How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neurocritical and Neurohospitalist Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neurocritical and Neurohospitalist Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dickson, D. (2000). Chemist tipped for top UK science post. Nature 406, 667.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weber, W. J., and Ewing, R. C. (2000). Plutonium immobilization and radiation effects. Science 289, 2051–2052.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pollitz, F. F., Wicks, C., and Thatcher, W. (2001). Mantle flow beneath a continental strike-slip fault: postseismic deformation after the 1999 Hector Mine earthquake. Science 293, 1814–1818.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bauch, D., Darling, K., Simstich, J., Bauch, H. A., Erlenkeuser, H., and Kroon, D. (2003). Palaeoceanographic implications of genetic variation in living North Atlantic Neogloboquadrina pachyderma. Nature 424, 299–302.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lagraña, F. (2016). E-mail and Behavioral Changes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sulica, L., and Blitzer, A. eds. (2006). Vocal Fold Paralysis. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Puig, L., and Guerrero, J. J. (2013). “Generic Scale-Space for a Camera Invariant Feature Extractor,” in Omnidirectional Vision Systems: Calibration, Feature Extraction and 3D Information SpringerBriefs in Computer Science., ed. J. J. Guerrero (London: Springer), 87–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neurocritical and Neurohospitalist Care.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015). Slow Motion Video Reveals How Raindrops Fall on Sand Like Asteroids. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995). Managing Technology Change: Challenges and Opportunities for the United States Senate. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Amodeo, G. A. (2009). Structural and biochemical characterization of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae AMPK homolog SNF1.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2013). Even With Yanks Hurting, There’s Usually Pain to Spare for Mets. New York Times, B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dickson, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Dickson, 2000; Weber and Ewing, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weber and Ewing, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Bauch et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neurocritical and Neurohospitalist Care
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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