How to format your references using the Journal of Cardiology Cases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cardiology Cases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Reichhardt T. Safety concerns force NASA to condemn satellite to fiery end. Nature 2000;404:423.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Pimm SL, Brown JH. Ecology. Domains of diversity. Science 2004;304:831–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Dehaene-Lambertz G, Dehaene S, Hertz-Pannier L. Functional neuroimaging of speech perception in infants. Science 2002;298:2013–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Streit A, Berliner AJ, Papanayotou C, Sirulnik A, Stern CD. Initiation of neural induction by FGF signalling before gastrulation. Nature 2000;406:74–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Joyce PM, Lipton D. Lamentations Through the Centuries. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Hamilton D. Blackboards and Bootstraps: Revisioning Education and Schooling. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Colaprete A, Vargo K, Shirley M, Landis D, Wooden D, Karcz J, et al. An Overview of the LADEE Ultraviolet-Visible Spectrometer. In: Elphic RC, Russell CT, editors. The Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer Mission (LADEE), Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 63–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cardiology Cases.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Think Your Cat Misses You? It’s Probably Just Pissed Off. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/think-your-cat-misses-you-its-probably-just-pissed/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Accessibility: Lack of Data and Limited Enforcement Options Limit Federal Oversight. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Quick TD. Faith-based charter school success at education ground zero. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Packer G. Celebrating Inequality. New York Times 2013:A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cardiology Cases
AbbreviationJ. Cardiol. Cases
ISSN (print)1878-5409
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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