How to format your references using the Neuropsychobiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuropsychobiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Turner MS: The dark clouds over US astronomy. Nature 2011;476:127.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kessler MA, Werner BT: Self-organization of sorted patterned ground. Science 2003;299:380–383.
A journal article with 3 authors
Minto C, Myers RA, Blanchard W: Survival variability and population density in fish populations. Nature 2008;452:344–347.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kullander K, Butt SJB, Lebret JM, Lundfald L, Restrepo CE, Rydström A, et al.: Role of EphA4 and EphrinB3 in local neuronal circuits that control walking. Science 2003;299:1889–1892.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fliszár S: Atomic Charges, Bond Properties, and Molecular Energies. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2008.
An edited book
Sirenko YK, Ström S (eds): Modern Theory of Gratings: Resonant Scattering: Analysis Techniques and Phenomena. New York, NY, Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Shah J: Herbal Treatments for Erectile Dysfunction; in Ramawat KG (ed): Herbal Drugs: Ethnomedicine to Modern Medicine. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2009, pp 67–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuropsychobiology.

Blog post
Andrews R: Scientists Have Successfully Drilled Into The Dinosaur-Killing Impact Crater. IFLScience 2016;


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Space Operations: NASA’s Communications Support for Earth Orbiting Spacecraft. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haug JJ: A summer literacy intervention for struggling readers at the middle school level using strategies in comprehension, fluency, vocabulary, and positive school climate to improve reading comprehension: An evaluation study 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fisher L: QUOTATION OF THE DAY. New York Times 2008;A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuropsychobiology
ISSN (print)0302-282X
ISSN (online)1423-0224
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Other styles