How to format your references using the Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Odame I. Perspective: we need a global solution. Nature 2014;515:S10.
A journal article with 2 authors
Settele J, Kühn E. Ecology. Insect conservation. Science 2009;325:41–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Attri AK, Kumar U, Jain VK. Formation of ozone by fireworks. Nature 2001;411:1015.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Laughlin G, Deming D, Langton J, Kasen D, Vogt S, Butler P, et al. Rapid heating of the atmosphere of an extrasolar planet. Nature 2009;457:562–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Levy G, Levin B. The Biostatistics of Aging. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2014.
An edited book
Rocchia W, Spagnuolo M, editors. Computational Electrostatics for Biological Applications: Geometric and Numerical Approaches to the Description of Electrostatic Interaction Between Macromolecules. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Denker M, Grün S. Designing Workflows for the Reproducible Analysis of Electrophysiological Data. In: Amunts K, Grandinetti L, Lippert T, Petkov N, editors. Brain-Inspired Computing: Second International Workshop, BrainComp 2015, Cetraro, Italy, July 6-10, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 58–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska.

Blog post
Davis J. More Sex Causes Male Burying Beetles To Evolve A Longer “Penis.” IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Joint Strike Fighter Acquisition: Cooperative Program Needs Greater Oversight to Ensure Goals Are Met. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Joseph OW. A study of the effectiveness of mentor roles in a rural school district. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. More Protection, Rest Assured. New York Times 2016:B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
AbbreviationNeurol. Neurochir. Pol.
ISSN (print)0028-3843
ScopeClinical Neurology

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