How to format your references using the Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marais R. RETROSPECTIVE. Christopher Marshall (1949-2015). Science. 2015;350(6264):1040.
A journal article with 2 authors
Conley ME, Fruman DA. Genetics. Can cancer drugs treat immunodeficiency? Science. 2013;342(6160):814-815.
A journal article with 3 authors
Verma T, Araújo NAM, Herrmann HJ. Revealing the structure of the world airline network. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5638.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ganin AY, Takabayashi Y, Jeglic P, et al. Polymorphism control of superconductivity and magnetism in Cs(3)C(60) close to the Mott transition. Nature. 2010;466(7303):221-225.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bitam S, Mellouk A. Bio-Inspired Routing Protocols for Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Feldman EL. Atlas of Neuromuscular Diseases: A Practical Guideline. (Grisold W, Russell JW, Zifko UA, eds.). Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Dereziński J. Quadratic Hamiltonians and Their Renormalization. In: Janas J, Kurasov P, Naboko S, Laptev A, Stolz G, eds. Methods of Spectral Analysis in Mathematical Physics: Conference on Operator Theory, Analysis and Mathematical Physics (OTAMP) 2006, Lund, Sweden. Birkhäuser; 2009:89-102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew E. Do Aliens Exist? SETI Video Explores The Chances Of Making First Contact. IFLScience. Published July 28, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Education of Homeless Students: Improved Program Oversight Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shah RA. Who Am I? A Biracial and Interfaith Woman’s Perspective: A Personal Narrative. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz J. Irma’s Shifting Forecasts: Probability and Uncertainty, With Room for Improvement. New York Times. September 10, 2017:A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Tradit. Chin. Med. Sci.
ISSN (print)2095-7548

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