How to format your references using the Netherlands International Law Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Netherlands International Law Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Joenje H (2011) Metabolism: alcohol, DNA and disease. Nature 475:45–46
A journal article with 2 authors
Shneiderman B, Preece J (2007) Public health. Science 315:944
A journal article with 3 authors
Song H, Stevens CF, Gage FH (2002) Astroglia induce neurogenesis from adult neural stem cells. Nature 417:39–44
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hemann MT, Bric A, Teruya-Feldstein J, et al (2005) Evasion of the p53 tumour surveillance network by tumour-derived MYC mutants. Nature 436:807–811

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Niven PR (2014) Balanced Scorecard Evolution. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Sampaolesi R (2014) The Glaucomas: Volume II - Open Angle Glaucoma and Angle Closure Glaucoma. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Leung CB, Wang Y (2012) Influences of the Cultural Revolution on Chinese Literacy Instruction. In: Leung CB, Ruan J (eds) Perspectives on Teaching and Learning Chinese Literacy in China. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 49–60

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Netherlands International Law Review.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Head Transplant Surgeon Reveals Bizarre New Studies And Breakthroughs. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Embedded Computer Systems: F-14D Aircraft Software Is Not Reliable. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mehta K (2015) An optimized modified booth recoder for efficient design of the add-multiply operator. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M (2013) Out of Character, but in His Element. New York Times E7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Joenje 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Shneiderman and Preece 2007; Joenje 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shneiderman and Preece 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Hemann et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleNetherlands International Law Review
AbbreviationNeth. Int. Law Rev.
ISSN (print)0165-070X
ISSN (online)1741-6191

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