How to format your references using the Journal of Vascular Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Vascular Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kormendy J. ASTRONOMY: Enhanced: Monsters at the Heart of Galaxy Formation. Science. 2000 Sep 1;289(5484):1484–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Djupedal I, Ekwall K. Molecular biology. The paradox of silent heterochromatin. Science. 2008 May 2;320(5876):624–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Martens S, Kozlov MM, McMahon HT. How synaptotagmin promotes membrane fusion. Science. 2007 May 25;316(5828):1205–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Nam KT, Kim D-W, Yoo PJ, Chiang C-Y, Meethong N, Hammond PT, et al. Virus-enabled synthesis and assembly of nanowires for lithium ion battery electrodes. Science. 2006 May 12;312(5775):885–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
De Spiegeleer J, Schoutens W, Van Hulle C. The Handbook of Hybrid Securities. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Sheen E, Karremann I, editors. Shakespeare in Cold War Europe: Conflict, Commemoration, Celebration. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016. XII, 122 p. 2 illus. (Global Shakespeares).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Sela Y, Pham MN, Shackelford TK. Do Men and Women Perform Oral Sex as Mate Retention Behavior? In: Shackelford TK, Hansen RD, editors. The Evolution of Sexuality. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 69–79. (Evolutionary Psychology).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Vascular Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Antibiotic Resistance Doesn’t Just Make Bacteria Harder To Kill – It Can Actually Make Them Stronger [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/antibiotic-resistance-doesn-t-just-make-bacteria-harder-kill-it-can-actually/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: HUD’s Fiscal Year 2011 Expenditure Plan Satisfies Statutory Conditions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 May. Report No.: GAO-12-654.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
McClimon M. A transformational approach to jazz harmony [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G. In Afghanistan, On the Road to Boston. New York Times. 2010 Apr 11;SP6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Vascular Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Vasc. Surg.
ISSN (print)0741-5214
ISSN (online)1097-6809
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Surgery

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