How to format your references using the Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eagleman DM. Neuroscience. The where and when of intention. Science. 2004;303(5661):1144-1146.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lieberman MD, Eisenberger NI. Neuroscience. Pains and pleasures of social life. Science. 2009;323(5916):890-891.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vinther J, Van Roy P, Briggs DEG. Machaeridians are Palaeozoic armoured annelids. Nature. 2008;451(7175):185-188.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Luchtmann M, Beuing O, Skalej M, et al. Gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography in brain death. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3659.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dodson B, Hammett PC, Klerx R. Probabilistic Design for Optimization and Robustness for Engineers. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Benson T. Principles of Health Interoperability: SNOMED CT, HL7 and FHIR. 3rd ed. 2016. (Grieve G, ed.). Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Nagatsuka T, Ichimura K, Ito Y, Yamahara M, Toyooka T. Filters and Films for Liquid Crystal Devices. In: Koide N, ed. The Liquid Crystal Display Story: 50 Years of Liquid Crystal R&D That Lead The Way to the Future. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2014:81-116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Awesome Video Shows Body Doing Yoga In An X-ray Machine. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: FTA Could Relieve New Starts Program Funding Constraints. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hernandez AN. Connecting the Community: A Grant Proposal. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ember S. An Era’s End. New York Times. September 18, 2017:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Tradit. Chin. Med. Sci.
ISSN (print)2095-7548

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