How to format your references using the Neurobiology of Aging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurobiology of Aging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rikken, G.L.J.A., 2011. Physics. A new twist on spintronics. Science 331, 864–865.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stroebel, D., Paoletti, P., 2014. Neuroscience: A structure to remember. Nature 511, 162–163.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaufman, T.C., Severson, D.W., Robinson, G.E., 2002. The Anopheles genome and comparative insect genomics. Science 298, 97–98.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brunner, D.O., De Zanche, N., Fröhlich, J., Paska, J., Pruessmann, K.P., 2009. Travelling-wave nuclear magnetic resonance. Nature 457, 994–998.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Middleton, D., 2012. Non-Gaussian Statistical Communication Theory. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hart, S.R., 2014. Identifying, Assessing, and Treating Bipolar Disorder at School, Developmental Psychopathology at School. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Pfeiffer, S., Green, T., 2015. Accessibility, Internationalization, and Navigation, in: Green, T. (Ed.), Beginning HTML5 Media: Make the Most of the New Video and Audio Standards for the Web. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp. 129–189.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurobiology of Aging.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Monkeys Accidentally Make Stone Flakes That Resemble Ancient Hominin Tools [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Aviation Security: Slow Progress in Addressing Long-Standing Screener Performance Problems (No. T-RCED-00-125). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nambiar, V.R., 2012. A Grounded Theory Study on Business Excellence Models in the United Arab Emirates (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. Kickers Form Bond And Find Sorority. New York Times D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rikken, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Rikken, 2011; Stroebel and Paoletti, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stroebel and Paoletti, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Brunner et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurobiology of Aging
AbbreviationNeurobiol. Aging
ISSN (print)0197-4580
Developmental Biology
Geriatrics and Gerontology
Clinical Neurology
General Neuroscience

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