How to format your references using the Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koentges G. 2010. Journal club. A genomic systems biologist muses on how shared DNA mistakes reveal shared cellular ancestry. Nature. 467(7313):255.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wuchty S, Uetz P. 2014. Protein-protein Interaction Networks of E. coli and S. cerevisiae are similar. Sci Rep. 4:7187.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vance D, Teagle DAH, Foster GL. 2009. Variable Quaternary chemical weathering fluxes and imbalances in marine geochemical budgets. Nature. 458(7237):493–496.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Luo W, Pulsipher A, Dutta D, Lamb BM, Yousaf MN. 2014. Remote control of tissue interactions via engineered photo-switchable cell surfaces. Sci Rep. 4:6313.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lado EP. 2016. The Common Fisheries Policy. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Wang Z. 2015. Opportunistic Spectrum Sharing in Cognitive Radio Networks. Zhang W, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ding L, Jin C, Guan J, Zhang S, Cui T, Zhao W. 2015. New Related Key Attacks on the RAKAPOSHI Stream Cipher. In: Lopez J, Wu Y, editors. Information Security Practice and Experience: 11th International Conference, ISPEC 2015, Beijing, China, May 5-8, 2015, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; p. 65–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2013. Self-love in the animal kingdom. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. Finanzas del Consumidor: Factores que Afectan la Educacion Financiera de las Personas con Conocimientos Limitados del Ingles. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kwon Y. 2009. Extreme value estimators: Their long memory feature and forecasting performances in the U.S. stock indexes [Doctoral dissertation]. Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gurley G. 2015. A Gift for Cutting Tresses and Gaining Trust. New York Times.:ST8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koentges 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Koentges 2010; Wuchty & Uetz 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wuchty & Uetz 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Luo et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk
ISSN (print)1947-5705
ISSN (online)1947-5713
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
General Environmental Science

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