How to format your references using the Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sommer MOA. 2014. Microbiology: Barriers to the spread of resistance. Nature. 509(7502):567–568.
A journal article with 2 authors
Overpeck J, Udall B. 2010. Climate change. Dry times ahead. Science. 328(5986):1642–1643.
A journal article with 3 authors
Killgore WDS, Olson EA, Weber M. 2013. Physical exercise habits correlate with gray matter volume of the hippocampus in healthy adult humans. Sci Rep. 3:3457.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Iratni R, Yan Y-T, Chen C, Ding J, Zhang Y, Price SM, Reinberg D, Shen MM. 2002. Inhibition of excess nodal signaling during mouse gastrulation by the transcriptional corepressor DRAP1. Science. 298(5600):1996–1999.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baher H. 2012. Signal Processing and Integrated Circuits. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Popper AN, Hawkins A, editors. 2012. The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Eadie MJ, Vajda F. 2016. The Older Antiepileptic Drugs. In: Vajda F, editor. Antiepileptic Drugs and Pregnancy: A Guide for Prescribers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; p. 27–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Extreme Droughts Weaken Trees’ Ability To Soak Up Carbon. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Charter Schools: Issues Affecting Access to Federal Funds. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Limpert SM. 2017. A Qualitative Study of Learning Spaces at a Midwest Elementary School and its Relationship to Student Attitudes about Reading [Doctoral dissertation]. St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Santora M. 2016. Crash Kills 3 College Students on Medical Mission in Honduras. New York Times.:A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sommer 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Overpeck and Udall 2010; Sommer 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Overpeck and Udall 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Iratni et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk
ISSN (print)1947-5705
ISSN (online)1947-5713
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
General Environmental Science

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