How to format your references using the Journal of Vascular Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Vascular Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ando K. Materials science. Seeking room-temperature ferromagnetic semiconductors. Science. 2006 Jun 30;312(5782):1883–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Devery JJ 3rd, Stephenson CRJ. Catalysis: dual catalysis at the flick of a switch. Nature. 2015 Mar 5;519(7541):42–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Palenzuela C, Lehner L, Liebling SL. Dual jets from binary black holes. Science. 2010 Aug 20;329(5994):927–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Blanchon P, Eisenhauer A, Fietzke J, Liebetrau V. Rapid sea-level rise and reef back-stepping at the close of the last interglacial highstand. Nature. 2009 Apr 16;458(7240):881–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aubry J-F, Brinzei N, Mazouni M-H. Systems Dependability Assessment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Osellame R, Cerullo G, Ramponi R, editors. Femtosecond Laser Micromachining: Photonic and Microfluidic Devices in Transparent Materials. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. XVIII, 486 p. (Topics in Applied Physics; vol. 123).
A chapter in an edited book
Boyaci B, Guldur B. The Revisions for the Gusset Plate Load Rating Approach: A Comparative Case Study. In: Caner A, Gülkan P, Mahmoud K, editors. Developments in International Bridge Engineering: Selected Papers from Istanbul Bridge Conference 2014. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 41–50. (Springer Tracts on Transportation and Traffic).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Vascular Surgery.

Blog post
Fang J. Could a Shield of Hot Air Block Shockwaves? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Head Start: Better Data and Processes Needed to Monitor Underenrollment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Dec. Report No.: GAO-04-17.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Young W. Diamagnetism of a supersonic rotating magnetized plasma [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. State Court Blocks Synagogue’s Expansion. New York Times. 2007 Feb 25;14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Vascular Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Vasc. Surg.
ISSN (print)0741-5214
ISSN (online)1097-6809
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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