How to format your references using the International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Brown JR. ESSAYS ON SCIENCE AND SOCIETY: Privatizing the University--the New Tragedy of the Commons. Science. 2000;290:1701–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Brockmann D, Helbing D. The hidden geometry of complex, network-driven contagion phenomena. Science. 2013;342:1337–42.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Losos JB, Hillis DM, Greene HW. Evolution. Who speaks with a forked tongue? Science. 2012;338:1428–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Dixon JE, Leist L, Langmuir C, Schilling J-G. Recycled dehydrated lithosphere observed in plume-influenced mid-ocean-ridge basalt. Nature. 2002;420:385–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Tsujimura T. OLED Display Fundamentals and Applications. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1. Bronstein MD, editor. Cushing’s Syndrome: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis and Treatment. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Chambel MR, Climent J, Pichot C, Ducci F. Mediterranean Pines (Pinus halepensis Mill. and brutia Ten.). In: Pâques LE, editor. Forest Tree Breeding in Europe: Current State-of-the-Art and Perspectives. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013. p. 229–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. British People Are Feeling Better Than Ever – Here’s How We Can Tell [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Commuter Airports Should Participate in the Airport Certification Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987 Nov. Report No.: RCED-88-41.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Gallegos LL. Spatiotemporal regulation of protein kinase C signaling: Control of normal cellular dynamics and mis-regulation in cancer [Doctoral dissertation]. [La Jolla, CA]: University of California San Diego; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Sisario B. The Pianist Behind Dylan’s Nobel Lecture. New York Times. 2017 Jun 7;C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
AbbreviationInt. J. Clin. Pharm.
ISSN (print)2210-7703
ISSN (online)2210-7711
ScopePharmacology (medical)
Pharmaceutical Science

Other styles