How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Speech and Language Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Speech and Language Processing (TSLP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
John P. Moore. 2002. AIDS vaccines: on the trail of two trials. Nature 415, 6870 (January 2002), 365–366.
A journal article with 2 authors
Charalampos G. Spilianakis and Richard A. Flavell. 2006. Molecular biology. Managing associations between different chromosomes. Science 312, 5771 (April 2006), 207–208.
A journal article with 3 authors
E. W. Hill, M. A. Jobling, and D. G. Bradley. 2000. Y-chromosome variation and Irish origins. Nature 404, 6776 (March 2000), 351–352.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gungun Lin, Larysa Baraban, Luyang Han, Daniil Karnaushenko, Denys Makarov, Gianaurelio Cuniberti, and Oliver G. Schmidt. 2013. Magnetoresistive emulsion analyzer. Sci. Rep. 3, (2013), 2548.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Michael C. Khouw and Mark W. Guthner. 2016. The Options Edge + Free Trial. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kiyomi Sakai (Ed.). 2005. Terahertz Optoelectronics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
G. Treece, J. Lindop, A. Gee, and R. Prager. 2009. Near-Real-Time 3D Ultrasonic Strain Imaging. In Acoustical Imaging, Iwaki Akiyama (ed.). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 27–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Speech and Language Processing.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2015. Does Bioenergy Have A Green Energy Future In The US? IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Early Learning and Child Care: Federal Funds Support Multiple Programs with Similar Goals. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Edward P. Tyler. 2013. Tectonic geomorphology of quaternary river terraces at Santa Cruz Creek, Santa Maria Basin, Santa Barbara County, California. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Juli CHARKES; Mary Jo and Linda Saslow Contributed Reporting. 2009. A Spring Surprise: Openings in Preschools. New York Times, WE1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Speech and Language Processing
ISSN (print)1550-4875
ISSN (online)1550-4883

Other styles