How to format your references using the Human Reproduction Update citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Reproduction Update. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hashmi ASK. Chemistry. Sub-nanosized gold catalysts. Science 2012;338:1434.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee AJ, You L. Cell biology. Cells listen to their inner voice. Science 2014;343:624–625.
A journal article with 3 authors
Myung K, Chen C, Kolodner RD. Multiple pathways cooperate in the suppression of genome instability in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Nature 2001;411:1073–1076.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kapoor TM, Lampson MA, Hergert P, Cameron L, Cimini D, Salmon ED, McEwen BF, Khodjakov A. Chromosomes can congress to the metaphase plate before biorientation. Science 2006;311:388–391.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dubil R. Financial Engineering and Arbitrage in the Financial Markets. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., 2011.
An edited book
Bartolomé J, Luis F, Fernández JF (eds). Molecular Magnets: Physics and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Wicaksono B, Nanjegowda RC, Chapman B. A Dynamic Optimization Framework for OpenMP. In: Chapman BM, Gropp WD, Kumaran K, Müller MS (eds) OpenMP in the Petascale Era: 7th International Workshop on OpenMP, IWOMP 2011, Chicago, IL, USA, June 13-15, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011, 54–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Reproduction Update.

Blog post
Andrews R. Electrical Shocks To Your Brain Could Boost Your Memory. IFLScience 2015. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/electrical-shocks-your-brain-could-boost-your-memory/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Inquiry About the Research Grant To Develop a Portable Computer To Record Traffic Information for Verifying the Accuracy of Charges for Telecommunications Service. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Poyaoan-Linzaga MR. The effects of patient communication in early intervention for falls among the Medicare patients. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Farrell JA. Tricky Dick’s Vietnam Treachery. New York Times. December 31, 2016:SR9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hashmi, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Hashmi, 2012; Lee and You, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee and You, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Kapoor et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Reproduction Update
AbbreviationHum. Reprod. Update
ISSN (print)1355-4786
ISSN (online)1460-2369
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

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