How to format your references using the BMC Structural Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Structural Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Shelton JD. HIV/AIDS. ARVs as HIV prevention: a tough road to wide impact. Science. 2011;334:1645–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Fauci AS, Collins FS. Benefits and risks of influenza research: lessons learned. Science. 2012;336:1522–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Song J, Gao X, Galán JE. Structure and function of the Salmonella Typhi chimaeric A(2)B(5) typhoid toxin. Nature. 2013;499:350–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Carter AP, Garbarino JE, Wilson-Kubalek EM, Shipley WE, Cho C, Milligan RA, et al. Structure and functional role of dynein’s microtubule-binding domain. Science. 2008;322:1691–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Schepers U. RNA Interference in Practice. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2004.
An edited book
1. Eriksson Lundström JSZ, Wiberg M, Hrastinski S, Edenius M, Ågerfalk PJ, editors. Managing Open Innovation Technologies. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Silva FANG, Barbato CN, Santos RD, de Almeida DSG, Sampaio JA, Medeiros ME, et al. Mechanochemical Activation of Bauxite. In: Suarez CE, editor. Light Metals 2012. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 27–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Structural Biology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Scientists Find Direct Evidence That Atmospheric CO2 Heats Earth’s Crust. IFLScience. 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/scientists-find-direct-evidence-atmospheric-co2-heats-earth-s-crust/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Export Controls: NASA Management Action and Improved Oversight Needed to Reduce the Risk of Unauthorized Access to Its Technologies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Zehnder DW. Host-[2]Rotaxane: A Novel Molecular Machine. Doctoral dissertation. University of Cincinnati; 2003.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly DA. How to Get the Best Rate (and Avoid Fees). New York Times. 2006;:TR6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Structural Biology
AbbreviationBMC Struct. Biol.
ISSN (online)1472-6807
ScopeStructural Biology

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