How to format your references using the Journal of Cardiology Cases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cardiology Cases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Patek SN. Spiny lobsters stick and slip to make sound. Nature 2001;411:153–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Cook-Deegan RM, McCormack SJ. Intellectual property. Patents, secrecy, and DNA. Science 2001;293:217.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Schall P, Weitz DA, Spaepen F. Structural rearrangements that govern flow in colloidal glasses. Science 2007;318:1895–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Takano J, Noguchi K, Yasumori M, Kobayashi M, Gajdos Z, Miwa K, et al. Arabidopsis boron transporter for xylem loading. Nature 2002;420:337–40.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Boberski V. Community Banking Strategies. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Eisendrath SJ, editor. Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy: Innovative Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Siclari D. Anti-Money Laundering EU Law and Network of Agents. In: Siclari D, editor. The New Anti-Money Laundering Law: First Perspectives on the 4th European Union Directive, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 45–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cardiology Cases.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. New Battery Technologies Developed That Don’t Need Rare Materials. IFLScience 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Highway Projects: Extent of Unobligated Balances for Demonstration Projects as of March 31, 2002. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Avila R. Support and Resources for Homeless Families: A Grant Proposal. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Saslow L. T’s Not Crossed in Community College Tuition. New York Times 2007:LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cardiology Cases
AbbreviationJ. Cardiol. Cases
ISSN (print)1878-5409
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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