How to format your references using the Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Tyndall G. Chemistry. Vibrational excitation can control tropospheric chemistry. Science. 2012 Aug 31;337(6098):1046–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Bloodgood BL, Sabatini BL. Neuronal activity regulates diffusion across the neck of dendritic spines. Science. 2005 Nov 4;310(5749):866–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sherwood SC, Lanzante JR, Meyer CL. Radiosonde daytime biases and late-20th century warming. Science. 2005 Sep 2;309(5740):1556–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Ahmad S, Gupta S, Kumar R, Varshney GC, Raghava GPS. Herceptin resistance database for understanding mechanism of resistance in breast cancer patients. Sci Rep. 2014 Mar 27;4:4483.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Zhu Z, Nandi AK. Automatic Modulation Classification. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Cilliers P, Preiser R, editors. Complexity, Difference and Identity: An Ethical Perspective. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010. XIV, 273 p. 9 illus. (Issues in Business Ethics; vol. 26).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Durband DB, Gustafson AW. Obtaining Financial Education Program Support. In: Durband DB, Britt SL, editors. Student Financial Literacy: Campus-Based Program Development. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2012. p. 57–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Japanese Black Bears Are Ecosystem Engineers, Bringing Light Into Forests [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/japanese-black-bears-are-ecosystem-engineers-bringing-light-forests/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Older Driver Safety: Survey of States on Their Implementation of Federal Highway Administration Recommendations and Guidelines (GAO-07-517SP), an E-supplement to GAO-07-413. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Apr. Report No.: GAO-07-517SP.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ward S. Historiography, prophecy, and literature: “Divina retribución” and its underlying ideological agenda [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Walsh MW. Team of 7 From Finance and Law to Oversee Puerto Rico’s Fiscal Affairs. New York Times. 2016 Sep 1;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleMount Sinai Journal of Medicine
AbbreviationMt. Sinai J. Med.
ISSN (print)0027-2507
ISSN (online)1931-7581
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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