How to format your references using the Neuropeptides citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuropeptides. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rieppel, O., 2009. Evolution. How did the turtle get its shell? Science 325, 154–155.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dawson, R.J.P., Locher, K.P., 2006. Structure of a bacterial multidrug ABC transporter. Nature 443, 180–185.
A journal article with 3 authors
Topper, T.P., Holmer, L.E., Caron, J.-B., 2014. Brachiopods hitching a ride: an early case of commensalism in the middle Cambrian Burgess Shale. Sci. Rep. 4, 6704.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nakabachi, A., Yamashita, A., Toh, H., Ishikawa, H., Dunbar, H.E., Moran, N.A., Hattori, M., 2006. The 160-kilobase genome of the bacterial endosymbiont Carsonella. Science 314, 267.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wesley, L.D., 2010. Geotechnical Engineering in Residual Soils. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Johansson, B., Karlsson, C., Stough, R. (Eds.), 2006. The Emerging Digital Economy: Entrepreneurship, Clusters, and Policy, Advances in Spatial Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Srinivas, V., Mitra, P., 2016. Applications of Link Prediction, in: Mitra, P. (Ed.), Link Prediction in Social Networks: Role of Power Law Distribution, SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 57–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuropeptides.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. How Neurosurgeons Can Now Look At Your Brain Through Your Eyes [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Space Acquisitions: Space Based Infrared System Could Benefit from Technology Insertion Planning (No. GAO-15-366). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mendoza-Williams, J., 2015. Road to success: The experiences of academically successful graduation-bound African American males (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2015. Judge Rejects Plan to Alter City Pensions in Chicago. New York Times A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rieppel, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Dawson and Locher, 2006; Rieppel, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dawson and Locher, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Nakabachi et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuropeptides
ISSN (print)0143-4179
General Medicine
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

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