How to format your references using the European Journal of Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Public Health (EJPH). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Venema L. Fathers of electronic revolution are rewarded. Nature 2000;407:662.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weber T, Deutsch C. Oceanic nitrogen reservoir regulated by plankton diversity and ocean circulation. Nature 2012;489:419–22.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rychert CA, Fischer KM, Rondenay S. A sharp lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary imaged beneath eastern North America. Nature 2005;436:542–45.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dhamani I, Leung J, Carlile S, Sharma M. Switch attention to listen. Sci Rep 2013;3:1297.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fitschen K. Building Reliable Trading Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
Müller-Schloer C, Schmeck H, Ungerer T, editors. Organic Computing — A Paradigm Shift for Complex Systems. Basel: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Goldscheider N. Overview of Methods Applied in Karst Hydrogeology. In: Stevanović Z, editor Karst Aquifers—Characterization and Engineering. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015; 127–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Public Health.

Blog post
Carpineti A. How To Light A Match With A Rubber Band. IFLScience. 2016.URL Accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. ADP Systems: HCFA’s Failure to Follow Guidelines Makes Systems Effectiveness Uncertain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Romer C. WhatsUpDoc: A Patient Portal Technology. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. Just for You, Sarah Jessica, but .. New York Times. 2010;E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Public Health
AbbreviationEur. J. Public Health
ISSN (print)1101-1262
ISSN (online)1464-360X
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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