How to format your references using the IEEE Women in Engineering Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Women in Engineering Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
X. Xu, “Surface recombination and charged exciton in nanocrystal quantum dots on photonic crystals under two-photon excitation,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 5039, Jun. 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. B. Cassidy and A. P. Mills Jr, “The production of molecular positronium,” Nature, vol. 449, no. 7159, pp. 195–197, Sep. 2007.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. F. Duivenvoorden, J. C. Svenning, and S. J. Wright, “Ecology. Beta diversity in tropical forests,” Science, vol. 295, no. 5555, pp. 636–637, Jan. 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. Zhao, W. Zheng, X. Wang, H. Zhang, X. Cui, and H. Wang, “Ultrahigh capacitive performance from both Co(OH)₂/graphene electrode and K₃Fe(CN)₆ electrolyte,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 2986, Oct. 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
F. J. Fabozzi, Institutional Investment Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2009.
An edited book
P. Rosin, A. Adamatzky, and X. Sun, Eds., Cellular Automata in Image Processing and Geometry, vol. 10. in Emergence, Complexity and Computation, vol. 10. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Tsugawa, A. Matsunaga, and J. A. B. Fortes, “Cloud Computing Security: What Changes with Software-Defined Networking?,” in Secure Cloud Computing, S. Jajodia, K. Kant, P. Samarati, A. Singhal, V. Swarup, and C. Wang, Eds., New York, NY: Springer, 2014, pp. 77–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Women in Engineering Magazine.

Blog post
T. Hale, “Preschoolers Know If You Owe Them Something, According To Psychologists,” IFLScience, Aug. 15, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Aviation Safety: Procedures for Registering and Certifying Air Carriers,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-87-115FS, May 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. E. Barta, “Culture, customer-centricity, and customer relationship management in an online postsecondary learning institution,” Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Saslow, “Another Summer, Same Dark Stage,” New York Times, p. LI2, Aug. 19, 2007.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Women in Engineering Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Women Eng. Mag.
ISSN (print)1942-065X

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