How to format your references using the Neurobiology of Sleep and Circadian Rhythms citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurobiology of Sleep and Circadian Rhythms. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Perkel, J.M., 2015. Annotating the scholarly web. Nature 528, 153–154.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stevens, M.M., George, J.H., 2005. Exploring and engineering the cell surface interface. Science 310, 1135–1138.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kennedy, H.J., Crawford, A.C., Fettiplace, R., 2005. Force generation by mammalian hair bundles supports a role in cochlear amplification. Nature 433, 880–883.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, W.-W., Xie, C.-L., Lu, L., Zheng, G.-Q., 2014. A systematic review and meta-analysis of Baihui (GV20)-based scalp acupuncture in experimental ischemic stroke. Sci. Rep. 4, 3981.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Daïan, J.-F., 2014. Equilibrium and Transfer in Porous Media 1. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Nin, J., Villatoro, D. (Eds.), 2014. Citizen in Sensor Networks: Second International Workshop, CitiSens 2013, Barcelona, Spain, September 19, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Cordella, M., Poiani, A., 2014. The Social Dimension of Cancer, in: Poiani, A. (Ed.), Behavioural Oncology: Psychological, Communicative, and Social Dimensions. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 279–349.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurobiology of Sleep and Circadian Rhythms.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. Human Medicine And Agricultural Chemicals Found In The Blood Of Turtles [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. FAA Safety Inspector Training Survey Data, an E-supplement to GAO-05-728 (No. GAO-05-704SP). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aikens, F.A., 2012. An Examination of Ethical Behavior, Job Satisfaction, and Turnover Intent in Southern Ohio QSR Operations (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2012. Friendships Wrapped in the Army-Navy Rivalry. New York Times B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Perkel, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Perkel, 2015; Stevens and George, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stevens and George, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurobiology of Sleep and Circadian Rhythms
AbbreviationNeurobiol. Sleep Circadian Rhythms
ISSN (print)2451-9944
ScopeClinical Neurology
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
Behavioral Neuroscience
Neurology

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