How to format your references using the Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grünbaum D. Ecology. Why did you Lévy? Science 2011;332:1514–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vollan B, Ostrom E. Social science. Cooperation and the commons. Science 2010;330:923–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Doi T, Behera SK, Yamagata T. Predictability of the Ningaloo Niño/Niña. Sci Rep 2013;3:2892.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sikora D, Rocheleau L, Brown EG, Pelchat M. Deep sequencing reveals the eight facets of the influenza A/HongKong/1/1968 (H3N2) virus cap-snatching process. Sci Rep 2014;4:6181.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Henderson TJ. Beyond Borders. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Micali G. Atlas of Male Genital Disorders: A Useful Aid for Clinical Diagnosis. Milano: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Desprez F, Talia D, Yayhapour R. CoreGRID/ERCIM Workshop on Grids, Clouds and P2P Computing – CGWS2012. In: Caragiannis I, Alexander M, Badia RM, Cannataro M, Costan A, Danelutto M, et al., editors. Euro-Par 2012: Parallel Processing Workshops: BDMC, CGWS, HeteroPar, HiBB, OMHI, Paraphrase, PROPER, Resilience, UCHPC, VHPC, Rhodes Islands, Greece, August 27-31, 2012. Revised Selected Papers, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 34–5.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. How Earth’s Atmosphere Once Looked Like Saturn’s Moon Titan. IFLScience 2017. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Advance Sheets: Volume 73, Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
RinconGallardo TJ. The effect of the use of learning journals on the development of metacognition in undergraduate students. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Krauss C. Breakdown at BP Refinery Strains Midwest Gas Prices. New York Times 2015:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
AbbreviationNeurol. Neurochir. Pol.
ISSN (print)0028-3843
ScopeClinical Neurology

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