How to format your references using the Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vespignani A. Predicting the behavior of techno-social systems. Science. 2009 Jul 24;325(5939):425–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tzeng SR, Kalodimos CG. Dynamic activation of an allosteric regulatory protein. Nature. 2009 Nov 19;462(7271):368–72.
A journal article with 3 authors
van den Engh G, Nelson P, Roach J. Numismatic gyrations. Nature. 2000 Nov 30;408(6812):540.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fixler JB, Foster GT, McGuirk JM, Kasevich MA. Atom interferometer measurement of the newtonian constant of gravity. Science. 2007 Jan 5;315(5808):74–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mann S. Microsoft® SharePoint® Server 2010 Bible. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Machala Z, Hensel K, Akishev Y, editors. Plasma for Bio-Decontamination, Medicine and Food Security. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. XVII, 479 p. 251 illus., 6 illus. in color. (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series A: Chemistry and Biology).
A chapter in an edited book
Cao F, Bouthemy P. A General Principled Method for Image Similarity Validation. In: Marchand-Maillet S, Bruno E, Nürnberger A, Detyniecki M, editors. Adaptive Multimedia Retrieval: User, Context, and Feedback: 4th International Workshop, AMR 2006, Geneva, Switzerland, July 27-28, 2006, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 57–70. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E. Gray Wolf Pack Spotted In California For The First Time In 90 Years [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Financial Management: Actions Needed to Ensure Effective Implementation of NASA’s Accounting System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Aug. Report No.: AFMD-91-74.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shaw RM. The influence of organizational culture on employee attitudes towards information security policy [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B, Heller S. Say It With Tickets. New York Times. 2016 Nov 24;C10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleMount Sinai Journal of Medicine
AbbreviationMt. Sinai J. Med.
ISSN (print)0027-2507
ISSN (online)1931-7581
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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