How to format your references using the Green Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Green Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Deming, Drake. 2015. “Astronomy: A Small Star with an Earth-like Planet.” Nature 527 (7577): 169–170.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nuth, Joseph A., 3rd, and Natasha M. Johnson. 2012. “Astronomy. Complex Protostellar Chemistry.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 336 (6080): 424–425.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu, Dennis, Satoshi Amagai, and Jennifer Bricken. 2012. “Science Education. Engaging Teachers, Scientists, and Multimedia to Promote Learning.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 336 (6088): 1509.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ni, G. X., A. S. McLeod, Z. Sun, L. Wang, L. Xiong, K. W. Post, S. S. Sunku, et al. 2018. “Fundamental Limits to Graphene Plasmonics.” Nature 557 (7706): 530–533.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Beecken, William H., and Clark A. Beecken. 2017. Fraud Examination Casebook with Documents. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Weiss, Alexander, James E. King, and Lindsay Murray, eds. 2011. Personality and Temperament in Nonhuman Primates. Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Uzan, Jean-Philippe, and Bénédicte Leclercq. 2008. “Planning the Edifice: Structure of Theories.” In The Natural Laws of the Universe: Understanding Fundamental Constants, edited by Bénédicte Leclercq, 37–58. New York, NY: Praxis.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Green Letters.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Newly Developed Fatty Nanoparticles Could Be A Viable Antibiotic Alternative.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1968. Review Of Reliability Of The Air Force Personnel Data System. B-164471. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beck, Natasha A. 2017. “Mobile Apps for Cognitive Restructuring: A Review and Comparative Analysis.” Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, Susan. 2017. “Women Interrupted.” New York Times, June 15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Deming 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Deming 2015; Nuth and Johnson 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nuth and Johnson 2012)
  • Three authors: (Liu, Amagai, and Bricken 2012)
  • 4 or more authors: (Ni et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleGreen Letters
ISSN (print)1468-8417
ISSN (online)2168-1414
ScopeLiterature and Literary Theory

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