How to format your references using the Brain, Behavior and Evolution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Brain, Behavior and Evolution (BBE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lawler A (2000): ASTROBIOLOGY: Ames’s Proposal for Lab Triggers Battle at NASAScience 289:23a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaspari M, Weiser MD (2014): Ecology. Meet the new boss, same as the old bossScience 343:974–975.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lamb D, Erskine PD, Parrotta JA (2005): Restoration of degraded tropical forest landscapesScience 310:1628–1632.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gao F, Wei Z, An W, Wang K, Lu W (2013): The interactomes of POU5F1 and SOX2 enhancers in human embryonic stem cellsSci Rep 3:1588.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Atkin N, Biddiss M, Tallett F (2011): The Wiley-Blackwell Dictionary of Modern European History Since 1789. Oxford, UK, Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Dorsman A, Arslan-Ayaydin Ö, Karan MB (eds.) (2016): Energy and Finance: Sustainability in the Energy Industry. Cham, Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Large DC, Large JJH (2016): A Most Contentious Contest: Politics and Protests at the 1936 Berlin Olympics; in Dart J, Wagg S (eds): Sport, Protest and Globalisation: Stopping Play. London, Palgrave Macmillan UK, pp 51–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Brain, Behavior and Evolution.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2016): New Research On How Galaxies Spin Could Break One Of Our Best Dark Matter Theories [Internet]IFLScience [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989): Student Athletes: Most Schools Meet Proposed Academic Performance Reporting Requirements. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis PJ (2009): A comparison of a high and low -performing school in the Soroti Catholic Diocese, Uganda, East -Africa

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ewing J (2017): Fiat Chrysler to Modify 100,000 Vehicles After Emission-Cheating ClaimsNew York Times :B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleBrain, Behavior and Evolution
AbbreviationBrain Behav. Evol.
ISSN (print)0006-8977
ISSN (online)1421-9743
ScopeBehavioral Neuroscience
Developmental Neuroscience

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