How to format your references using the International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Sibum HO. Beyond the ivory tower. What kind of science is experimental physics? Science. 2004;306:60–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Ley TJ, Hamilton BH. Sociology. The gender gap in NIH grant applications. Science. 2008;322:1472–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Kim M, Carman CV, Springer TA. Bidirectional transmembrane signaling by cytoplasmic domain separation in integrins. Science. 2003;301:1720–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kim JB, Greber B, Araúzo-Bravo MJ, Meyer J, Park KI, Zaehres H, et al. Direct reprogramming of human neural stem cells by OCT4. Nature. 2009;461:649–643.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Calloway J. Becoming a Category of One. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1. Bonesso S, Comacchio A, Pizzi C, editors. Project-Based Knowledge in Organizing Open Innovation. London: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Calzolai F, De Nicola R, Loreti M, Tiezzi F. TAPAs: A Tool for the Analysis of Process Algebras. In: Jensen K, Aalst WMP van der, Billington J, editors. Transactions on Petri Nets and Other Models of Concurrency I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 54–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Live Webcast of Tonight’s ‘Super Harvest Moon’ [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Better Management and More Resources Needed To Strengthen Federal Efforts To Improve Pregnancy Outcome. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980 Jan. Report No.: HRD-80-24.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Warfield BS. Speaking of the Self: Theorizing the Dialogical Dimensions of Ethical Agency [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Saslow L. Brentwood Sets a Dress Code Into Motion. New York Times. 2005 Oct 9;14LI3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
AbbreviationInt. J. Clin. Pharm.
ISSN (print)2210-7703
ISSN (online)2210-7711
ScopePharmacology (medical)
Pharmaceutical Science

Other styles