How to format your references using the Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
FitzGerald, G.A., 2012. Medicine. Can intellectual property save drug development? Science 338, 483–484.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hawthorne, D.J., Via, S., 2001. Genetic linkage of ecological specialization and reproductive isolation in pea aphids. Nature 412, 904–907.
A journal article with 3 authors
Spinner, M., Westhoff, G., Gorb, S.N., 2014. Subdigital setae of chameleon feet: friction-enhancing microstructures for a wide range of substrate roughness. Sci. Rep. 4, 5481.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hoffmann, A.A., Hallas, R.J., Dean, J.A., Schiffer, M., 2003. Low potential for climatic stress adaptation in a rainforest Drosophila species. Science 301, 100–102.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Daubert, E.J., 2009. The Annual Campaign. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Croitoru, M., Rudolph, S., Woltran, S., Gonzales, C. (Eds.), 2014. Graph Structures for Knowledge Representation and Reasoning: Third International Workshop, GKR 2013, Beijing, China, August 3, 2013. Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Bäck, J., Nikinmaa, E., Kulmala, L., Simojoki, A., Kalliokoski, T., Hari, P., Häkkinen, R., Linkosalo, T., Hänninen, H., Juurola, E., Kolari, P., Koupaei, K.K., Porcar-Castell, A., Gracia, B.O., Heinonsalo, J., Timonen, S., Heliövaara, K., Raivonen, M., Joensuu, J., Pihlatie, M., Pumpanen, J., Kurola, J., Salkinoja-Salonen, M., Kähkönen, M., 2013. Processes in Living Structures, in: Hari, P., Heliövaara, K., Kulmala, L. (Eds.), Physical and Physiological Forest Ecology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 43–223.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Tooth Enamel Could Have Originated On Prehistoric Fish Scales [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. Need for Active Alcohol Public Education Program (No. 105900). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, D.N., 2012. Career decision process of first generation Vietnamese American college students (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wines, M., Fernandez, M., 2016. Stricter Rules Over Voter IDs Reshape Races. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (FitzGerald, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (FitzGerald, 2012; Hawthorne and Via, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hawthorne and Via, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Hoffmann et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research
AbbreviationJ. Vet. Behav.
ISSN (print)1558-7878
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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