How to format your references using the Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Billups K. Climate science: timing is everything during deglaciations. Nature. 2015;522(7555):163-164.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Wiseman BS, Werb Z. Stromal effects on mammary gland development and breast cancer. Science. 2002;296(5570):1046-1049.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bhalla US, Ram PT, Iyengar R. MAP kinase phosphatase as a locus of flexibility in a mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling network. Science. 2002;297(5583):1018-1023.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Morey M, Yee SK, Herman T, Nern A, Blanco E, Zipursky SL. Coordinate control of synaptic-layer specificity and rhodopsins in photoreceptor neurons. Nature. 2008;456(7223):795-799.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Habib MAR. Literary Criticism from Plato to the Present. Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Ibrahimbegovic A, ed. Computational Methods for Solids and Fluids: Multiscale Analysis, Probability Aspects and Model Reduction. Vol 41. 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Antonucci E. Wind in the Solar Corona: Dynamics and Composition. In: Baker DN, Klecker B, Schwartz SJ, Schwenn R, Steiger RV, eds. Solar Dynamics and Its Effects on the Heliosphere and Earth. Space Sciences Series of ISSI. Springer; 2007:35-50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. The Red Area Of This Map Represents Where 5% Of The World’s Entire Population Lives. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Follow Up of Sanitary Conditions in Selected Food Industries. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Luna M. A Case Study of the Influence of Multipurpose Spaces on Campus Life at an Institution of Art and Design. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Ortved J. In Brooklyn, a Hunt For the Perfect Fit. New York Times. August 2, 2017:D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Tradit. Chin. Med. Sci.
ISSN (print)2095-7548
Scope

Other styles