How to format your references using the Neuropathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuropathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier Q. Review panel assails Brussels research bureaucracy. Nature. 2000 Jul 27;406(6794):336.
A journal article with 2 authors
Butko VY, Adams PW. Quantum metallicity in a two-dimensional insulator. Nature. 2001 Jan 11;409(6817):161–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Antonovics J, Hood ME, Baker CH. Molecular virology: was the 1918 flu avian in origin? Nature. 2006 Apr 27;440(7088):E9; discussion E9-10.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ben-Chaim Y, Chanda B, Dascal N, Bezanilla F, Parnas I, Parnas H. Movement of “gating charge” is coupled to ligand binding in a G-protein-coupled receptor. Nature. 2006 Nov 2;444(7115):106–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sehgal V. Supply Chain as Strategic Asset. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Boner PJ, editor. Change and Continuity in Early Modern Cosmology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. XII, 181 p. (Archimedes, New Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology; vol. 27).
A chapter in an edited book
Allison B. Sentiment Detection Using Lexically-Based Classifiers. In: Sojka P, Horák A, Kopeček I, Pala K, editors. Text, Speech and Dialogue: 11th International Conference, TSD 2008, Brno, Czech Republic, September 8-12, 2008 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 21–8. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuropathology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Scientists Use Physics To Read Scrolls From Herculaneum – But Why Do We Care? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. U.S. Citizens Studying Medicine Abroad. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985 Dec. Report No.: 128595.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mott CR. Sun compass orientation in juvenile green sea turtles [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M. Hillary Clinton Health Panel Hears the People, Invitation Only. New York Times. 1993 Mar 13;17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuropathology
ISSN (print)0919-6544
ISSN (online)1440-1789
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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