How to format your references using the Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Conrad PG. Planetary science. Scratching the surface of martian habitability. Science 2014;346:1288–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lincoln TA, Joyce GF. Self-sustained replication of an RNA enzyme. Science 2009;323:1229–32.
A journal article with 3 authors
Visser K, Thunell R, Stott L. Magnitude and timing of temperature change in the Indo-Pacific warm pool during deglaciation. Nature 2003;421:152–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Stein E, Zou Y, Poo M, Tessier-Lavigne M. Binding of DCC by netrin-1 to mediate axon guidance independent of adenosine A2B receptor activation. Science 2001;291:1976–82.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith DA, van de Waterbeemd H, Walker DK. Pharmacokinetics and Metabolism in Drug Design: SMITH: PHARMACOKINETICS AND METABOLISM IN DRUG DESIGN O-BK. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2006.
An edited book
Weber RH. Internet of Things: Legal Perspectives. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Fabian M, Habala P, Hájek P, Montesinos V, Zizler V. Schauder Bases. In: Habala P, Hájek P, Montesinos V, Zizler V, editors. Banach Space Theory: The Basis for Linear and Nonlinear Analysis, New York, NY: Springer; 2011, p. 179–235.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska.

Blog post
Andrew E. Dancing Baby Skates! IFLScience 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. School Finance: Three States’ Experiences With Equity in School Funding. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wheeler JA. The Scaling of High Harmonics with Mid-Infrared Driving Fields and a Method for the Spatial Isolation of Individual Subfemtosecond Pulses. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Putin Reaches Out To Vatican. New York Times 2003:A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
AbbreviationNeurol. Neurochir. Pol.
ISSN (print)0028-3843
ScopeClinical Neurology

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