How to format your references using the Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vrakking M. Chemical physics: Electronic movies. Nature. 2009 Aug 20;460(7258):960–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson AK, Phelps EA. Lesions of the human amygdala impair enhanced perception of emotionally salient events. Nature. 2001 May 17;411(6835):305–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dahl JE, Liu SG, Carlson RMK. Isolation and structure of higher diamondoids, nanometer-sized diamond molecules. Science. 2003 Jan 3;299(5603):96–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Thornalley DJR, Oppo DW, Ortega P, Robson JI, Brierley CM, Davis R, et al. Anomalously weak Labrador Sea convection and Atlantic overturning during the past 150 years. Nature. 2018 Apr;556(7700):227–30.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
André É, Soulat R. The Inverse Method. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Bauer JW, Dolan EM, editors. Rural Families and Work: Context and Problems. New York, NY: Springer; 2011. XII, 260 p. (International Series on Consumer Science).
A chapter in an edited book
Cheah Y-L, Toh GC-H, Heng J-W, Wee EW-L. Transdisciplinary Management of Perioperative Nutrition. In: Tan K-Y, editor. Transdisciplinary Perioperative Care in Colorectal Surgery: An Integrative Approach. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015. p. 41–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E. Will Next-Generation Wearable Sensors Make Us Healthier? IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. ADP Acquisitions: No Improper Actions Found on IRS’ Contract for Data Retrieval System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986 Aug. Report No.: IMTEC-86-33BR.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Parajuli B. Students’ Motivations towards Volunteerism: A Comparative Study of the United States and Nepal [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. It’s Fresh, Local and Elegant. New York Times. 2009 Aug 30;NJ13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleMount Sinai Journal of Medicine
AbbreviationMt. Sinai J. Med.
ISSN (print)0027-2507
ISSN (online)1931-7581
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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