How to format your references using the Neuropharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuropharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kowalchuk, G.A., 2012. Ecology. Bad news for soil carbon sequestration? Science 337, 1049–1050.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ding, H.-M., Ma, Y.-Q., 2013. Controlling cellular uptake of nanoparticles with pH-sensitive polymers. Sci. Rep. 3, 2804.
A journal article with 3 authors
Junker, J.P., Ziegler, F., Rief, M., 2009. Ligand-dependent equilibrium fluctuations of single calmodulin molecules. Science 323, 633–637.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lin, K., Xing, J., Quan, L.N., de Arquer, F.P.G., Gong, X., Lu, J., Xie, L., Zhao, W., Zhang, D., Yan, C., Li, W., Liu, X., Lu, Y., Kirman, J., Sargent, E.H., Xiong, Q., Wei, Z., 2018. Perovskite light-emitting diodes with external quantum efficiency exceeding 20 per cent. Nature 562, 245–248.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Massari, M., Gianfrate, G., Zanetti, L., 2016. Corporate Valuation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Klinger, J.R., Frantz, R.P. (Eds.), 2015. Diagnosis and Management of Pulmonary Hypertension, Respiratory Medicine. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Wu, C.-H., 2013. Greater Coherence in Global Economic Policymaking: Progress and Prospect, in: Herrmann, C., Krajewski, M., Terhechte, J.P. (Eds.), European Yearbook of International Economic Law 2014. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 67–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuropharmacology.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. Escaped Guatemalan Scorpion Leaps Out Of Bag On British Train [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Centralized Direction Needed for Calibration Program (No. LCD-77-426). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cooper, E.A., 2009. Missouri elementary teacher certification programs and the education provided on how boys and girls learn differently (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B., 2017. Nadal Seeks to Recapture Wimbledon Success. New York Times B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kowalchuk, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Ding and Ma, 2013; Kowalchuk, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ding and Ma, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Lin et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuropharmacology
ISSN (print)0028-3908
ScopeCellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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