How to format your references using the Acupuncture and Related Therapies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acupuncture and Related Therapies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Mace, Anthropology. On becoming modern, Science. 324 (2009) 1280–1281.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Meselson, D. Mark Welch, Evolution. Stable heterozygosity?, Science. 318 (2007) 202–203.
A journal article with 3 authors
L.M. Beskow, L. Dame, E.J. Costello, Research ethics. Certificates of confidentiality and compelled disclosure of data, Science. 322 (2008) 1054–1055.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H.E. Esch, S. Zhang, M.V. Srinivasan, J. Tautz, Honeybee dances communicate distances measured by optic flow, Nature. 411 (2001) 581–583.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L.J. Brillson, An Essential Guide to Electronic Material Surfaces and Interfaces, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
F. Assadi, Pediatric Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy: Principles and Practice, 1st ed. 2016, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
C.H. Holbrow, J.N. Lloyd, J.C. Amato, E. Galvez, M.E. Parks, Gas Laws, in: J.N. Lloyd, J.C. Amato, E. Galvez, M.E. Parks (Eds.), Modern Introductory Physics, Springer, New York, NY, 2010: pp. 83–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acupuncture and Related Therapies.

Blog post
J. Davis, HIV-Infected Organs Transplanted For The First Time In The U.K, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Consolidation of American Forces Radio and Television Service--Washington and Los Angeles Broadcasting Facilities, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.J. Monk, Effects of distractors and force feedback on an aimed movement task in a CDTI environment, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
W. Neuman, Peace-Talk Critic Takes Lead in Colombia Presidential Vote, New York Times. (2014) A3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAcupuncture and Related Therapies
AbbreviationAcupunct. Relat. Ther.
ISSN (print)2211-7660

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