How to format your references using the International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Davies KG. Creative tension. Nature. 2000;407:135.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Mesecar AD, Koshland DE Jr. A new model for protein stereospecificity. Nature. 2000;403:614–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Sun L, Wang J, Bonaccurso E. Conductivity of individual particles measured by a microscopic four-point-probe method. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1991.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Lange OF, Lakomek N-A, Farès C, Schröder GF, Walter KFA, Becker S, et al. Recognition dynamics up to microseconds revealed from an RDC-derived ubiquitin ensemble in solution. Science. 2008;320:1471–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Shaw MT. Introduction to Polymer Rheology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Baveye PC, Laba M, Mysiak J, editors. Uncertainties in Environmental Modelling and Consequences for Policy Making. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Miller RR. Ethanol-Induced Lipid Peroxidation and Apoptosis in Embryopathy. In: Watson RR, Preedy VR, Zibadi S, editors. Alcohol, Nutrition, and Health Consequences. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2013. p. 35–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Algae Blooms Alter Nitrogen And Phosphorus Cycles In Lakes To Their Benefit [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. What Is the Role of Federal Assistance for Vocational Education? Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1974 Dec. Report No.: MWD-75-31.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Ariani D. Amerindo International Nurse Recruitment Agency [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly K, Haberman M. Another Goldman Executive Is Chosen. New York Times. 2017 Jan 11;A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
AbbreviationInt. J. Clin. Pharm.
ISSN (print)2210-7703
ISSN (online)2210-7711
ScopePharmacology (medical)
Pharmaceutical Science

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