How to format your references using the Neuropharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuropharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McCammon, C., 2001. Geophysics. Deep diamond mysteries. Science 293, 813–814.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, Y., Schier, A.F., 2001. The zebrafish Nodal signal Squint functions as a morphogen. Nature 411, 607–610.
A journal article with 3 authors
Parker, H.G., Kruglyak, L., Ostrander, E.A., 2006. Molecular genetics: DNA analysis of a putative dog clone. Nature 440, E1-2.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lu, H., Yang, X., Ye, M., Liu, K.-B., Xia, Z., Ren, X., Cai, L., Wu, N., Liu, T.-S., 2005. Culinary archaeology: Millet noodles in Late Neolithic China. Nature 437, 967–968.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Piantadosi, S., 2005. Clinical Trials: A Methodologic Perspective, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Uslar, M., 2013. Standardization in Smart Grids: Introduction to IT-Related Methodologies, Architectures and Standards, Power Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Forth, J., Petit, H., Salibekyan, Z., 2016. Tenure, Skill Development, and Pay: The Role of Internal Labour Markets, in: Amossé, T., Bryson, A., Forth, J., Petit, H. (Eds.), Comparative Workplace Employment Relations: An Analysis of Practice in Britain and France. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 105–140.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuropharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Here Are Five Ways The World Could End [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1969. Deficiencies in the Recording and Reporting of Contractor-Held, Government-Owned Property, Goddard Space Flight Center (No. 092675). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roberson, B.N., 2013. Motivation towards learning perceived in Socratic seminar versus traditional lecture (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2011. At All-Star Game, Politics and Passion Are Also in Play. New York Times D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McCammon, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Chen and Schier, 2001; McCammon, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen and Schier, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Lu et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuropharmacology
ISSN (print)0028-3908
ScopeCellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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