How to format your references using the Neuroendocrinology Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroendocrinology Letters (NEL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1 Cuntz M (2011). Carbon cycle: a dent in carbon’s gold standard. Nature. 477(7366): 547–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1 Luo J & Lai Y (2014). Anisotropic zero-index waveguide with arbitrary shapes. Sci Rep. 4: 5875.
A journal article with 3 authors
1 Gadsby DC, Vergani P & Csanády L (2006). The ABC protein turned chloride channel whose failure causes cystic fibrosis. Nature. 440(7083): 477–83.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1 Lee Y-S, Mulugu S, York JD & O’Shea EK (2007). Regulation of a cyclin-CDK-CDK inhibitor complex by inositol pyrophosphates. Science. 316(5821): 109–12.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1 McFedries P (2010). Twitter Tips, Tricks, and Tweets. Wiley Publishing, Inc.: Indianapolis, IN, USA.
An edited book
1 Zhang X, Sun M, Wang Z & Huang X, editors (2015). Social Media Processing: 4th National Conference, SMP 2015, Guangzhou, China, November 16-17, 2015, Proceedings. Springer: Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
1 Singh L (2011). Stories Gogo Never Told. In: D.A. Francis, editor. Acting on HIV: Using Drama to Create Possibilities for Change. SensePublishers: Rotterdam. p. 43–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroendocrinology Letters.

Blog post
1 Luntz S (2015). Unenthusiastic Sex Doesn’t Make You Happy. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1 Government Accountability Office (1999). Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Delivery of Key Benefits Hinges on States’ Achieving Compliance. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1 Conlin LD (2012). Building shared understandings in introductory physics tutorials through risk, repair, conflict & comedy. University of Maryland, College Park: College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1 Gustines GG (2012). Drawn From History and Imagination. New York Times: C33.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cuntz 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Cuntz 2011; Luo & Lai 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Luo & Lai 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroendocrinology Letters
ISSN (print)0172-780X
ISSN (online)2354-4716

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