How to format your references using the Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gillespie R. Community assembly through adaptive radiation in Hawaiian spiders. Science. 2004;303(5656):356-359.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sander PM, Klein N. Developmental plasticity in the life history of a prosauropod dinosaur. Science. 2005;310(5755):1800-1802.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meierbachtol T, Harper J, Humphrey N. Basal drainage system response to increasing surface melt on the Greenland ice sheet. Science. 2013;341(6147):777-779.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Joughin I, Das SB, King MA, Smith BE, Howat IM, Moon T. Seasonal speedup along the western flank of the Greenland Ice Sheet. Science. 2008;320(5877):781-783.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Equipment Testing Procedures Committee. Centrifugal Pumps (Newtonian Liquids). John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2002.
An edited book
Pach J, ed. Thirty Essays on Geometric Graph Theory. Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Heun MK, Carbajales-Dale M, Haney BR. Stocks and Flows of Embodied Energy. In: Carbajales-Dale M, Haney BR, eds. Beyond GDP: National Accounting in the Age of Resource Depletion. Lecture Notes in Energy. Springer International Publishing; 2015:91-107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew E. Disco Clam Puts On Flashing Light Show To Scare Off Predators. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Highway Trust Fund: Overview of Highway Trust Fund Estimates. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Magnus JV. Female Police Officers: The Influence of a Masculine Culture. Doctoral dissertation. Northcentral University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mackay IP. SAFE DEMOCRACY. New York Times. September 21, 1919:Editorial37.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Tradit. Chin. Med. Sci.
ISSN (print)2095-7548

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