How to format your references using the Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lessler J. Immunology. Charting the life-course epidemiology of influenza. Science. 2014;346(6212):919-920.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aβmann M, Bayer M. Compressive adaptive computational ghost imaging. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1545.
A journal article with 3 authors
Montrose K, Yang Y, Krissansen GW. The tetrapeptide core of the carrier peptide Xentry is cell-penetrating: novel activatable forms of Xentry. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4900.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Anderson RM, Bitterman KJ, Wood JG, Medvedik O, Sinclair DA. Nicotinamide and PNC1 govern lifespan extension by calorie restriction in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Nature. 2003;423(6936):181-185.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rios Insua D, Ruggeri F, Wiper MP. Bayesian Analysis of Stochastic Process Models: Ruggeri/Bayesian Analysis of Stochastic Process Models. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Lane TE, Carson M, Bergmann C, Wyss-Coray T, eds. Central Nervous System Diseases and Inflammation. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Bleher PM. Exact Solution of the Six-Vertex Model with Domain Wall Boundary Conditions. In: Sidoravičius V, ed. New Trends in Mathematical Physics: Selected Contributions of the XVth International Congress on Mathematical Physics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009:59-72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences.

Blog post
Davis J. Arctic Tern Smashes Record For Longest Migration Ever By Flying 96,000 Kilometers. IFLScience. Published June 7, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: FAA Can Help Ensure That Airports’ Access Control Systems Are Cost-Effective. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Simmons-Johnson N. The path to graduation: A model interactive Web site design supporting doctoral students. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Herrman J, Maheshwari S. Facebook Overstated Video Views. New York Times. September 24, 2016:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Tradit. Chin. Med. Sci.
ISSN (print)2095-7548

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