How to format your references using the Neurobiology of Aging Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurobiology of Aging Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Lenski RE. Genetics and evolution. Come fly, and leave the baggage behind. Science 2001;294:533–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Kern B, Martin C. Optical pulsations from the anomalous X-ray pulsar 4U0142+61. Nature 2002;417:527–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Bala ADS, Spitzer MW, Takahashi TT. Prediction of auditory spatial acuity from neural images on the owl’s auditory space map. Nature 2003;424:771–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Sremcević M, Schmidt J, Salo H, Seiss M, Spahn F, Albers N. A belt of moonlets in Saturn’s A ring. Nature 2007;449:1019–21.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Memming R. Semiconductor Electrochemistry. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Luke TW, Hunsinger J, editors. Putting Knowledge to Work and Letting Information Play. vol. 4. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
García-Colín LS, Dagdug L. Calculation of the Currents. In: Dagdug L, editor. The Kinetic Theory of a Dilute Ionized Plasma, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009, p. 41–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurobiology of Aging Science.

Blog post
[1]
Taub B. Common Painkiller Could Make You Less Able To Feel Empathy. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/common-painkiller-could-make-you-less-able-feel-empathy/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Head Start: Undercover Testing Finds Fraud and Abuse at Selected Head Start Centers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Naqvi SZ. Around the world in 15 bites: Applied perspectives on learning about food. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Barron J. Famous for Its Past, a Small New Jersey Town Struggles to Define Its Future. New York Times 2016:A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurobiology of Aging Science
ISSN (print)2589-9589
Scope

Other styles