How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neurodegeneration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neurodegeneration. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston, D. (2009). Beware politicians bearing gifts. Nature 457, 649.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boehm, M., and Slack, F. (2005). A developmental timing microRNA and its target regulate life span in C. elegans. Science 310, 1954–1957.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sekiguchi, Y., Arai, K., and Kohshima, S. (2006). Sleep behaviour: sleep in continuously active dolphins. Nature 441, E9-10; discussion E11.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Vecchi, C., Montosi, G., Zhang, K., Lamberti, I., Duncan, S. A., Kaufman, R. J., et al. (2009). ER stress controls iron metabolism through induction of hepcidin. Science 325, 877–880.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vitetta, G. M., Taylor, D. P., Colavolpe, G., Pancaldi, F., and Martin, P. A. (2013). Wireless Communications. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Croudace, I. W., and Rothwell, R. G. eds. (2015). Micro-XRF Studies of Sediment Cores: Applications of a non-destructive tool for the environmental sciences. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Beauquier, J., Blanchard, P., and Burman, J. (2013). “Self-stabilizing Leader Election in Population Protocols over Arbitrary Communication Graphs,” in Principles of Distributed Systems: 17th International Conference, OPODIS 2013, Nice, France, December 16-18, 2013. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. R. Baldoni, N. Nisse, and M. van Steen (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 38–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neurodegeneration.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016). Ancient Asteroid Impacts Yield Evidence For The Nature Of The Early Earth. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/space/ancient-asteroid-impacts-yield-evidence-for-the-nature-of-the-early-earth/ [Accessed October 30, 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978). Reporting of Federal Funds for Research and Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bates, K. (2017). Drivers of Engagement for Volunteers in a Nonprofit.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007). T’s Not Crossed in Community College Tuition. New York Times, LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldston, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Boehm and Slack, 2005; Goldston, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boehm and Slack, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Vecchi et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neurodegeneration
AbbreviationFront. Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1664-0640
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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