How to format your references using the Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holmes, J.A., 2008. Ecology. How the Sahara became dry. Science 320, 752–753.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hommelhoff, P., Higuchi, T., 2015. Strong-field physics: Harmonic radiation from crystals. Nature 523, 541–542.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dick, H.J.B., Lin, J., Schouten, H., 2003. An ultraslow-spreading class of ocean ridge. Nature 426, 405–412.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sam, M., Vora, S., Malnic, B., Ma, W., Novotny, M.V., Buck, L.B., 2001. Neuropharmacology. Odorants may arouse instinctive behaviours. Nature 412, 142.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fullman, S.H., 2010. Increasing Alpha with Options. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Agosti, M., Ferro, N., Peters, C., Rijke, M. de, Smeaton, A. (Eds.), 2010. Multilingual and Multimodal Information Access Evaluation: International Conference of the Cross-Language Evaluation Forum, CLEF 2010, Padua, Italy, September 20-23, 2010. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Medina, N., 2016. Being Church as Latina/o Pentecostals, in: Snyder, S., Ralston, J., Brazal, A.M. (Eds.), Church in an Age of Global Migration: A Moving Body, Celebrating Faith Series. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, pp. 65–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Exoplanets Around Small-Stars Are Likely To Be Earth-Sized Water Worlds [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Maritime Transportation: Implications of Using U.S. Liquefied-Natural-Gas Carriers for Exports (No. GAO-16-104). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grosso, T., 2015. Exploring How Older Adults Who Qualify for the Association on Aging with Developmental Disabilities (AADD) Programs and Services Learn to Successfully Age in Place (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B., 2017. N.H.L. Says Its Players Will Skip 2018 Olympics. New York Times B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holmes, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Holmes, 2008; Hommelhoff and Higuchi, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hommelhoff and Higuchi, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Sam et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research
AbbreviationJ. Vet. Behav.
ISSN (print)1558-7878
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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