How to format your references using the Neuroendocrinology Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroendocrinology Letters (NEL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1 Maxmen A (2013). Drug development: A combined effort. Nature. 502(7470): S4-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1 Hekimi S & Guarente L (2003). Genetics and the specificity of the aging process. Science. 299(5611): 1351–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1 Thomas JA, Simcox DJ & Clarke RT (2009). Successful conservation of a threatened Maculinea butterfly. Science. 325(5936): 80–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1 Lan H, Chen H, Chen L-C, et al. (2014). The first report of a Pelecaniformes defensin cluster: characterization of β-defensin genes in the crested ibis based on BAC libraries. Sci Rep. 4: 6923.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1 Bayés de Luna A (2011). Clinical Arrhythmology. Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK.
An edited book
1 Pfander GE, editor (2015). Sampling Theory, a Renaissance: Compressive Sensing and Other Developments, 1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing: Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
1 Buatois LA, Labandeira CC, Mángano MG, Cohen A & Voigt S (2016). The Mesozoic Lacustrine Revolution. In: M.G. Mángano & L.A. Buatois, editors. The Trace-Fossil Record of Major Evolutionary Events: Volume 2: Mesozoic and Cenozoic. Topics in Geobiology,. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht. p. 179–263.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroendocrinology Letters.

Blog post
1 Andrew E (2014). The Strangest Defence Mechanisms In The Animal Kingdom. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1 Government Accountability Office (1993). Longer Combination Trucks: Driver Controls and Equipment Inspection Should Be Improved. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1 Ball-Miles NM (2014). The relationship between witnessing verbal marital conflict as a child and the behavioral anger responses in adulthood. Capella University: Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1 (nyt) SK (2003). World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Putin Says Politics Needs More Women. New York Times: A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Maxmen 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Hekimi & Guarente 2003; Maxmen 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hekimi & Guarente 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Lan et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroendocrinology Letters
ISSN (print)0172-780X
ISSN (online)2354-4716

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