How to format your references using the Journal of Vascular Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Vascular Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Git A. Research tools: A recipe for disaster. Nature. 2012 Apr 25;484(7395):439–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
Marx FG, Uhen MD. Climate, critters, and cetaceans: Cenozoic drivers of the evolution of modern whales. Science. 2010 Feb 19;327(5968):993–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lin J, Balabin IA, Beratan DN. The nature of aqueous tunneling pathways between electron-transfer proteins. Science. 2005 Nov 25;310(5752):1311–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Michaelis J, Hettich C, Mlynek J, Sandoghdar V V. Optical microscopy using a single-molecule light source. Nature. 2000 May 18;405(6784):325–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hackshaw A. How to Write a Grant Application. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
Sun C, Fang F, Zhou Z-H, Yang W, Liu Z-Y, editors. Intelligence Science and Big Data Engineering: 4th International Conference, IScIDE 2013, Beijing, China, July 31 – August 2, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. XX, 908 p. 404 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 8261).
A chapter in an edited book
Walter CD. Fast Scalar Multiplication for ECC over GF(p) Using Division Chains. In: Chung Y, Yung M, editors. Information Security Applications: 11th International Workshop, WISA 2010, Jeju Island, Korea, August 24-26, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 61–75. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Vascular Surgery.

Blog post
Luntz S. Solar Storms Could Hit Earth This Friday 13th [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Food Assistance: Computerized Information Matching Could Reduce Fraud and Abuse in the Food Stamp Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Aug. Report No.: T-RCED-98-254.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aguirre I. Policy analysis of the Foster Care Independence Act of 1999 [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. From Awe (Kershaw) to Anguish (Bullpen) to Survival (Game 5). New York Times. 2016 Oct 12;B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Vascular Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Vasc. Surg.
ISSN (print)0741-5214
ISSN (online)1097-6809
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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