How to format your references using the Neuropsychobiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuropsychobiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Helgen KM. Evolution. The mammal family tree. Science. 2011 Oct;334(6055):458–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Morriswood B, Warren G. Cell biology. Stalemate in the Golgi battle. Science. 2013 Sep;341(6153):1465–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Petit RJ, Hu FS, Dick CW. Forests of the past: a window to future changes. Science. 2008 Jun;320(5882):1450–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zeff BW, Lanterman DD, McAllister R, Roy R, Kostelich EJ, Lathrop DP. Measuring intense rotation and dissipation in turbulent flows. Nature. 2003 Jan;421(6919):146–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jones DW. Economic Theory and the Ancient Mediterranean. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2014.
An edited book
Mehlhorn H, editor. Nanoparticles in the Fight Against Parasites. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Luderer B, Nollau V, Vetters K. Combinatorial Analysis. In: Nollau V, Vetters K, editors. Mathematical Formulas for Economists. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010; pp 19–20.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuropsychobiology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Why We Mustn’t Assume Smoking And Drinking Only Leads To Certain Cancers [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 May


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA Commercial Crew Program: Schedule Pressure Increases as Contractors Delay Key Events. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2017.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vande Voort PS. A phenomenological exploration of faculty experiences using lecture capture systems. 2013

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Oral Dissents Give Ginsburg A New Voice. New York Times. 2007 May;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuropsychobiology
ISSN (print)0302-282X
ISSN (online)1423-0224
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Other styles