How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Speech and Language Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Speech and Language Processing (TSLP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Douglas N. Harris. 2011. Education. Value-added measures and the future of educational accountability. Science 333, 6044 (August 2011), 826–827.
A journal article with 2 authors
Silvio O. Rizzoli and William J. Betz. 2004. The structural organization of the readily releasable pool of synaptic vesicles. Science 303, 5666 (March 2004), 2037–2039.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alessandro Zavatta, Silvia Viciani, and Marco Bellini. 2004. Quantum-to-classical transition with single-photon-added coherent states of light. Science 306, 5696 (October 2004), 660–662.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xiaohui Lv, Huihui Jiang, Baoguo Li, Qingli Liang, Shukun Wang, Qianwei Zhao, and Jianwei Jiao. 2014. The crucial role of Atg5 in cortical neurogenesis during early brain development. Sci. Rep. 4, (August 2014), 6010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
René Guinebretière. 2010. X-ray Diffraction by Polycrystalline Materials. ISTE, London, UK.
An edited book
Vincenzo Vullo. 2013. Rotors: Stress Analysis and Design. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Martin Markl. 2015. Higher Braces Via Formal (Non)Commutative Geometry. In Geometric Methods in Physics: XXXIII Workshop, Białowieża, Poland, June 29 – July 5, 2014, Piotr Kielanowski, Pierre Bieliavsky, Anatol Odzijewicz, Martin Schlichenmaier and Theodore Voronov (eds.). Springer International Publishing, Cham, 67–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Speech and Language Processing.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2015. Graphene Could Double Electricity Generated From Solar. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1972. Cost-Benefit Analysis Used in Support of the Space Shuttle Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kristina Ratzlaff. 2012. Dynamics of chytrid fungus (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis) infection in amphibians in the Rincon Mountains and Tucson, Arizona. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
John Schwartz. 2016. Large Funds Are Dropping Investments in Fossil Fuels. New York Times, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Speech and Language Processing
ISSN (print)1550-4875
ISSN (online)1550-4883

Other styles