How to format your references using the European Journal of Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Public Health (EJPH). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker M. Structural biology: The gatekeepers revealed. Nature 2010;465:823–26.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cyranoski D, Chou I-H. Winds of change blow away the cobwebs on campus. Nature 2004;429:210–14.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rowe C, Harris JM, Roberts SC. Sporting contests: seeing red? Putting sportswear in context. Nature 2005;437:E10; discussion E10-1.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chipuk JE, Bouchier-Hayes L, Kuwana T, Newmeyer DD, Green DR. PUMA couples the nuclear and cytoplasmic proapoptotic function of p53. Science 2005;309:1732–35.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lombard M. SolidWorks® Administration Bible. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc., 2009.
An edited book
Fiedler M. Linear Optimization Problems with Inexact Data. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Gallo CA, Carballido JA, Ponzoni I. Microarray Biclustering: A Novel Memetic Approach Based on the PISA Platform. In: Pizzuti C, Ritchie MD, Giacobini M, editors Evolutionary Computation, Machine Learning and Data Mining in Bioinformatics: 7th European Conference, EvoBIO 2009 Tübingen, Germany, April 15-17, 2009 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009; 44–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Public Health.

Blog post
Andrew E. #Distractinglysexy: Sir Tim Hunt’s Gift To Feminism In Science. IFLScience. 2015.URL Accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Guaranteed Student Loans: Better Criteria Needed for Financing Guarantee Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schenkelberg V. Cultural competence training: A grant proposal. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz J, Robertson C. New Orleans Looks to Houston, and Sees Itself. New York Times. 2017;A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Public Health
AbbreviationEur. J. Public Health
ISSN (print)1101-1262
ISSN (online)1464-360X
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles