How to format your references using the Advances in Engineering Software citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Engineering Software. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Guest J. Ecology. How reefs respond to mass coral spawning. Science 2008;320:621–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Melbourne TI, Webb FH. Geophysics. Slow but not quite silent. Science 2003;300:1886–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Stratton MR, Campbell PJ, Futreal PA. The cancer genome. Nature 2009;458:719–24.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Laskin A, Gaspar DJ, Wang W, Hunt SW, Cowin JP, Colson SD, et al. Reactions at interfaces as a source of sulfate formation in sea-salt particles. Science 2003;301:340–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Kelsey JE, Newport DJ, Nemeroff CB. Principles of Psychopharmacology for Mental Health Professionals. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
[1]
Divangahi M, editor. The New Paradigm of Immunity to Tuberculosis. vol. 783. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
De León MSP, Zollikofer CPE. Neanderthals and modern humans — chimps and bonobos: similarities and differences in development and evolution. In: Hublin J-J, Harvati K, Harrison T, editors. Neanderthals Revisited: New Approaches and Perspectives, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006, p. 71–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Engineering Software.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. What sort of life could Mars have supported? IFLScience 2013. https://www.iflscience.com/space/what-sort-life-could-mars-have-supported/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Airline Competition: Weak Financial Structure Threatens Competition. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Yildiz S. Performance analysis of space-time trellis coded MIMO-OFDM systems. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Dominus S. A Dramatist as Dungeon Master. New York Times 2017:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Engineering Software
AbbreviationAdv. Eng. Softw.
ISSN (print)0965-9978
ScopeSoftware
General Engineering

Other styles