How to format your references using the Neural Computing and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neural Computing and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Hirsch JE (2002) Superconductivity. The true colors of cuprates. Science 295:2226–2227
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Tabas I, Glass CK (2013) Anti-inflammatory therapy in chronic disease: challenges and opportunities. Science 339:166–172
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Karunadasa HI, Chang CJ, Long JR (2010) A molecular molybdenum-oxo catalyst for generating hydrogen from water. Nature 464:1329–1333
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Chen L, Hou J, Ye L, et al (2014) MicroRNA-143 regulates adipogenesis by modulating the MAP2K5-ERK5 signaling. Sci Rep 4:3819

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Boberski V (2010) Community Banking Strategies. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
De Gloria A (2016) Applications in Electronics Pervading Industry, Environment and Society: APPLEPIES 2014, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Davis PJ, Hersh R, Marchisotto EA (2012) Selected Topics in Mathematics. In: Hersh R, Marchisotto EA (eds) The Mathematical Experience, Study Edition. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA, pp 225–301

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neural Computing and Applications.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D (2017) Why The Earth’s Magnetic Poles Could Be About To Swap Places – And How It Would affect Us. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/physics/why-the-earths-magnetic-poles-could-be-about-to-swap-places-and-how-it-would-affect-us/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1991) Computer Security: Hackers Penetrate DOD Computer Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Cherukuri H (2014) 1, 3-Dipolar Reaction of gem-Dicyanoepoxide with a Fluoro-Olefin. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Paulson M (2017) Michael Friedman, Co-Creator of ‘Bloody Bloody Andrew Jackson,’ Dies at 41. New York Times B7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeural Computing and Applications
AbbreviationNeural Comput. Appl.
ISSN (print)0941-0643
ISSN (online)1433-3058
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Software

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