How to format your references using the Human Reproduction Update citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Reproduction Update. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bennett JW. The fungi that ate my house. Science 2015;349:1018.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weber T, Deutsch C. Oceanic nitrogen reservoir regulated by plankton diversity and ocean circulation. Nature 2012;489:419–422.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tilmann F, Ni J, INDEPTH III Seismic Team. Seismic imaging of the downwelling Indian lithosphere beneath central Tibet. Science 2003;300:1424–1427.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Martrat B, Grimalt JO, Shackleton NJ, de Abreu L, Hutterli MA, Stocker TF. Four climate cycles of recurring deep and surface water destabilizations on the Iberian margin. Science 2007;317:502–507.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Williams P. Managing Measurement Risk in Building and Civil Engineering. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015.
An edited book
Tait JI (ed). Charting a New Course: Natural Language Processing and Information Retrieval: Essays in Honour of Karen Spärck Jones. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Alvi AN, Bouk SH, Ahmed SH, Yaqub MA. Influence of Backoff Period in Slotted CSMA/CA of IEEE 802.15.4. In: Mamatas L, Matta I, Papadimitriou P, Koucheryavy Y (eds) Wired/Wireless Internet Communications: 14th IFIP WG 6.2 International Conference, WWIC 2016, Thessaloniki, Greece, May 25-27, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, 40–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Reproduction Update.

Blog post
Luntz S. Armored Dinosaurs Used “Krazy Straw” Nasal Passages To Cool Their Blood. IFLScience 2014. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/armored-dinosaurs-used-twisty-nasal-passages-air-conditioning/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Developing and Using Questionnaires. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ball-Miles NM. The relationship between witnessing verbal marital conflict as a child and the behavioral anger responses in adulthood. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Corkery M, Walsh MW. Puerto Rico’s Crisis Draws Split in Congress and Muted White House Reply. New York Times. June 29, 2015:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bennett, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bennett, 2015; Weber and Deutsch, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weber and Deutsch, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Martrat et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Reproduction Update
AbbreviationHum. Reprod. Update
ISSN (print)1355-4786
ISSN (online)1460-2369
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

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