How to format your references using the International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Jayaraman KS. India budgets for boost in research. Nature. 2003;422:6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Ikegami T, Ganesh G. Watching novice action degrades expert motor performance: causation between action production and outcome prediction of observed actions by humans. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6989.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Pack CC, Berezovskii VK, Born RT. Dynamic properties of neurons in cortical area MT in alert and anaesthetized macaque monkeys. Nature. 2001;414:905–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Mitro N, Mak PA, Vargas L, Godio C, Hampton E, Molteni V, et al. The nuclear receptor LXR is a glucose sensor. Nature. 2007;445:219–23.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Wallgren A, Wallgren B. Register-Based Statistics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Halasz P. Dynamic Structure of NREM Sleep. Bodizs R, editor. London: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Aunio P, Tapola A, Mononen R, Niemivirta M. Early Mathematics Skill Development, Low Performance, and Parental Support in the Finnish Context. In: Blevins-Knabe B, Austin AMB, editors. Early Childhood Mathematics Skill Development in the Home Environment. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 51–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy.

Blog post
1. Hale T. How Big Can A Tsunami Wave Get? Bigger Than You’d Think [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: 9/11 Anniversary Observations on TSA’s Progress and Challenges in Strengthening Aviation Security. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Sep. Report No.: GAO-12-1024T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Pope C. Words in the Garden [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. Another Storm to Weather. New York Times. 2011 Feb 28;D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
AbbreviationInt. J. Clin. Pharm.
ISSN (print)2210-7703
ISSN (online)2210-7711
ScopePharmacology (medical)
Pharmaceutical Science

Other styles