How to format your references using the Human Reproduction Update citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Reproduction Update. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cohen MR. Eppendorf winner. When attention wanders. Science 2012;338:58–59.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sacco T, Sacchetti B. Role of secondary sensory cortices in emotional memory storage and retrieval in rats. Science 2010;329:649–656.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rocha PP, Chaumeil J, Skok JA. Molecular biology. Finding the right partner in a 3D genome. Science 2013;342:1333–1334.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Troedhan A, Schlichting I, Kurrek A, Wainwright M. Primary implant stability in augmented sinuslift-sites after completed bone regeneration: a randomized controlled clinical study comparing four subantrally inserted biomaterials. Sci Rep 2014;4:5877.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schmidt W. Optische Spektroskopie. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, 2000.
An edited book
Mathieu D (ed). Handbook on Hyperbaric Medicine. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Eckold G, Schober H. In-situ and Kinetic Studies Using Neutrons. In: Ziegler A, Graafsma H, Zhang XF, Frenken JWM (eds) In-Situ Materials Characterization: Across Spatial and Temporal Scales. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014, 147–179.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Reproduction Update.

Blog post
Davis J. Global Sea Ice Is Now At The Lowest Extent It Has Ever Been. IFLScience 2017. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/global-sea-ice-is-now-at-the-lowest-extent-it-has-ever-been/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. School Finance: Trends in U.S. Education Spending. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alvarez C. Support groups for children of depressed parents: A grant proposal. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. After a Pension Fraud Case, Wondering Who’s Up Next. New York Times. August 21, 2010:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cohen, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Cohen, 2012; Sacco and Sacchetti, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sacco and Sacchetti, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Troedhan et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Reproduction Update
AbbreviationHum. Reprod. Update
ISSN (print)1355-4786
ISSN (online)1460-2369
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

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