How to format your references using the Poetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Poetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2005). A global view. Nature, 435(7044), 997.
A journal article with 2 authors
Seeley, R. J., & Sandoval, D. A. (2011). Neuroscience: weight loss through smoking. Nature, 475(7355), 176–177.
A journal article with 3 authors
Quinto-Su, P. A., Suzuki, M., & Ohl, C.-D. (2014). Fast temperature measurement following single laser-induced cavitation inside a microfluidic gap. Scientific Reports, 4, 5445.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Calamia, V., Mateos, J., Fernández-Puente, P., Lourido, L., Rocha, B., Fernández-Costa, C., … Blanco, F. J. (2014). A pharmacoproteomic study confirms the synergistic effect of chondroitin sulfate and glucosamine. Scientific Reports, 4, 5069.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Krysinski, T., & Malburet, F. (2013). Mechanical Instability. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Eddahbi, M., Essaky, E. H., & Vives, J. (Eds.). (2016). Statistical Methods and Applications in Insurance and Finance: CIMPA School, Marrakech and Kelaat M’gouna, Morocco, April 2013 (Vol. 158). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Tibon-Czopp, S., & Weiner, I. B. (2016). The Rorschach Inkblot Method: Theory. In I. B. Weiner (Ed.), Rorschach Assessment of Adolescents: Theory, Research, and Practice (pp. 47–63). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Poetics.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, July 1). A Century After The Battle Of The Somme, Can We finally Explain Shell Shock? Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Compliance Status Information on Biomedical Equipment (No. T-AIMD-00-26). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nevitt, D. S. (2017). Organic Geochemical Proxies as Indicators of Paleoenvironmental Conditions and Source Sediment Provenance in the Chenier Plain, Vermilion and Cameron Parishes, Louisiana, USA (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016, October 11). Nationals Take Lead, Then Hand It to Bullpen. New York Times, p. B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Seeley & Sandoval, 2011; Smaglik, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Seeley & Sandoval, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Quinto-Su, Suzuki, & Ohl, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Calamia et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePoetics
AbbreviationPoetics (Amst.)
ISSN (print)0304-422X
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Literature and Literary Theory
Linguistics and Language

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