How to format your references using the Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Schier AF. The maternal-zygotic transition: death and birth of RNAs. Science. 2007;316(5823):406-407.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Corma A, Serna P. Chemoselective hydrogenation of nitro compounds with supported gold catalysts. Science. 2006;313(5785):332-334.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Wang TT, Parides MK, Palese P. Seroevidence for H5N1 influenza infections in humans: meta-analysis. Science. 2012;335(6075):1463.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Chen A, Weigand M, Bi Z, et al. Evolution of microstructure, strain and physical properties in oxide nanocomposite films. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5426.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bartlett K. The Experience of History. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Doulamis A, Mambretti J, Tomkos I, Varvarigou T, eds. Networks for Grid Applications: Third International ICST Conference, GridNets 2009, Athens, Greece, September 8-9, 2009, Revised Selected Papers. Vol 25. Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Walber T, Scherp A, Staab S. Can You See It? Two Novel Eye-Tracking-Based Measures for Assigning Tags to Image Regions. In: Li S, Saddik AE, Wang M, et al., eds. Advances in Multimedia Modeling: 19th International Conference, MMM 2013, Huangshan, China, January 7-9, 2013, Proceedings, Part I. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2013:36-46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Evans K. Contrary To Popular Belief, Smiling Makes You Look Older. IFLScience. Published May 10, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/contrary-to-popular-belief-smiling-makes-you-look-older/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Medicaid: Graduate Medical Education Payments. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Sener AC. Uncertainty analysis of geothermal energy economics. Published online 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Dargis M, Poniewozik J. Not Exactly Your Simple Sequel. New York Times. August 31, 2017:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Tradit. Chin. Med. Sci.
ISSN (print)2095-7548
Scope

Other styles