How to format your references using the Journal of Cardiology Cases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cardiology Cases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Joffre M. Comment on “Coherent control of retinal isomerization in bacteriorhodopsin.” Science 2007;317:453; author reply 453.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Medina-Elizalde M, Rohling EJ. Collapse of Classic Maya civilization related to modest reduction in precipitation. Science 2012;335:956–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Baldwin MP, Dameris M, Shepherd TG. Atmosphere. How will the stratosphere affect climate change? Science 2007;316:1576–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Pellegrini AFA, Ahlström A, Hobbie SE, Reich PB, Nieradzik LP, Staver AC, et al. Fire frequency drives decadal changes in soil carbon and nitrogen and ecosystem productivity. Nature 2018;553:194–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Johnson DW, Woodward JL. Release. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Hayat MA, editor. Tumors of the Central Nervous System, Volume 1: Gliomas: Glioblastoma (Part 1). vol. 1. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Suzuki K. The Significance of Mycorrhizae in Forest Ecosystems. In: Suzuki K, Ishii K, Sakurai S, Sasaki S, editors. Plantation Technology in Tropical Forest Science, Tokyo: Springer; 2006, p. 41–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cardiology Cases.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. A ‘Sixth Sense’ For Humidity Helps Insects Stay Out Of Climatic Trouble. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Vehicle Cybersecurity: DOT and Industry Have Efforts Under Way, but DOT Needs to Define Its Role in Responding to a Real-world Attack. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Bauer SL. Work-Life Balanced Culture, Work Flexibility, and Inducements: Impact on Perceived Organizational Attractiveness and Job Pursuit Intention. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Wagner J. Left Out of a Tiebreaker Game, Mexico Protests, but to No Avail. New York Times 2017:B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cardiology Cases
AbbreviationJ. Cardiol. Cases
ISSN (print)1878-5409
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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