How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Speech and Language Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Speech and Language Processing (TSLP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Liesbeth Venema. 2005. Schrödinger’s mousetrap. Part 3. Nature 433, 7025 (February 2005), 463.
A journal article with 2 authors
Azim Surani and Julia Tischler. 2012. Stem cells: a sporadic super state. Nature 487, 7405 (July 2012), 43–45.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kenji Matsumoto, Wataru Suzuki, and Keiji Tanaka. 2003. Neuronal correlates of goal-based motor selection in the prefrontal cortex. Science 301, 5630 (July 2003), 229–232.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mukan Ji, Chris Greening, Inka Vanwonterghem, Carlo R. Carere, Sean K. Bay, Jason A. Steen, Kate Montgomery, Thomas Lines, John Beardall, Josie van Dorst, Ian Snape, Matthew B. Stott, Philip Hugenholtz, and Belinda C. Ferrari. 2017. Atmospheric trace gases support primary production in Antarctic desert surface soil. Nature 552, 7685 (December 2017), 400–403.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
David Chappell. 2008. The JCT Intermediate Building Contracts 2005. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Norm Friesen, Carina Henriksson, and Tone Saevi (Eds.). 2012. Hermeneutic Phenomenology in Education: Method and Practice. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Eric Manoury and Rinaldo Poli. 2011. Phosphine-Containing Planar Chiral Ferrocenes: Synthesis, Coordination Chemistry and Applications to Asymmetric Catalysis. In Phosphorus Compounds: Advanced Tools in Catalysis and Material Sciences, Maurizio Peruzzini and Luca Gonsalvi (eds.). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 121–149.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Speech and Language Processing.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2014. “Dead Hearts” Successfully Transplanted For The First Time. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. NATO-Warsaw Pact: U.S. and Soviet Perspectives of the Conventional Force Balance. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jessica Harvey. 2017. Predicting Cost-Inflicting Mate Retention Tactic Use in Women with Borderline Personality Features: Examining the Roles of Maladaptive Schemas and Reactive Aggression. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ricardo Nuila. 2017. Medical Misfits. New York Times, SR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [5–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Speech and Language Processing
ISSN (print)1550-4875
ISSN (online)1550-4883

Other styles