How to format your references using the Neuroethics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroethics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hunter-Schaedle, Kim. 2015. When science fails a scientist. Science (New York, N.Y.) 349: 1134.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tedford, Richard H., and C. Richard Harington. 2003. An Arctic mammal fauna from the Early Pliocene of North America. Nature 425: 388–390.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stebe, Kathleen J., Eric Lewandowski, and Moniraj Ghosh. 2009. Materials science. Oriented assembly of metamaterials. Science (New York, N.Y.) 325: 159–160.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Koike, Naoto, Dai Fukumura, Oliver Gralla, Patrick Au, Jeffrey S. Schechner, and Rakesh K. Jain. 2004. Tissue engineering: creation of long-lasting blood vessels. Nature 428: 138–139.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Henderson, G. Robin. 2011. Six Sigma Quality Improvement with Minitab. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Baxley, Traci P. 2014. (In)visible Presence: Feminist Counter-Narratives of Young Adult Literature by Women of Color. Edited by Genyne Henry Boston. Vol. 102. Transgressions, Cultural Studies and Education. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
San Cristóbal, José Ramón. 2013. A Multi-Attribute Model for Wind Farm Location Combining Cloud and Utility Theories. In Assessment and Simulation Tools for Sustainable Energy Systems: Theory and Applications, ed. Fausto Cavallaro, 93–105. Green Energy and Technology. London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroethics.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2015. Birds Go Nuts Choosing Most Promising Shell. IFLScience. IFLScience. May 27.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Financial Problems in the Stafford Student Loan Program. T-HRD-90-52. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, Kelly A. 2010. Impact of animal assisted therapy reading instruction on reading performance of homeschooled students. Doctoral dissertation, Scottsdale, AZ: Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, Kelly. 2006. QUICK BITE/Cranford; Endless Options in a Wrap. New York Times, November 12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroethics
ISSN (print)1874-5490
ISSN (online)1874-5504
ScopeHealth Policy
Psychiatry and Mental health

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