How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Speech and Language Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Speech and Language Processing (TSLP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eric Sorenson. 2007. Gates of opportunity. Nature 447, 7143 (May 2007), 502–503.
A journal article with 2 authors
William B. Moore and A. Alexander G. Webb. 2013. Heat-pipe Earth. Nature 501, 7468 (September 2013), 501–505.
A journal article with 3 authors
David Tilman, Jason Hill, and Clarence Lehman. 2006. Carbon-negative biofuels from low-input high-diversity grassland biomass. Science 314, 5805 (December 2006), 1598–1600.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stephen R. Carpenter, Ruth DeFries, Thomas Dietz, Harold A. Mooney, Stephen Polasky, Walter V. Reid, and Robert J. Scholes. 2006. Ecology. Millennium ecosystem assessment: research needs. Science 314, 5797 (October 2006), 257–258.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ron Wells. 2004. Global Credit Management. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Peri Bradley (Ed.). 2016. Food, Media and Contemporary Culture: The Edible Image. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Ruth E. Brown and Jennifer L. Kuk. 2016. Composite Risk Scores. In Lifestyle Medicine: A Manual for Clinical Practice, Jeffrey I. Mechanick and Robert F. Kushner (eds.). Springer International Publishing, Cham, 41–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Speech and Language Processing.

Blog post
Tom Hale. 2017. Scientists Forced To Abandon Antarctic Lab For Winter Due To Growing Ice Crack. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Comments on Loan Guarantee Provisions of H.R. 13350, the 1977 Authorization Bill for the Energy Research and Development Administration. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
David R. Plumer. 2010. The relationship between earned value management metrics and customer satisfaction. Doctoral dissertation. Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Michael Forsythe and Alexandra Stevenson. 2017. Gadfly Nettles Chinese Elite From 5th Ave. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Speech and Language Processing
ISSN (print)1550-4875
ISSN (online)1550-4883

Other styles