How to format your references using the Matrix Biology Plus citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Matrix Biology Plus. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Clyne, Industry and interns. The intern experience, Nature. 431 (2004) 612.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. Tilman, E.C. Snell-Rood, Ecology: Diversity breeds complementarity, Nature. 515 (2014) 44–45.
A journal article with 3 authors
E.T. Brown, P. Molnar, D.L. Bourlès, Comment on “Slip-rate measurements on the Karakorum Fault may imply secular variations in fault motion,” Science. 309 (2005) 1326; author reply 1326.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Peter, M. De Chiara, A. Friedrich, J.-X. Yue, D. Pflieger, A. Bergström, A. Sigwalt, B. Barre, K. Freel, A. Llored, C. Cruaud, K. Labadie, J.-M. Aury, B. Istace, K. Lebrigand, P. Barbry, S. Engelen, A. Lemainque, P. Wincker, G. Liti, J. Schacherer, Genome evolution across 1,011 Saccharomyces cerevisiae isolates, Nature. 556 (2018) 339–344.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Glisic, Advanced Wireless Networks, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
N.T. Nguyen, ed., Transactions on Computational Collective Intelligence VII, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Enderling, Cancer Stem Cells and Tumor Dormancy, in: H. Enderling, N. Almog, L. Hlatky (Eds.), Systems Biology of Tumor Dormancy, Springer, New York, NY, 2013: pp. 55–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Matrix Biology Plus.

Blog post
K. Evans, Aerial Survey Shows Huge Pacific “Garbage Patch” Is Even Bigger Than Thought, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Access to Arts Education: Inclusion of Additional Questions in Education’s Planned Research Would Help Explain Why Instruction Time Has Decreased for Some Students, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Huynhle, High-Fat Diet-Induced Obesity Increases Resilience against Gram-Negative Bacterial Infection in Drosophila Larvae, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Hollander, HARVARD 37, FORDHAM 30, New York Times. (1999) 83.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMatrix Biology Plus
ISSN (print)2590-0285

Other styles