How to format your references using the Neuroethics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroethics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Breaker, Ronald R. 2004. Natural and engineered nucleic acids as tools to explore biology. Nature 432: 838–845.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gourmelen, Noel, and Falk Amelung. 2005. Postseismic mantle relaxation in the Central Nevada Seismic Belt. Science (New York, N.Y.) 310: 1473–1476.
A journal article with 3 authors
Luo, Minmin, Michale S. Fee, and Lawrence C. Katz. 2003. Encoding pheromonal signals in the accessory olfactory bulb of behaving mice. Science (New York, N.Y.) 299: 1196–1201.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Berthier, L., G. Biroli, J-P Bouchaud, L. Cipelletti, D. El Masri, D. L’Hôte, F. Ladieu, and M. Pierno. 2005. Direct experimental evidence of a growing length scale accompanying the glass transition. Science (New York, N.Y.) 310: 1797–1800.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaplan, Wilfred. 1998. Maxima and Minima with Applications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Delgado, João M. P. Q. 2013. Hygrothermal Numerical Simulation Tools Applied to Building Physics. Edited by Eva Barreira, Nuno M. M. Ramos, and Vasco Peixoto de Freitas. SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jézéquel, Jean-Marc, Olivier Barais, and Franck Fleurey. 2011. Model Driven Language Engineering with Kermeta. In Generative and Transformational Techniques in Software Engineering III: International Summer School, GTTSE 2009, Braga, Portugal, July 6-11, 2009. Revised Papers, ed. João M. Fernandes, Ralf Lämmel, Joost Visser, and João Saraiva, 201–221. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroethics.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. New Virus Kills One Man In USA. IFLScience. IFLScience. February 23.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Aviation Security: Preliminary Observations on TSA’s Progress to Allow Airports to Use Private Passenger and Baggage Screening Services. GAO-05-126. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bleviss, Carmi. 2009. Constructing competence: Normalization and self-determination for people with developmental disabilities. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, Mary Williams. 2011. Panel to Scrutinize Causes Behind Weak State Budgets. New York Times, June 24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroethics
ISSN (print)1874-5490
ISSN (online)1874-5504
ScopeHealth Policy
Psychiatry and Mental health

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