How to format your references using the Neuroethics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroethics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Arntzen, Charles J. 2008. Plant science. Using tobacco to treat cancer. Science (New York, N.Y.) 321: 1052–1053.
A journal article with 2 authors
Selby, David, and Robert A. Creaser. 2005. Direct radiometric dating of hydrocarbon deposits using rhenium-osmium isotopes. Science (New York, N.Y.) 308: 1293–1295.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vassilopoulos, George, Pei-Rong Wang, and David W. Russell. 2003. Transplanted bone marrow regenerates liver by cell fusion. Nature 422: 901–904.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhang, Yuanjian, Zoë Schnepp, Junyu Cao, Shuxin Ouyang, Ying Li, Jinhua Ye, and Songqin Liu. 2013. Biopolymer-activated graphitic carbon nitride towards a sustainable photocathode material. Scientific reports 3: 2163.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hood, Dave, and Elmar Trojer. 2012. Gigabit-Capable Passive Optical Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Jenssen, Till, ed. 2013. Glances at Renewable and Sustainable Energy: Principles, approaches and methodologies for an ambiguous benchmark. Green Energy and Technology. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
vanVliet, Petra C. J., and Paul F. Hendrix. 2004. Role of Fauna in Soil Physical Processes. In Soil Biological Fertility: A Key to Sustainable Land Use in Agriculture, ed. Lynette K. Abbott and Daniel V. Murphy, 61–80. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroethics.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2016. This Easy Online Breathlessness Test Can Check If You Might Have A Chronic Illness. IFLScience. IFLScience. July 19.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Strong Leadership and Partnerships Needed to Mitigate Risk of Major Disruptions. T-AIMD-98-262. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Graber, Matthew E. 2013. Best practices in enhancement deals: Nonprofit and for profit theatrical collaborations. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2010. Stars as Teammates: Not a New Concept. New York Times, July 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroethics
ISSN (print)1874-5490
ISSN (online)1874-5504
ScopeHealth Policy
Psychiatry and Mental health

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