How to format your references using the Neuropeptides citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuropeptides. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Van Langenhove, L., 2012. Global issues: Make social sciences relevant. Nature 484, 442.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weiss, R.B., Atkins, J.F., 2011. Molecular biology. Translation goes global. Science 334, 1509–1510.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harbaugh, W.T., Mayr, U., Burghart, D.R., 2007. Neural responses to taxation and voluntary giving reveal motives for charitable donations. Science 316, 1622–1625.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Carreiras, M., Seghier, M.L., Baquero, S., Estévez, A., Lozano, A., Devlin, J.T., Price, C.J., 2009. An anatomical signature for literacy. Nature 461, 983–986.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bai, Q., Bai, Y., Ruan, W., 2017. Advances in Pipes and Pipelines. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Scharrer, I., Schramm, W. (Eds.), 2006. 35th Hemophilia Symposium: Hamburg 2004. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Colley, S., 2012. Archaeological Field Schools and Fieldwork Practice in an Australian Context, in: Mytum, H. (Ed.), Global Perspectives on Archaeological Field Schools: Constructions of Knowledge and Experience. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 61–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuropeptides.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016. Lack Of Water Blamed For Mammoth Extinction [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Y2K Computing Challenge: Day One Planning and Operations Guide (No. AIMD-10.1.22). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eng, R., 2014. Exploring Investors’ Decision Making Processes During the 2008 Financial Crisis Using Epstein’s Cognitive Experiential Self-Theory: A Multiple-case Study (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2016. Oh, Forget That Love Stuff. All You Need Is Selfishness. New York Times C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Van Langenhove, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Van Langenhove, 2012; Weiss and Atkins, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weiss and Atkins, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Carreiras et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuropeptides
ISSN (print)0143-4179
General Medicine
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

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