How to format your references using the Neuropathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuropathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Wood JL. Organic chemistry: Collaborative synthesis. Nature. 2014 May 15;509(7500):293–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Knutson BA, Hahn S. Yeast Rrn7 and human TAF1B are TFIIB-related RNA polymerase I general transcription factors. Science. 2011 Sep 16;333(6049):1637–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Gridi-Papp M, Rand AS, Ryan MJ. Animal communication: complex call production in the túngara frog. Nature. 2006 May 4;441(7089):38.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Li B, Song Z, Li Z, Wang H, Gui R, Song R. Phylogenetic variation of phytolith carbon sequestration in bamboos. Sci Rep. 2014 Apr 16;4:4710.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Murti Y, Vijayan C. Essentials of Nonlinear Optics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Decker BD, Chadwick DW, editors. Communications and Multimedia Security: 13th IFIP TC 6/TC 11 International Conference, CMS 2012, Canterbury, UK, September 3-5, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. VIII, 239 p. 57 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 7394).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Guruzu S, Xu G, Liang H. Friction-Induced Nucleation of Nanocrystals. In: Chuang T-J, Anderson PM, Wu M-K, Hsieh S, editors. Nanomechanics of Materials and Structures. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006. p. 45–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuropathology.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Chimpanzees Found To Recognize Butts In The Same Way They Recognize Faces [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/chimpanzees-found-to-recognize-butts-in-the-same-way-they-recognize-faces/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. The NASA Fiscal Year 1985 Budget Requests That Support DOD Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1984 May. Report No.: NSIAD-84-120.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Cusick JA. Does size really matter? How synchrony and size affect the dynamic of aggression between two sympatric species of dolphin in the Bahamas [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kenigsberg B. Extraterrestrial Fun, Until Someone Gets Hurt. New York Times. 2017 Mar 23;C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuropathology
AbbreviationNeuropathology
ISSN (print)0919-6544
ISSN (online)1440-1789
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Other styles