How to format your references using the Neuropharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuropharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Petrukovich, A.A., 2008. Planetary science. The elusive onset of geomagnetic substorms. Science 321, 920–921.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schacter, D.L., Addis, D.R., 2007. Constructive memory: the ghosts of past and future. Nature 445, 27.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chin, G., Marathe, T., Roberts, L., 2011. Population. Doom or vroom? Introduction. Science 333, 538–539.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Adachi, Y., Kawamura, K., Armi, L., Keeling, R.F., 2006. Diffusive separation of the lower atmosphere. Science 311, 1429.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ibe, O.C., 2013. Elements of Random Walk and Diffusion Processes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Satapathy, S.C., Bhatt, Y.C., Joshi, A., Mishra, D.K. (Eds.), 2016. Proceedings of the International Congress on Information and Communication Technology: ICICT 2015, Volume 1, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Remund, J., Klauser, D., Müller, S.C., 2016. Shortest Term Solar Energy Forecast, in: Sayigh, A. (Ed.), Renewable Energy in the Service of Mankind Vol II: Selected Topics from the World Renewable Energy Congress WREC 2014. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 35–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuropharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Are Natural Disasters On The Rise? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Flexibility Demonstration Programs: Education Needs to Better Target Program Information (No. GAO-03-691). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilson, M.B., 2009. Constructions of childhood found in award -winning children’s literature (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2011. Open Skies, Bouncing Balls and Tough Critiques. New York Times B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Petrukovich, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Petrukovich, 2008; Schacter and Addis, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schacter and Addis, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Adachi et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuropharmacology
ISSN (print)0028-3908
ScopeCellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Other styles