How to format your references using the Netherlands International Law Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Netherlands International Law Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O’Brien K (2015) CLIMATE CHANGE. Political agency: The key to tackling climate change. Science 350:1170–1171
A journal article with 2 authors
Michel-Kerjan E, Kunreuther H (2011) Disaster management. Redesigning flood insurance. Science 333:408–409
A journal article with 3 authors
Lev M, Yehezkel O, Polat U (2014) Uncovering foveal crowding? Sci Rep 4:4067
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Schiemann B, Gommerman JL, Vora K, et al (2001) An essential role for BAFF in the normal development of B cells through a BCMA-independent pathway. Science 293:2111–2114

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Price J (2010) The Conscious Investor. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Knüpfer A, Hilbrich T, Niethammer C, et al (eds) (2016) Tools for High Performance Computing 2015: Proceedings of the 9th International Workshop on Parallel Tools for High Performance Computing, September 2015, Dresden, Germany. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Debru C (2014) On the Relationship between Neuroscience and Philosophy: the Case of Sleep and Dreaming. In: Galavotti MC, Nemeth E, Stadler F (eds) European Philosophy of Science – Philosophy of Science in Europe and the Viennese Heritage. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 57–65

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Netherlands International Law Review.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) This Giant Wall Sucks Carbon Dioxide Straight Out Of The Air. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Highlights of an Expert Panel: The Benefits and Costs of Highway and Transit Investments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Castro Deller E (2013) Recognizing signs of dementia: A curriculum for child welfare workers. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2017) Channeling Anger Into Music in a Summer of Discontent. New York Times C2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (O’Brien 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Michel-Kerjan and Kunreuther 2011; O’Brien 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Michel-Kerjan and Kunreuther 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Schiemann et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleNetherlands International Law Review
AbbreviationNeth. Int. Law Rev.
ISSN (print)0165-070X
ISSN (online)1741-6191

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