How to format your references using the Neuropathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuropathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gläser R. Catalysis: The complexity of intimacy. Nature. 2015 Dec 10;528(7581):197–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lv X, Weng J. Ternary composite of hemin, gold nanoparticles and graphene for highly efficient decomposition of hydrogen peroxide. Sci Rep. 2013 Nov 21;3:3285.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen Y, Peng R, You Z. APPLIED ORIGAMI. Origami of thick panels. Science. 2015 Jul 24;349(6246):396–400.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chen G-Y, Tang J, Zheng P, Liu Y. CD24 and Siglec-10 selectively repress tissue damage-induced immune responses. Science. 2009 Mar 27;323(5922):1722–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bennett MK. Affine and Projective Geometry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1995.
An edited book
Blesa MJ, Blum C, Raidl G, Roli A, Sampels M, editors. Hybrid Metaheuristics: 7th International Workshop, HM 2010, Vienna, Austria, October 1-2, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. X, 223 p. 43 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 6373).
A chapter in an edited book
Sugiana K. Problems and Prospects for Sustainable Regeneration of Traditional Markets in Yogyakarta City. In: Kidokoro T, Harata N, Subanu LP, Jessen J, Motte A, Seltzer EP, editors. Sustainable City Regions: Space, Place and Governance. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2008. p. 61–76. (cSUR-UT Series: Library for Sustainable Urban Regeneration).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuropathology.

Blog post
Luntz S. Cosmic Lighthouse Disappears From View. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Armored Systems Modernization: Program Inconsistent With Current Threat and Budgetary Constraints. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Jul. Report No.: NSIAD-91-254.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Britt CA. Dying in America: A historical analysis of physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B. A Princess (Maybe) With an Identity Crisis. New York Times. 2017 Apr 25;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuropathology
ISSN (print)0919-6544
ISSN (online)1440-1789
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Other styles