How to format your references using the Netherlands International Law Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Netherlands International Law Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Angerer P (2004) Graduate journal: the lab environment. Nature 428:238
A journal article with 2 authors
Begley CG, Ellis LM (2012) Drug development: Raise standards for preclinical cancer research. Nature 483:531–533
A journal article with 3 authors
Llopart A, Elwyn S, Coyne JA (2002) Pigmentation and mate choice in Drosophila. Nature 419:360; discussion 360
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kolenderski P, Scarcella C, Johnsen KD, et al (2014) Time-resolved double-slit interference pattern measurement with entangled photons. Sci Rep 4:4685

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Avlonas N, Nassos GP (2013) Practical Sustainability Strategies. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Hsu C-H, Yang LT, Park JH, Yeo S-S (eds) (2010) Algorithms and Architectures for Parallel Processing: 10th International Conference, ICA3PP 2010, Busan, Korea, May 21-23, 2010. Proceedings. Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Szabo A (2005) Interplanetary Discontinuities and Shocks in the Earth’s Magnetosheath. In: Sauvaud J-A, Němeček Z (eds) Multiscale Processes in the Earth’s Magnetosphere: From Interball to Cluster. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 57–71

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Netherlands International Law Review.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Caterpillar uses toxic breath as a defense mechanism. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978) Navigation Planning: Need for a New Direction. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zavarella CA (2008) Computer -based instruction and remedial mathematics: A study of student retention at a Florida community college. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K (2010) Ready-to-Eat for Rosh Hashana. New York Times NJ14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Angerer 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Angerer 2004; Begley and Ellis 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Begley and Ellis 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Kolenderski et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNetherlands International Law Review
AbbreviationNeth. Int. Law Rev.
ISSN (print)0165-070X
ISSN (online)1741-6191

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