How to format your references using the Neuropeptides citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuropeptides. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Polman, A., 2008. Applied physics. Plasmonics applied. Science 322, 868–869.
A journal article with 2 authors
Goedert, M., Cheng, Y., 2015. Parkinson’s disease: Crystals of a toxic core. Nature 525, 458–459.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kareiva, P., Chang, A., Marvier, M., 2008. Environmental economics. Development and conservation goals in World Bank projects. Science 321, 1638–1639.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kao, S.-C., Wu, H., Xie, J., Chang, C.-P., Ranish, J.A., Graef, I.A., Crabtree, G.R., 2009. Calcineurin/NFAT signaling is required for neuregulin-regulated Schwann cell differentiation. Science 323, 651–654.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chatterji, S., Hedges, P., 2005. Loan Workouts and Debt for Equity Swaps. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Tweedale, J.W., 2012. Embedded Automation in Human-Agent Environment, Adaptation, Learning, and Optimization. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Seibel, M.J., Meier, C., 2010. Biochemical Markers of Bone Turnover – Basic Biochemistry and Variability, in: Adler, R.A. (Ed.), Osteoporosis: Pathophysiology and Clinical Management. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 97–130.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuropeptides.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Evidence Suggests Missing Students In Mexico Were Not Incinerated By A Drug Cartel [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1972. Teacher Corps Programs Operated by the Buffalo State University College, the New York University, and the Harlem Institute for Teachers (No. 089472). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hernandez, K., 2015. Life skills education for at-risk youth at Soledad Enrichment Action Charter High School: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., 2017. Political Journalist Halperin Posts Apology to Women He ‘Mistreated.’ New York Times B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Polman, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Goedert and Cheng, 2015; Polman, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goedert and Cheng, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Kao et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuropeptides
ISSN (print)0143-4179
General Medicine
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

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