How to format your references using the Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Guenin LM. Essays on science and society. Morals and primordials. Science. 2001 Jun 1;292(5522):1659–60.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tedford RH, Harington CR. An Arctic mammal fauna from the Early Pliocene of North America. Nature. 2003 Sep 25;425(6956):388–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
Colón-Ramos DA, Margeta MA, Shen K. Glia promote local synaptogenesis through UNC-6 (netrin) signaling in C. elegans. Science. 2007 Oct 5;318(5847):103–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pascual A, Huang KL, Neveu J, Préat T. Neuroanatomy: brain asymmetry and long-term memory. Nature. 2004 Feb 12;427(6975):605–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Buchenau J. The Last Caudillo. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Haragus M. Local Bifurcations, Center Manifolds, and Normal Forms in Infinite-Dimensional Dynamical Systems. Iooss G, editor. London: Springer; 2011. XI, 329 p. (Universitext).
A chapter in an edited book
Santoro R. The Epigenetics of the Nucleolus: Structure and Function of Active and Silent Ribosomal RNA Genes. In: Olson MOJ, editor. The Nucleolus. New York, NY: Springer; 2011. p. 57–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine.

Blog post
Davis J. Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Vents Play A Vital Role In Maintaining Global Climate [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Farmers Home Administration’s Computer-Based Unified Management Information System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980 Jul. Report No.: 112851.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morissette TM. Elder friendliness and social participation of older adults living within age-segregated retirement communities [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lou Jepsen M. Bringing Back My Real Self With Hormones. New York Times. 2013 Nov 24;SR6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleMount Sinai Journal of Medicine
AbbreviationMt. Sinai J. Med.
ISSN (print)0027-2507
ISSN (online)1931-7581
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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