How to format your references using the Neurology India citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurology India. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elvis M. Astronomy: Cosmic triangles and black-hole masses. Nature 2014;515:498–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bishopp A, Bennett MJ. Plant biology: Seeing the wood and the trees. Nature 2015;517:558–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dalton CA, Langmuir CH, Gale A. Geophysical and geochemical evidence for deep temperature variations beneath mid-ocean ridges. Science 2014;344:80–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cohen LJ, Esterhazy D, Kim S-H, Lemetre C, Aguilar RR, Gordon EA, et al. Corrigendum: Commensal bacteria make GPCR ligands that mimic human signalling molecules. Nature 2018;556:135.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Parker D. Global Real Estate Investment Trusts. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Mukhopadhyay C, Akhilesh KB, Srinivasan R, Gurtoo A, Ramachandran P, Iyer PP, et al., editors. Driving the Economy through Innovation and Entrepreneurship: Emerging Agenda for Technology Management. New Delhi: Springer India; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Cory CA. New Visualization Techniques in AEC-BIM More than Modeling. In: Cocchiarella L, editor. The Visual Language of Technique: Volume 2 - Heritage and Expectations in Research. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. page 49–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurology India.

Blog post
Luntz S. Cheap Blood Pressure Drug Cures Diabetes In Mice, Human Trials Announced [Internet]. IFLScience2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Computers: Information on the Patent and Trademark Office Automation Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hendricks ED. Teaching teachers: A study of teacher educators’ perceptions of the effect of meeting mandated NCATE standards. 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. Warm Feelings on Bleecker Street For a Rough-and-Tumble Life. New York Times2003;146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurology India
AbbreviationNeurol. India
ISSN (print)0028-3886
ISSN (online)1998-4022
ScopeClinical Neurology

Other styles