How to format your references using the Neuroethics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroethics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bosch, X. 2000. Spanish postgrads push for better employment rights. Nature 405: 723.
A journal article with 2 authors
Russell, E. V., and N. E. Israeloff. 2000. Direct observation of molecular cooperativity near the glass transition. Nature 408: 695–698.
A journal article with 3 authors
Erickson, G. M., K. C. Rogers, and S. A. Yerby. 2001. Dinosaurian growth patterns and rapid avian growth rates. Nature 412: 429–433.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Riller, Ulrich, Michael H. Poelchau, Auriol S. P. Rae, Felix M. Schulte, Gareth S. Collins, H. Jay Melosh, Richard A. F. Grieve, et al. 2018. Author Correction: Rock fluidization during peak-ring formation of large impact structures. Nature.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bajorski, Peter. 2011. Statistics for Imaging, Optics, and Photonics: Bajorski/Statistics for Imaging. Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Parker, Austin. 2014. Data-driven Generation of Policies. Edited by Gerardo I. Simari, Amy Sliva, and V. S. Subrahmanian. SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Johnson, Benjamin, Aron Laszka, and Jens Grossklags. 2015. Games of Timing for Security in Dynamic Environments. In Decision and Game Theory for Security: 6th International Conference, GameSec 2015, London, UK, November 4-5, 2015, Proceedings, ed. Mhr Khouzani, Emmanouil Panaousis, and George Theodorakopoulos, 57–73. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroethics.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2016. Locals Blamed Demons For The Wave Of Deaths In India’s “Suicide Village”, But Scientists Have A Different Explanation. IFLScience. IFLScience. May 9.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Information Technology: Management Improvements Needed on Immigration and Customs Enforcement’s Infrastructure Modernization Program. GAO-05-805. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCarthy, Audrey C. 2012. Tangle towns tie-breaker: A multidimensional knapsack study. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hyduk, John. 2016. Looking to Take a City Where Grubb and Speed Never Did. New York Times, October 25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroethics
ISSN (print)1874-5490
ISSN (online)1874-5504
ScopeHealth Policy
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles