How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neurodegeneration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neurodegeneration. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kamien, R. D. (2011). Applied physics. Knot your simple defect lines? Science 333, 46–47.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hering, J. G., and Ingold, K. M. (2012). Water management. Water resources management: what should be integrated? Science 336, 1234–1235.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shuman, E. S., Barry, J. F., and Demille, D. (2010). Laser cooling of a diatomic molecule. Nature 467, 820–823.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chien, E. Y. T., Liu, W., Zhao, Q., Katritch, V., Han, G. W., Hanson, M. A., et al. (2010). Structure of the human dopamine D3 receptor in complex with a D2/D3 selective antagonist. Science 330, 1091–1095.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boussabaine, A. (2013). Risk Pricing Strategies for Public-Private Partnerships Projects. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons.
An edited book
Lichtfouse, E. ed. (2015). Sustainable Agriculture Reviews: Volume 17. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Boureanu, I., Mitrokotsa, A., and Vaudenay, S. (2014). “Towards Secure Distance Bounding,” in Fast Software Encryption: 20th International Workshop, FSE 2013, Singapore, March 11-13, 2013. Revised Selected Papers Lecture Notes in Computer Science., ed. S. Moriai (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 55–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neurodegeneration.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Shift Work Causes Breast Cancer In Mice, According To A New Study – So What Does This Mean For Humans? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991). Department of Education GMR. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holmes, K. (2008). Ethical practice online: An exploration of provider liability risk among practitioners in the emerging field of online therapy.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J. (2016). Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times, MM22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kamien, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Kamien, 2011; Hering and Ingold, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hering and Ingold, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Chien et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neurodegeneration
AbbreviationFront. Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1664-0640
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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