How to format your references using the Neuroendocrinology Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroendocrinology Letters (NEL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1 Perez R (2012). Chemistry. Discriminating chemical bonds. Science. 337(6100): 1305–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1 Kishore S & Stamm S (2006). The snoRNA HBII-52 regulates alternative splicing of the serotonin receptor 2C. Science. 311(5758): 230–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1 Aizen MA, Sabatino M & Tylianakis JM (2012). Specialization and rarity predict nonrandom loss of interactions from mutualist networks. Science. 335(6075): 1486–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1 Peters HP, Brossard D, de Cheveigné S, et al. (2008). Science communication. Interactions with the mass media. Science. 321(5886): 204–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1 Remy J-G & Letamendia C (2014). LTE Services. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
1 Srivastava A (2016). Functional and Shape Data Analysis. E.P. Klassen, editor. Springer: New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
1 Brown M & Chung KC (2016). Setting Priorities: The Timing and Indications for Rheumatoid Surgical Procedures. In: K.C. Chung, editor. Clinical Management of the Rheumatoid Hand, Wrist, and Elbow. Springer International Publishing: Cham. p. 31–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroendocrinology Letters.

Blog post
1 Taub B (2016). Scientists Discover How To “Switch On” Immune Cells. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1 Government Accountability Office (2006). Information Security: Coordination of Federal Cyber Security Research and Development. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1 Peters A (2009). The mark of gender: Depicting power and the female body in colonial Peru. California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1 Kishkovsky S (2002). Russian Novelist Scoffs at Post-Soviet Leaders. New York Times: 114.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Perez 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Kishore & Stamm 2006; Perez 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kishore & Stamm 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Peters et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroendocrinology Letters
ISSN (print)0172-780X
ISSN (online)2354-4716

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