How to format your references using the Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Braun DM. 2012. Plant science. SWEET! The pathway is complete. Science. 335:173–174.
A journal article with 2 authors
Garrott RA, Oli MK. 2013. Conservation. A critical crossroad for BLM’s wild horse program. Science. 341:847–848.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rawson FJ, Downard AJ, Baronian KH. 2014. Electrochemical detection of intracellular and cell membrane redox systems in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Sci Rep. 4:5216.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Gerrits T, Van Den Berg HAM, Hohlfeld J, Bär L, Rasing T. 2002. Ultrafast precessional magnetization reversal by picosecond magnetic field pulse shaping. Nature. 418:509–512.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tadros TF. 2010. Colloids in Paints. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Golden B, Raghavan S, Wasil E, editors. 2005. The Next Wave in Computing, Optimization, and Decision Technologies. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Bivand RS, Pebesma E, Gómez-Rubio V. 2013. Spatial Data Import and Export. In: Pebesma E, Gómez-Rubio V, editors. Applied Spatial Data Analysis with R. New York, NY: Springer; p. 83–125.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2016. How Events In Panama Created The Modern World (Millions Of Years Ago). IFLScience [Internet]. [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1986. Efforts To Comply With P.L. 94-142 and Selected Youth Services Administration Management Functions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Messian NM. 2012. The Spiral of Time: A Path to the Soul—Jewish Mystical and Depth Psychological Perspectives [Doctoral dissertation]. Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis J. 2016. Giving Up Almost Everything to Care for His Wife? ‘I See It as a Pleasure.’ New York Times.:A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Braun 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Braun 2012; Garrott & Oli 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Garrott & Oli 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Gerrits et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk
ISSN (print)1947-5705
ISSN (online)1947-5713
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
General Environmental Science

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