How to format your references using the Neurobiology of Aging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurobiology of Aging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Youle, R.J., 2007. Cell biology. Cellular demolition and the rules of engagement. Science 315, 776–777.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lyons, T.W., Reinhard, C.T., 2009. Early Earth: Oxygen for heavy-metal fans. Nature 461, 179–181.
A journal article with 3 authors
Seidenberg, M.S., MacDonald, M.C., Saffran, J.R., 2002. Neuroscience. Does grammar start where statistics stop? Science 298, 553–554.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Leaver, M., Domínguez-Cuevas, P., Coxhead, J.M., Daniel, R.A., Errington, J., 2009. Life without a wall or division machine in Bacillus subtilis. Nature 457, 849–853.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guzik, A., 2013. Essentials for Occupational Health Nursing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Seki, S., 2016. Skyrmions in Magnetic Materials, SpringerBriefs in Physics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Meyskens, F.L., Yang, S., 2011. Thinking About the Role (Largely Ignored) of Heavy Metals in Cancer Prevention: Hexavalent Chromium and Melanoma as a Case in Point, in: Senn, H.-J., Otto, F. (Eds.), Clinical Cancer Prevention, Recent Results in Cancer Research. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 65–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurobiology of Aging.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Bright Aurora Spotted On Mars [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. Airlift Requirements: Commercial Freighters Can Help Meet Requirements at Greatly Reduced Costs (No. NSIAD-94-209). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Biermann, J.L., 2009. The distribution of Callinectes sapidus megalopae at the mouths of Chesapeake and Delaware Bays: Implications for larval ingress (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Green, L.V., 2006. Beds of State. New York Times 14WC15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Youle, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Lyons and Reinhard, 2009; Youle, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lyons and Reinhard, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Leaver et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurobiology of Aging
AbbreviationNeurobiol. Aging
ISSN (print)0197-4580
Developmental Biology
Geriatrics and Gerontology
Clinical Neurology
General Neuroscience

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