How to format your references using the Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
List JA. Economics. Homo experimentalis Evolves. Science. 2008 Jul 11;321(5886):207–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Giessen H, Vogelgesang R. Physics. Glimpsing the weak magnetic field of light. Science. 2009 Oct 23;326(5952):529–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
Auerbach BD, Osterweil EK, Bear MF. Mutations causing syndromic autism define an axis of synaptic pathophysiology. Nature. 2011 Nov 23;480(7375):63–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Borges RS, Reddy ALM, Rodrigues MTF, Gullapalli H, Balakrishnan K, Silva GG, et al. Supercapacitor operating at 200 degrees celsius. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2572.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jiang J, Zhang C. Fundamentals and Applications of Lithium-ion Batteries in Electric Drive Vehicles. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Matoušek V, Mautner P, editors. Text, Speech and Dialogue: 10th International Conference, TSD 2007, Pilsen, Czech Republic, September 3-7, 2007. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. XVII, 663 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 4629).
A chapter in an edited book
Guo Y, Ma L, Zhu F, Liu F. Selecting Training Samples from Large-Scale Remote-Sensing Samples Using an Active Learning Algorithm. In: Li K, Li J, Liu Y, Castiglione A, editors. Computational Intelligence and Intelligent Systems: 7th International Symposium, ISICA 2015, Guangzhou, China, November 21-22, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Singapore: Springer; 2016. p. 40–51. (Communications in Computer and Information Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine.

Blog post
Luntz S. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Ancient Pottery Reveals Sudden Drop In Strength Of Earth’s Magnetic Field. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Program Safety: Funding for NASA’s Safety Organizations Should Be Centralized. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Aug. Report No.: NSIAD-90-187.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barnett J. Understanding gender differences in teachers’ level of insight as it relates to ADHD [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Philipps D, Hubbard B. U.S. Soldier Who Survived Fatal Attack by a Jordanian Tells His Story. New York Times. 2017 Jul 25;A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleMount Sinai Journal of Medicine
AbbreviationMt. Sinai J. Med.
ISSN (print)0027-2507
ISSN (online)1931-7581
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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