How to format your references using the Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McEwen BS. Neuroscience. Hormones and the social brain. Science 2013;339:279–80.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schorlemmer D, Wiemer S. Earth science: microseismicity data forecast rupture area. Nature 2005;434:1086.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kumada N, Muraki K, Hirayama Y. Low-frequency spin dynamics in a canted antiferromagnet. Science 2006;313:329–32.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Stuber N, Forster P, Rädel G, Shine K. The importance of the diurnal and annual cycle of air traffic for contrail radiative forcing. Nature 2006;441:864–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Habib MAR. Literary Criticism from Plato to the Present. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
Wyn J, Cahill H, editors. Handbook of Children and Youth Studies. Singapore: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Falcone A. Synthetic Biology, Biotechnology Patents and the Protection of Human Health. A Consideration of the Principals at Stake. In: de Miguel Beriain I, Romeo Casabona CM, editors. Synbio and Human Health: A Challenge to the Current IP Framework?, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014, p. 55–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska.

Blog post
Andrew E. Baby Beluga Whale Born At Georgia Aquarium Has Died. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Improvements Needed in the Tennessee Valley Authority’s Management and Use of Its Automatic Data Processing Resources. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liao X. Creative Learning for Intelligent Robots. Doctoral dissertation. University of Cincinnati, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
James G. Talking and Driving: Growing Road Menace? New York Times 2000:14NJ1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
AbbreviationNeurol. Neurochir. Pol.
ISSN (print)0028-3843
ScopeClinical Neurology

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