How to format your references using the Neuroendocrinology Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroendocrinology Letters (NEL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1 Gangopadhyay SS (2013). Systemic administration of follistatin288 increases muscle mass and reduces fat accumulation in mice. Sci Rep. 3: 2441.
A journal article with 2 authors
1 Abraham RG & van Den Bergh S (2001). The morphological evolution of galaxies. Science. 293(5533): 1273–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1 Gagnon K, Chadwell CD & Norabuena E (2005). Measuring the onset of locking in the Peru-Chile trench with GPS and acoustic measurements. Nature. 434(7030): 205–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1 Morgan-Bathke M, Hill GA, Harris ZI, et al. (2014). Autophagy correlates with maintenance of salivary gland function following radiation. Sci Rep. 4: 5206.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1 Bullock J (2017). Wireshark® for Security Professionals. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Indianapolis, Indiana.
An edited book
1 Wilcox P (2009). Pulmonary Function Tests in Clinical Practice. J. Road & A. Altalag, editors. Springer: London.
A chapter in an edited book
1 Hebelstrup KH & Møller IM (2015). Mitochondrial Signaling in Plants Under Hypoxia: Use of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) and Reactive Nitrogen Species (RNS). In: K.J. Gupta & A.U. Igamberdiev, editors. Reactive Oxygen and Nitrogen Species Signaling and Communication in Plants. Signaling and Communication in Plants,. Springer International Publishing: Cham. p. 63–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroendocrinology Letters.

Blog post
1 Hale T (2016). Puppy Swallows Tube Of Glue Creating A Perfect Mold Of Its Stomach. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1 Government Accountability Office (1971). Review of the Policies and Procedures of the Office of Education in Administering Contracts Awarded for the Purpose of Studying or Evaluating Educational Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1 Nelson T (2017). Project Motherhood: A Grant Proposal Project. California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1 Cowen T (2014). Rebalancing the Population Scales. New York Times: BU5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gangopadhyay 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Abraham & van Den Bergh 2001; Gangopadhyay 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Abraham & van Den Bergh 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Morgan-Bathke et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroendocrinology Letters
ISSN (print)0172-780X
ISSN (online)2354-4716

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