How to format your references using the Poetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Poetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Figer, D. F. (2005). An upper limit to the masses of stars. Nature, 434(7030), 192–194.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roach, M., & Sauermann, H. (2015). ENTREPRENEURSHIP. Founders and joiners. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6240), 1200–1201.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zeyl, C., Vanderford, T., & Carter, M. (2003). An evolutionary advantage of haploidy in large yeast populations. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5606), 555–558.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Fujisaki, J., Wu, J., Carlson, A. L., Silberstein, L., Putheti, P., Larocca, R., Gao, W., Saito, T. I., Lo Celso, C., Tsuyuzaki, H., Sato, T., Côté, D., Sykes, M., Strom, T. B., Scadden, D. T., & Lin, C. P. (2011). In vivo imaging of Treg cells providing immune privilege to the haematopoietic stem-cell niche. Nature, 474(7350), 216–219.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Corrigan, P. W., Roe, D., & Tsang, H. W. H. (2011). Challenging the Stigma of Mental Illness. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Parker, M. G. (Ed.). (2009). Cryptography and Coding: 12th IMA International Conference, Cryptography and Coding 2009, Cirencester, UK, December 15-17, 2009. Proceedings (Vol. 5921). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Brown, M. A. (2014). Worlds Enough, and Time: Musings on Foundations. In T. Müller (Ed.), Nuel Belnap on Indeterminism and Free Action (pp. 99–121). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Poetics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, March 20). Bright Aurora Spotted On Mars. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Protest of Army Contract Award for ADP Equipment (B-177278). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Howard, G. M. (2012). Roles of vitamin D and calcium in cancer and diet history [Doctoral dissertation]. Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007, March 18). A $10 Million Grant for Homes for the Homeless. New York Times, LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Figer, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Figer, 2005; Roach & Sauermann, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roach & Sauermann, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Zeyl et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Fujisaki et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titlePoetics
AbbreviationPoetics (Amst.)
ISSN (print)0304-422X
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Literature and Literary Theory
Linguistics and Language

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