How to format your references using the Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Evans JA. Electronic publication and the narrowing of science and scholarship. Science 2008;321:395–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kollatschny W, Zetzl M. Broad-line active galactic nuclei rotate faster than narrow-line ones. Nature 2011;470:366–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jin Z, Li P, Xiao D. Enhanced electrocatalytic performance for oxygen reduction via active interfaces of layer-by-layered titanium nitride/titanium carbonitride structures. Sci Rep 2014;4:6712.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
MacLaren RE, Pearson RA, MacNeil A, Douglas RH, Salt TE, Akimoto M, et al. Retinal repair by transplantation of photoreceptor precursors. Nature 2006;444:203–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Overhauser A. Anomalous Effects in Simple Metals. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2010.
An edited book
Reid C. Global Teachers, Australian Perspectives: Goodbye Mr Chips, Hello Ms Banerjee. Singapore: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Silva JPVD, Vieira CC. The Value of Informal Learning for Illiterate Older Women Across the Lifespan. In: Ostrouch-Kamińska J, Vieira CC, editors. Private World(s): Gender and Informal Learning of Adults, Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2015, p. 59–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska.

Blog post
Andrew E. Latest Study Breathes New Life in Case About America’s Most Controversial Archaeological Discovery. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Serious Problems Continue to Trouble the Air Traffic Control Work Force. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crivello A. DNA methylation of the interferon-gamma promoter in association with overexpression of the interferon-gamma gene in periodontal disease. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly D. STEAL THIS REVIEW. New York Times 1990:719.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
AbbreviationNeurol. Neurochir. Pol.
ISSN (print)0028-3843
ScopeClinical Neurology

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