How to format your references using the Neuropharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuropharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marchio, E.A., 2015. My metamorphosis. Science 347, 206.
A journal article with 2 authors
Akiyama, B.M., Stone, M.D., 2013. Structural biology: a solution to the telomerase puzzle. Nature 496, 177–178.
A journal article with 3 authors
McKemy, D.D., Neuhausser, W.M., Julius, D., 2002. Identification of a cold receptor reveals a general role for TRP channels in thermosensation. Nature 416, 52–58.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tso, G.H.W., Reales-Calderon, J.A., Tan, A.S.M., Sem, X., Le, G.T.T., Tan, T.G., Lai, G.C., Srinivasan, K.G., Yurieva, M., Liao, W., Poidinger, M., Zolezzi, F., Rancati, G., Pavelka, N., 2018. Experimental evolution of a fungal pathogen into a gut symbiont. Science 362, 589–595.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rainey, L.D., 2010. Confucius & Confucianism. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
van der Ark, L.A., Bolt, D.M., Wang, W.-C., Douglas, J.A., Wiberg, M. (Eds.), 2016. Quantitative Psychology Research: The 80th Annual Meeting of the Psychometric Society, Beijing, 2015, Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Ackermann, H., Röglin, H., Schellbach, U., Schweer, N., 2010. Chapter 4. Analysis of Algorithms, in: Müller-Hannemann, M., Schirra, S. (Eds.), Algorithm Engineering: Bridging the Gap between Algorithm Theory and Practice, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 127–193.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuropharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Slow Motion Video: Underwater Bullet [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1973. Reclaim for Mileage and Relocation Expenses (No. B-177671). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mott, C.R., 2010. Sun compass orientation in juvenile green sea turtles (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Widdicombe, B., 2017. Charming for a Cause. New York Times D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marchio, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Akiyama and Stone, 2013; Marchio, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Akiyama and Stone, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Tso et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuropharmacology
ISSN (print)0028-3908
ScopeCellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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