How to format your references using the Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Martin K. 2015. Vernon B. Mountcastle (1918-2015). Nature. 518(7539):304.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bialek W, Botstein D. 2004. Introductory science and mathematics education for 21st-Century biologists. Science. 303(5659):788–790.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lobell DB, Schlenker W, Costa-Roberts J. 2011. Climate trends and global crop production since 1980. Science. 333(6042):616–620.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Wasser S, Poole J, Lee P, Lindsay K, Dobson A, Hart J, Douglas-Hamilton I, Wittemyer G, Granli P, Morgan B, et al. 2010. Conservation. Elephants, ivory, and trade. Science. 327(5971):1331–1332.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Söchting I. 2014. Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapy. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bartroff J. 2013. Sequential Experimentation in Clinical Trials: Design and Analysis. Lai TL, Shih M-C, editors. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
McCown D, Reibel D, Micozzi MS. 2010. The Person of the Teacher. In: Reibel D, Micozzi MS, editors. Teaching Mindfulness: A Practical Guide for Clinicians and Educators. New York, NY: Springer; p. 91–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk.

Blog post
Hamilton K. 2017. Marijuana Extract Reduces Seizures In Kids With Severe Epilepsy. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. Global Positioning System: A Comprehensive Assessment of Potential Options and Related Costs is Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bowles A. 2012. The development of a standard of care for competency to stand trial evaluations [Doctoral dissertation]. Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Apuzzo M, Goldman A, Mazzetti M. 2017. F.B.I. Warned G.O.P. Congressman Russian Spies Were Recruiting Him. New York Times.:A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Martin 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bialek and Botstein 2004; Martin 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bialek and Botstein 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Wasser et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk
ISSN (print)1947-5705
ISSN (online)1947-5713
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
General Environmental Science

Other styles