How to format your references using the Neurobiology of Sleep and Circadian Rhythms citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurobiology of Sleep and Circadian Rhythms. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeWeerdt, S., 2013. Vaccines: An age-old problem. Nature 502, S8-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tozer, S., Morin, X., 2014. Neuroscience. Young neurons sever ties to the parental niche. Science 343, 146–147.
A journal article with 3 authors
O’Gorman, C.M., Fuller, H.T., Dyer, P.S., 2009. Discovery of a sexual cycle in the opportunistic fungal pathogen Aspergillus fumigatus. Nature 457, 471–474.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hessa, T., Kim, H., Bihlmaier, K., Lundin, C., Boekel, J., Andersson, H., Nilsson, I., White, S.H., von Heijne, G., 2005. Recognition of transmembrane helices by the endoplasmic reticulum translocon. Nature 433, 377–381.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blair, R., Regenstein, J.M., 2015. Genetic Modification and Food Quality. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Hayat, M.A. (Ed.), 2011. Tumors of the Central Nervous System, Volume 1: Gliomas: Glioblastoma (Part 1), Tumors of the Central Nervous System. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Carminati, R., 2006. Introduction to Radiative Transfer, in: Volz, S. (Ed.), Microscale and Nanoscale Heat Transfer, Topics in Applied Physics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 55–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurobiology of Sleep and Circadian Rhythms.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Can You Solve These 5 Physics Phenomena? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/physics/can-you-solve-these-5-physics-phenomena/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. Hazardous Waste: Problems and Cleanup Efforts at an FAA Facility in Oklahoma City (No. RCED-88-113FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clyde, K.M., 2012. Instructors’ Perceptions of the National Association of Schools of Music Influence on the Development of Undergraduate Applied Percussion Curricula (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B., 2017. Engaged Players Are on Same Side, Even in Singles. New York Times SP5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DeWeerdt, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (DeWeerdt, 2013; Tozer and Morin, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tozer and Morin, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Hessa et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurobiology of Sleep and Circadian Rhythms
AbbreviationNeurobiol. Sleep Circadian Rhythms
ISSN (print)2451-9944
ScopeClinical Neurology
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
Behavioral Neuroscience
Neurology

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