How to format your references using the Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Burrows M. Biomechanics: froghopper insects leap to new heights. Nature. 2003;424(6948):509.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
McLaughlin S, Murray D. Plasma membrane phosphoinositide organization by protein electrostatics. Nature. 2005;438(7068):605-611.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Mavrodiev P, Tessone CJ, Schweitzer F. Quantifying the effects of social influence. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1360.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Kuhn JR, Armstrong JD, Bush RI, Scherrer P. Rossby waves on the Sun as revealed by solar “hills.” Nature. 2000;405(6786):544-546.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Orchin M, Macomber RS, Pinhas AR, Wilson RM. The Vocabulary and Concepts of Organic Chemistry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Trozak DJ. Dermatology Skills for Primary Care: An Illustrated Guide. (Tennenhouse DJ, Russell JJ, eds.). Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Albritton KH, Eden T. Access to Care Before and During Therapy. In: Bleyer WA, Barr RD, eds. Cancer in Adolescents and Young Adults. Pediatric Oncology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007:61-69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. How Many Locusts Does It Take To Start A Biblical Plague? Just Three. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/how-many-locusts-does-it-take-start-biblical-plague-just-three/. Published November 9, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. A Bibliography of Documents Issued by the GAO on Matters Related to: ADP, IRM and Telecommunications. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Johnston JS. Echo in Three Acts: The Lost Historical Subject in (Dis)articulation. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Paulson M. Artistic Director Leaves The Labyrinth Theater. New York Times. June 23, 2017:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Tradit. Chin. Med. Sci.
ISSN (print)2095-7548
Scope

Other styles