How to format your references using the Journal of Vascular Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Vascular Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith MS. Opening education. Science. 2009 Jan 2;323(5910):89–93.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schultz DM, Yoon TP. Solar synthesis: prospects in visible light photocatalysis. Science. 2014 Feb 28;343(6174):1239176.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bernevig BA, Hughes TL, Zhang SC. Quantum spin Hall effect and topological phase transition in HgTe quantum wells. Science. 2006 Dec 15;314(5806):1757–61.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gai YP, Li YQ, Guo FY, Yuan CZ, Mo YY, Zhang HL, et al. Analysis of phytoplasma-responsive sRNAs provide insight into the pathogenic mechanisms of mulberry yellow dwarf disease. Sci Rep. 2014 Jun 20;4:5378.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ng KK. Complete Guide to Semiconductor Devices. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Liu G, Yang C, Hao T, Luo X, editors. Oil and Gas Resources in China: A Roadmap to 2050. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. XXIV, 111 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Butler JL, Sherman CH. Transducer Characteristics. In: Sherman CH, editor. Transducers and Arrays for Underwater Sound. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 153–84. (Modern Acoustics and Signal Processing).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Vascular Surgery.

Blog post
Taub B. Ancient Lost City Discovered Underground. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Minimum Requirements Are Needed for Colleges and Universities To Justify Research Equipment Purchases. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978 May. Report No.: HRD-78-52.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris RH. Comparing the Effects of Traditional Face-to-face, Technology-Based, and Blended Instructional Strategies in a Post-Secondary Spanish Language Learning Environment [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Bruce Finds His Swing by Studying the Stats. New York Times. 2017 Mar 21;B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Vascular Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Vasc. Surg.
ISSN (print)0741-5214
ISSN (online)1097-6809
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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