How to format your references using the Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Bourzac K. Water: The flow of technology. Nature. 2013;501(7468):S4-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ramirez Rozzi FV, Bermudez De Castro JM. Surprisingly rapid growth in Neanderthals. Nature. 2004;428(6986):936-939.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bhagat D, Samanta SK, Bhattacharya S. Efficient management of fruit pests by pheromone nanogels. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1294.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Wilson CW, Nguyen CT, Chen M-H, et al. Fused has evolved divergent roles in vertebrate Hedgehog signalling and motile ciliogenesis. Nature. 2009;459(7243):98-102.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Paoluzzi A, Pascucci V, Vicentino M, Baldazzi C, Portuesi S. Geometric Programming for Computer-Aided Design. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Huang J, Kowalczyk R, Maamar Z, et al., eds. Service-Oriented Computing: Agents, Semantics, and Engineering: AAMAS 2007 International Workshop, SOCASE 2007, Honolulu, HI, USA, May 14, 2007. Proceedings. Vol 4504. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Iosifidis P, Wheeler M. Western Media Policy Frameworks and Values. In: Wheeler M, ed. Public Spheres and Mediated Social Networks in the Western Context and Beyond. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016:65-92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Pesky Beetle Destroys Coffee Crops Thanks to Caffeine-Detoxing Gut Microbes. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. School Technology: Five School Districts’ Experiences in Funding Technology Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Rendleman AJ. Energetics of Physiological Plasticity during Larval Development of the Sand Dollar, Dendraster Excentricus. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly M. Man in the News; A Master of the Image: David Richmond Gergen. New York Times. May 30, 1993:122.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Tradit. Chin. Med. Sci.
ISSN (print)2095-7548
Scope

Other styles