How to format your references using the Neuropharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuropharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sweatt, J.D., 2011. Neuroscience. Creating stable memories. Science 331, 869–870.
A journal article with 2 authors
Krueger, A.B., Malecková, J., 2009. Attitudes and action: public opinion and the occurrence of international terrorism. Science 325, 1534–1536.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brown, E.T., Molnar, P., Bourlès, D.L., 2005. Comment on “Slip-rate measurements on the Karakorum Fault may imply secular variations in fault motion.” Science 309, 1326; author reply 1326.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Woodward, J., Orr, M., Cordray, K., Greenbaum, E., 2000. Enzymatic production of biohydrogen. Nature 405, 1014–1015.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Steland, A., 2012. Financial Statistics and Mathematical Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Janigro, D. (Ed.), 2006. The Cell Cycle in the Central Nervous System, Contemporary Neuroscience. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang, Z., 2015. Before Unrooting your Android Phone, Patching up Permission System First!, in: Rhee, K.-H., Yi, J.H. (Eds.), Information Security Applications: 15th International Workshop, WISA 2014, Jeju Island, Korea, August 25-27, 2014. Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 41–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuropharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. A 1.8 million year old skull indicates there may have been just one human species on Earth at that time [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001. D.C. Tuition Assistance Grants: Program May Increase College Choices, but a Few Program Procedures May Hinder Grant Receipt for Some Residents (No. GAO-02-265). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Day, J.P., 2010. Semirelativistic few body problems with matrix continued fraction methods (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., 2017. Tech Firms Make Push Toward TV. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sweatt, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Krueger and Malecková, 2009; Sweatt, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Krueger and Malecková, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Woodward et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuropharmacology
ISSN (print)0028-3908
ScopeCellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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