How to format your references using the Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Makalowski W. Genomics. Not junk after all. Science. 2003 May 23;300(5623):1246–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Artal-Sanz M, Tavernarakis N. Prohibitin couples diapause signalling to mitochondrial metabolism during ageing in C. elegans. Nature. 2009 Oct 8;461(7265):793–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Liu WW, Mazor O, Wilson RI. Thermosensory processing in the Drosophila brain. Nature. 2015 Mar 19;519(7543):353–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Jin F, Zeng X, Liu J, Jin Y, Wang L, Zhong H, et al. Highly efficient and autocatalytic H2₂ dissociation for CO₂ reduction into formic acid with zinc. Sci Rep. 2014 Mar 28;4:4503.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Etheridge D. Excel® Data Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Morrill G, Muskens R, Osswald R, Richter F, editors. Formal Grammar: 19th International Conference, FG 2014, Tübingen, Germany, August 16-17, 2014. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. X, 201 p. 37 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 8612).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Dissanayake CB, Chandrajith R. Medical Geology of Fluoride. In: Chandrajith R, editor. Introduction to Medical Geology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 59–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Scientists Discover The Body Part Used To Sense The Earth’s Magnetic Field [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/scientists-discover-first-magnetic-sensor-animals/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Further Steps Needed to Strengthen the Security of Commercial Airport Perimeters and Access Controls. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Jun. Report No.: GAO-04-728.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Herrera K. Improved transportation for older adult volunteers: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G. Accountability Would Seem to Begin and End With Referees. New York Times. 2011 Mar 12;D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleMount Sinai Journal of Medicine
AbbreviationMt. Sinai J. Med.
ISSN (print)0027-2507
ISSN (online)1931-7581
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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