How to format your references using the Matrix Biology Plus citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Matrix Biology Plus. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Kamionkowski, Astrophysics: Gravity ripples chased, Nature. 460 (2009) 964–965.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.M. Winslow, G.R. Crabtree, Immunology. Decoding calcium signaling, Science. 307 (2005) 56–57.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Kearns, S. Suri, N. Montfort, An experimental study of the coloring problem on human subject networks, Science. 313 (2006) 824–827.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P. Neumann, N. Koeniger, G. Koeniger, S. Tingek, P. Kryger, R.F. Moritz, Home-site fidelity in migratory honeybees, Nature. 406 (2000) 474–475.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. zur Hausen, Infections Causing Human Cancer, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG, 2006.
An edited book
M.N. Bahadori, Wind Towers: Architecture, Climate and Sustainability, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Wang, X. Ding, R.H. Deng, F. Bao, Private Information Retrieval Using Trusted Hardware, in: D. Gollmann, J. Meier, A. Sabelfeld (Eds.), Computer Security – ESORICS 2006: 11th European Symposium on Research in Computer Security, Hamburg, Germany, September 18-20, 2006. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006: pp. 49–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Matrix Biology Plus.

Blog post
R. Andrews, Scientists Confirm World’s Largest Ice Sheet Is Melting Rapidly From Below, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Trainer Aircraft: Plans to Replace the Existing Fleet, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A.S. Farooq, Singing the blues: Indicators of mental illness among nursing home elderly, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Rothenberg, An Upstart Relishes, and Rues, a Showcase, New York Times. (2017) B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMatrix Biology Plus
ISSN (print)2590-0285

Other styles