How to format your references using the Netherlands International Law Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Netherlands International Law Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spiegel A (2003) Cell signaling. beta-arrestin--not just for G protein-coupled receptors. Science 301:1338–1339
A journal article with 2 authors
Settele J, Kühn E (2009) Ecology. Insect conservation. Science 325:41–42
A journal article with 3 authors
Falkenburger BH, Barstow KL, Mintz IM (2001) Dendrodendritic inhibition through reversal of dopamine transport. Science 293:2465–2470
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Joly D, Pellejà L, Narbey S, et al (2014) A robust organic dye for dye sensitized solar cells based on iodine/iodide electrolytes combining high efficiency and outstanding stability. Sci Rep 4:4033

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shreves R (2009) Joomla!® Bible. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA
An edited book
Tsihrintzis GA, Virvou M, Jain LC (eds) (2013) Multimedia Services in Intelligent Environments: Recommendation Services. Springer International Publishing, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Howie S, Plomp T (2005) International Comparative Studies of Education and Large-Scale Change. In: Bascia N, Cumming A, Datnow A, et al. (eds) International Handbook of Educational Policy. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 75–99

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Netherlands International Law Review.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Rebellious Psychopaths May Also Be Creative Geniuses. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) Telecommunications: Enhanced Data Collection Could Help FCC Better Monitor Competition in the Wireless Industry. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goldstein J (2012) Murder in Colonial Albany: European and Indian Responses to Cross-Cultural Murders. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B (2017) Film Series. New York Times C28

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Spiegel 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Spiegel 2003; Settele and Kühn 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Settele and Kühn 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Joly et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNetherlands International Law Review
AbbreviationNeth. Int. Law Rev.
ISSN (print)0165-070X
ISSN (online)1741-6191

Other styles