How to format your references using the Neuropeptides citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuropeptides. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check, E., 2002. Call for cloning ban splits UN. Nature 416, 3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Steinle, A., Cerwenka, A., 2015. Immunology. MULT1plying cancer immunity. Science 348, 45–46.
A journal article with 3 authors
Altizer, S., Bartel, R., Han, B.A., 2011. Animal migration and infectious disease risk. Science 331, 296–302.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lund, J.M., Hsing, L., Pham, T.T., Rudensky, A.Y., 2008. Coordination of early protective immunity to viral infection by regulatory T cells. Science 320, 1220–1224.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kazemi, G.A., Lehr, J.H., Perrochet, P., 2006. Groundwater Age. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Spence, L., Painter-Morland, M. (Eds.), 2011. Ethics in Small and Medium Sized Enterprises: A Global Commentary, The International Society of Business, Economics, and Ethics Book Series. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Han, X., Oliver, C.D., Ge, J., Guo, Q., Kou, X., 2012. Managing Forest Stand Structures to Enhance Conservation of the Amur Tiger (Panthera tigris altaica), in: Stanturf, J., Madsen, P., Lamb, D. (Eds.), A Goal-Oriented Approach to Forest Landscape Restoration, World Forests. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 93–128.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuropeptides.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. What Consumers Want In GM Food Labeling Is Simpler Than You Think [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Joint Strike Fighter Acquisition: Managing Competing Pressures Is Critical to Achieving Program Goals (No. GAO-03-1012T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ploehs, J.R., 2009. The literacy benefits of middle school tutors who tutor emergent readers (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2011. A Summer With Uncle Casey In the Town He Owned. New York Times SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Check, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Check, 2002; Steinle and Cerwenka, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Steinle and Cerwenka, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Lund et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuropeptides
ISSN (print)0143-4179
General Medicine
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

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