How to format your references using the Neuroendocrinology Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroendocrinology Letters (NEL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1 Hoag H (2003). Transgenic salmon still out in the cold in United States. Nature. 421(6921): 304.
A journal article with 2 authors
1 Gardner KH & Correa F (2012). Plant science. How plants see the invisible. Science. 335(6075): 1451–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1 Wong KM, Suchard MA & Huelsenbeck JP (2008). Alignment uncertainty and genomic analysis. Science. 319(5862): 473–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1 Han T, Yuan T, Li B & Qiu C-W (2013). Homogeneous thermal cloak with constant conductivity and tunable heat localization. Sci Rep. 3: 1593.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1 Liu H & Li G (2006). OFDM-Based Broadband Wireless Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
1 Böckle G & Wiese G, editors (2014). Computations with Modular Forms: Proceedings of a Summer School and Conference, Heidelberg, August/September 2011. Springer International Publishing: Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
1 Tayeh AAO & Signer B (2015). A Dynamically Extensible Open Cross-Document Link Service. In: J. Wang, W. Cellary, D. Wang, et al., editors. Web Information Systems Engineering – WISE 2015: 16th International Conference, Miami, FL, USA, November 1-3, 2015, Proceedings, Part I. Lecture Notes in Computer Science,. Springer International Publishing: Cham. p. 61–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroendocrinology Letters.

Blog post
1 Hale T (2016). 900 Million Android Devices Could Be Vulnerable To Hackers Due To A Bug. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1 Government Accountability Office (2003). Federal Student Aid: Expanding Eligibility for Less Than Halftime Students Could Increase Program Costs, But Benefits Uncertain. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1 Wager L (2009). Racial differences in the relationship between child externalizing and corporal punishment: The role of other discipline strategies. Indiana University: Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1 Greenhouse L (2006). Supreme Court Gives Employees Broader Protection Against Retaliation in Workplace. New York Times: A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoag 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Hoag 2003; Gardner & Correa 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gardner & Correa 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Han et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroendocrinology Letters
ISSN (print)0172-780X
ISSN (online)2354-4716

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