How to format your references using the Neuropeptides citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuropeptides. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grayson, M., 2013. Chemistry masterclass. Nature 502, S49.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brown, J.W., Braver, T.S., 2005. Learned predictions of error likelihood in the anterior cingulate cortex. Science 307, 1118–1121.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ye, Y., Meyer, H.H., Rapoport, T.A., 2001. The AAA ATPase Cdc48/p97 and its partners transport proteins from the ER into the cytosol. Nature 414, 652–656.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
DeLellis, P., Polverino, G., Ustuner, G., Abaid, N., Macrì, S., Bollt, E.M., Porfiri, M., 2014. Collective behaviour across animal species. Sci. Rep. 4, 3723.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Haas, T.C., 2011. Improving Natural Resource Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Durand-Lose, J., Margenstern, M. (Eds.), 2007. Machines, Computations, and Universality: 5th International Conference, MCU 2007, Orléans, France, September 10-13, 2007. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Rais-Bahrami, S., Gilbert, B.R., 2015. Penile Ultrasound, in: Gilbert, B.R. (Ed.), Ultrasound of the Male Genitalia. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 125–155.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuropeptides.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Running May Boost Connectivity In Your Brain [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Telecommunications: FCC Needs to Improve Its Ability to Monitor and Determine the Extent of Competition in Dedicated Access Services (No. GAO-07-80). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
O’Leary, J.J., 2012. Telling the story: Teaching leaders the art of storytelling and its impact on individuals and the organization (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Semple, K., Chen, D.W., 2015. In Skelos Case, a Son Whose Life Seemed to Lose Traction Early. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grayson, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Brown and Braver, 2005; Grayson, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brown and Braver, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (DeLellis et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuropeptides
ISSN (print)0143-4179
General Medicine
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

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