How to format your references using the Neuroendocrinology Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroendocrinology Letters (NEL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1 Cyranoski D (2003). Critics slam treatment for SARS as ineffective and perhaps dangerous. Nature. 423(6935): 4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1 Sakaguchi S & Powrie F (2007). Emerging challenges in regulatory T cell function and biology. Science. 317(5838): 627–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1 Whitney D, Westwood DA & Goodale MA (2003). The influence of visual motion on fast reaching movements to a stationary object. Nature. 423(6942): 869–73.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1 Cordier P, Tournilhac F, Soulié-Ziakovic C & Leibler L (2008). Self-healing and thermoreversible rubber from supramolecular assembly. Nature. 451(7181): 977–80.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1 Murphy DB & Davidson MW (2012). Fundamentals of Light Microscopy and Electronic Imaging. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
1 Tymieniecka A-T, editor (2005). Human Creation between Reality and Illusion. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
1 Erlebach T & Radoja M (2015). Further Results on Capacitated Network Design Games. In: M. Hoefer, editor. Algorithmic Game Theory: 8th International Symposium, SAGT 2015, Saarbrücken, Germany, September 28-30, 2015. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science,. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg. p. 57–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroendocrinology Letters.

Blog post
1 Andrew E (2015). Dwarf Galaxy Suddenly Produces Dazzling Star Clusters. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1 Government Accountability Office (2010). Propane and Heating Oil: Federal Oversight of the Propane Education and Research Council and National Oilheat Research Alliance Should Be Strengthened. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1 Breska J (2013). Mentoring for juvenile gang members and at-risk youth: A grant proposal project. California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1 Crow K (2001). Plan for a Bryant Park Carousel Comes Around Yet Again. New York Times: 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cyranoski 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Cyranoski 2003; Sakaguchi & Powrie 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sakaguchi & Powrie 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Cordier et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroendocrinology Letters
ISSN (print)0172-780X
ISSN (online)2354-4716

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