How to format your references using the Human Reproduction Update citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Reproduction Update. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sabeti P. Genome-sequencing anniversary. The landscape of human evolution. Science 2011;331:690.
A journal article with 2 authors
Warren LA, Kauffman ME. Geoscience. Microbial geoengineers. Science 2003;299:1027–1029.
A journal article with 3 authors
Morens DM, Folkers GK, Fauci AS. The challenge of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases. Nature 2004;430:242–249.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Maeda K, Henbest KB, Cintolesi F, Kuprov I, Rodgers CT, Liddell PA, Gust D, Timmel CR, Hore PJ. Chemical compass model of avian magnetoreception. Nature 2008;453:387–390.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hollins C. Basic Guide to Anatomy and Physiology for Dental Care Professionals. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., 2012.
An edited book
Goldberg DJ (ed). Facial Rejuvenation: A Total Approach. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Libal KR, Harding S. Building a Movement to Recognize Food Security as a Human Right in the United States. In: Harding S (ed) Human Rights-Based Community Practice in the United States. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, 61–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Reproduction Update.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Scientists Figure Out Why High Intensity Training Can Be As Effective As Longer Exercise. IFLScience 2015. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/scientists-finds-how-high-intensity-interval-training-affects-muscles0/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Computer Technology: Air Attack Warning System Cannot Process All Radar Track Data. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Randall R. Department of Children and Family Services workers’ knowledge of childhood obesity and services for obese children. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J. The Best Laid Schemes of Mules and Men. New York Times. January 1, 2017:C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sabeti, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Sabeti, 2011; Warren and Kauffman, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Warren and Kauffman, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Maeda et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Reproduction Update
AbbreviationHum. Reprod. Update
ISSN (print)1355-4786
ISSN (online)1460-2369
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

Other styles