How to format your references using the European Journal of Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Public Health (EJPH). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lippard SJ. Obituary: Frank Albert Cotton (1930-2007). Nature 2007;446:626.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith MW, Baran PS. ORGANIC CHEMISTRY. As simple as [2+2]. Science 2015;349:925–26.
A journal article with 3 authors
He C, Jiang SP, Shen PK. Large-scale and rapid synthesis of disk-shaped and nano-sized graphene. Sci Rep 2013;3:2144.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fairén AG, Davila AF, Gago-Duport L, Amils R, McKay CP. Stability against freezing of aqueous solutions on early Mars. Nature 2009;459:401–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Church RL, Murray AT. Business Site Selection, Location Analysis and GIS. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2008.
An edited book
Huang Z, Sun X, Luo J, Wang J, editors. Cloud Computing and Security: First International Conference, ICCCS 2015, Nanjing, China, August 13-15, 2015. Revised Selected Papers. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhou S-M, Chiclana F, John RI, Garibaldi JM. Fuzzification of the OWA Operators for Aggregating Uncertain Information with Uncertain Weights. In: Yager RR, Kacprzyk J, Beliakov G, editors Recent Developments in the Ordered Weighted Averaging Operators: Theory and Practice. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011; 91–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Public Health.

Blog post
Luntz S. Lichen: A Three-Way Symbiosis. IFLScience. 2016.URL Accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. [Comments on Montana’s Entitlement to Restoration of Rehabilitation Funds]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Minick V. Educators’ Beliefs About and Approaches to the Evaluation of Student Writing. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Protess B. G.O.P.’s Paths to Unraveling Wall Street Rules From Obama Era. New York Times. 2017;A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Public Health
AbbreviationEur. J. Public Health
ISSN (print)1101-1262
ISSN (online)1464-360X
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles