How to format your references using the Frontiers in Gastrointestinal Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Gastrointestinal Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Andelman, S. J. (2011). Conservation science outside the comfort zone. Nature 475, 290–291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hattori, M., and Gouaux, E. (2012). Molecular mechanism of ATP binding and ion channel activation in P2X receptors. Nature 485, 207–212.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fenton, L. K., Geissler, P. E., and Haberle, R. M. (2007). Global warming and climate forcing by recent albedo changes on Mars. Nature 446, 646–649.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kolber, Z. S., Van Dover, C. L., Niederman, R. A., and Falkowski, P. G. (2000). Bacterial photosynthesis in surface waters of the open ocean. Nature 407, 177–179.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Petrucelli, J. R., and Peters, J. R. (2016). Preventing Fraud and Mismanagement in Government. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tan, A.-G., and Perleth, C. eds. (2015). Creativity, Culture, and Development. 1st ed. 2015. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Beers, P. J., and Bots, P. W. G. (2007). “Conceptual Analysis of Interdisciplinary Scientific Work,” in Modeling and Using Context: 6th International and Interdisciplinary Conference, CONTEXT 2007, Roskilde, Denmark, August 20-24, 2007. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. B. Kokinov, D. C. Richardson, T. R. Roth-Berghofer, and L. Vieu (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 43–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Gastrointestinal Sciences.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2016). Gene For Temperature Sex Switch In Turtles Identified. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/gene-temperature-sex-switch-turtles-identified/ [Accessed October 30, 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1974). Partial Report-in-Depth Investigation Into Independent Research and Development and Bid and Proposal Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Manley Lima, M. C. (2014). Commuter Students’ Social Integration: The Relationship Between Involvement in Extracurricular Activities and Sense of Belonging.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. (2016). In a First, Graphic Novelist Is National Envoy for Children’s Literature. New York Times, C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Andelman, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Andelman, 2011; Hattori and Gouaux, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hattori and Gouaux, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Kolber et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Gastrointestinal Sciences
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
ScopePhysiology
Physiology (medical)

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