How to format your references using the Neurobiology of Aging Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurobiology of Aging Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bowman JM. Chemistry. Beyond Born-Oppenheimer. Science 2008;319:40–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chang G, Roth CB. Structure of MsbA from E. coli: a homolog of the multidrug resistance ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporters. Science 2001;293:1793–800.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mili S, Moissoglu K, Macara IG. Genome-wide screen reveals APC-associated RNAs enriched in cell protrusions. Nature 2008;453:115–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ma C, Han M, Heinrich B, Fu Q, Zhang Q, Sandhu M, et al. Gut microbiome-mediated bile acid metabolism regulates liver cancer via NKT cells. Science 2018;360.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Akivis MA, Goldberg VV. Conformal Differential Geometry and Its Generalizations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1996.
An edited book
Richtering W, editor. Smart Colloidal Materials. vol. 133. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Burckhardt S. Consistency in Distributed Systems. In: Meyer B, Nordio M, editors. Software Engineering: International Summer Schools, LASER 2013-2014, Elba, Italy, Revised Tutorial Lectures, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 84–120.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurobiology of Aging Science.

Blog post
Taub B. Most Clinical Trial Data In China Is Fabricated, Government Report Finds. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Government Civil Aircraft: Longstanding Management Problems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bethany MP. Business continuity planning: Identifying gaps, patterns and justifications. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Palmer E, Otis J. Neediest Cases Fund Opens 105th Campaign. New York Times 2016:A30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurobiology of Aging Science
ISSN (print)2589-9589

Other styles