How to format your references using the Neurobiology of Aging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurobiology of Aging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2004. Aerospace meets biotech. Nature 429, 223.
A journal article with 2 authors
Korkusinski, M., Hawrylak, P., 2014. Quantum strain sensor with a topological insulator HgTe quantum dot. Sci. Rep. 4, 4903.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sambanis, N., Schulhofer-Wohl, J., Shayo, M., 2012. Social psychology. Parochialism as a central challenge in counterinsurgency. Science 336, 805–808.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tsushima, Y., Komine, K., Sawahata, Y., Hiruma, N., 2014. Higher resolution stimulus facilitates depth perception: MT+ plays a significant role in monocular depth perception. Sci. Rep. 4, 6687.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tripathi, N., Singh, R.S., Hills, C.D., 2016. Reclamation of Mine-Impacted Land for Ecosystem Recovery. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Rojszczak, A., 2005. From the Act of Judging to the Sentence: The Problem of Truth Bearers from Bolzano to Tarski, Synthese Library, Studies in Epistemology, Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Fulda, A., 2016. The Logic and Limits of the Party’s Social Management Approach in Maintaining Stability: Lessons from Bismarck, in: Tsang, S., Men, H. (Eds.), China in the Xi Jinping Era. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 71–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurobiology of Aging.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Concrete Cast of Ant Nest Reveals Huge Underground Metropolis [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Technology Transfer: Reporting Requirements for Federally Sponsored Inventions Need Revision (No. RCED-99-242). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhu, M., 2017. Numerical Investigation of Encapsulation Technology in Polymer Flooding Processes (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M.D., Haberman, M., 2017. In Interview, Bannon Contradicts Trump on North Korea, and Lashes Out at Rivals. New York Times A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Korkusinski and Hawrylak, 2014; Smaglik, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Korkusinski and Hawrylak, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Tsushima et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurobiology of Aging
AbbreviationNeurobiol. Aging
ISSN (print)0197-4580
Developmental Biology
Geriatrics and Gerontology
Clinical Neurology
General Neuroscience

Other styles