How to format your references using the Neuropharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuropharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C., 2009. World view: Out of service. Nature 462, 846.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mackinnon, M.J., Marsh, K., 2010. The selection landscape of malaria parasites. Science 328, 866–871.
A journal article with 3 authors
Canfield, D.E., Poulton, S.W., Narbonne, G.M., 2007. Late-Neoproterozoic deep-ocean oxygenation and the rise of animal life. Science 315, 92–95.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, Z., Wu, E., Qian, Z., Wu, W.-S., 2014. A multicolor panel of TALE-KRAB based transcriptional repressor vectors enabling knockdown of multiple gene targets. Sci. Rep. 4, 7338.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Flood, B.G., 2013. Wealth Exposed. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Fouque, J.-P., 2007. Wave Propagation and Time Reversal in Randomly Layered Media, Stochastic Modelling and Applied Probability, Formerly: Applications of Mathematics. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Crowder, J.A., Friess, S., 2013. Modern Design Philosophy: Organizational Considerations for Agile Systems Design, in: Friess, S. (Ed.), Systems Engineering Agile Design Methodologies. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 19–21.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuropharmacology.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Is The Universe A Hologram? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. Weather Forecasting: Improvements Needed in Laboratory Software Development Processes (No. AIMD-95-24). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beck, E.S., 2008. Waging war with words: Idealized gender and Iberian chivalry (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2017. Moscow Never Sleeps. New York Times C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain, 2009; Mackinnon and Marsh, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mackinnon and Marsh, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuropharmacology
ISSN (print)0028-3908
ScopeCellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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