How to format your references using the Journal of Cardiology Cases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cardiology Cases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Nutton V. Portraits of science. Logic, learning, and experimental medicine. Science 2002;295:800–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Collerson KD, Weisler MI. Stone adze compositions and the extent of ancient Polynesian voyaging and trade. Science 2007;317:1907–11.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Yue J-D, Zhang Y-R, Fan H. Quantum-enhanced metrology for multiple phase estimation with noise. Sci Rep 2014;4:5933.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Komura Y, Tamura R, Uwano T, Nishijo H, Kaga K, Ono T. Retrospective and prospective coding for predicted reward in the sensory thalamus. Nature 2001;412:546–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Hollins C. Basic Guide to Anatomy and Physiology for Dental Care Professionals. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.,; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Wagon S, editor. Mathematica in Action: Problem Solving Through Visualization and Computation. 3rd ed. New York, NY: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Van Roey P, Derbyshire V. GIY-YIG Homing Endonucleases — Beads on a String. In: Belfort M, Wood DW, Stoddard BL, Derbyshire V, editors. Homing Endonucleases and Inteins, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005, p. 67–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cardiology Cases.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Monoclonal Antibodies: The Invisible Allies That Changed The Face Of Medicine. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/monoclonal-antibodies-invisible-allies-changed-face-medicine/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Electronic Surveillance. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Roache RS. Missouri Public School Teachers’ Perception of Tenure. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Poniewozik J. A Buzzkill of a Pot Comedy. New York Times 2017:C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cardiology Cases
AbbreviationJ. Cardiol. Cases
ISSN (print)1878-5409
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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