How to format your references using the Neurobiology of Aging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurobiology of Aging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mitchell, W.J., 2004. Beyond the ivory tower. Constructing complexity in the digital age. Science 303, 1472–1473.
A journal article with 2 authors
Callan, B., Gillespie, I., 2007. The path to new medicines. Nature 449, 164–165.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rhee, H., Polak, L., Fuchs, E., 2006. Lhx2 maintains stem cell character in hair follicles. Science 312, 1946–1949.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dacke, M., Nilsson, D.-E., Scholtz, C.H., Byrne, M., Warrant, E.J., 2003. Animal behaviour: insect orientation to polarized moonlight. Nature 424, 33.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Calloway, J., 2009. Becoming a Category of One. Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Wang, Z., 2010. MicroRNA Expression Detection Methods. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Wagner, H., Bauer, R., Melchart, D., Xiao, P.-G., Staudinger, A., 2011. Radix et Rhizoma Asari — Xixin, in: Wagner, H., Bauer, R., Melchart, D., Xiao, P.-G., Staudinger, A. (Eds.), Chromatographic Fingerprint Analysis of Herbal Medicines: Thin-Layer and High Performance Liquid Chromatography of Chinese Drugs. Springer, Vienna, pp. 45–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurobiology of Aging.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2016. Stressed Out: The Psychological Effects Of Tests On Primary School Children [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1984. Improvements Needed in the Department of the Interior’s Measurement of Offshore Oil for Royalty Purposes (No. RCED-84-78). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grant, J.A., 2015. Far-field noise from a rotor in a wind tunnel (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Judah, B., 2016. London rolls out the kleptocrats’ carpet. New York Times A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mitchell, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Callan and Gillespie, 2007; Mitchell, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Callan and Gillespie, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Dacke et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurobiology of Aging
AbbreviationNeurobiol. Aging
ISSN (print)0197-4580
Developmental Biology
Geriatrics and Gerontology
Clinical Neurology
General Neuroscience

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