How to format your references using the Neuroethics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroethics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, Richard J. 2003. Evolution. Sex, sunflowers, and speciation. Science (New York, N.Y.) 301: 1189–1190.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bahr, Karsten, and Fiona Simpson. 2002. Electrical anisotropy below slow- and fast-moving plates: paleoflow in the upper mantle? Science (New York, N.Y.) 295: 1270–1272.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wild, K., I. Sinning, and S. Cusack. 2001. Crystal structure of an early protein-RNA assembly complex of the signal recognition particle. Science (New York, N.Y.) 294: 598–601.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lu, Cuicui, Xiaoyong Hu, Hong Yang, and Qihuang Gong. 2013. Integrated all-optical logic discriminators based on plasmonic bandgap engineering. Scientific reports 3: 2778.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deichmann, Ute. 2005. Flüchten, Mitmachen, Vergessen. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Okada, Alexandra, Simon Buckingham Shum, and Tony Sherborne, ed. 2008. Knowledge Cartography: Software Tools and Mapping Techniques. Advanced Information and Knowledge Processing. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Menon, A. G. Krishna. 2015. Between the Colonial, the Global, and the Local—Civilizing India’s Past under Different Regimes. In Cultural Heritage as Civilizing Mission: From Decay to Recovery, ed. Michael Falser, 67–82. Transcultural Research – Heidelberg Studies on Asia and Europe in a Global Context. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroethics.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2016. Microsoft Pays Out $10,000 After Unwanted Windows 10 Update. IFLScience. IFLScience. June 29.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Surface Transportation: States Are Experimenting With Design-Build Contracting. RCED-97-138R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ferris, Ryan J. 2014. Numerical investigations of flow past a partially rotating stepped cylinder. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, Susan. 2016. Ugly Campaign Descended Into a Battle of Two Caricatures. New York Times, November 9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroethics
ISSN (print)1874-5490
ISSN (online)1874-5504
ScopeHealth Policy
Psychiatry and Mental health

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