How to format your references using the Drug Resistance Updates citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drug Resistance Updates. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schneider, T.D., 2000. The bottle. Nature 406, 351.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weiss, J., Marsan, D., 2003. Three-dimensional mapping of dislocation avalanches: clustering and space/time coupling. Science 299, 89–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
Atallah, B.V., Scanziani, M., Carandini, M., 2014. Atallah et al. reply. Nature 508, E3.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Matsumura, R., Okamoto, A., Node, K., Akashi, M., 2014. Compensation for intracellular environment in expression levels of mammalian circadian clock genes. Sci. Rep. 4, 4032.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dorronsoro, B., Ruiz, P., Danoy, G., Pigné, Y., Bouvry, P., 2014. Evolutionary Algorithms for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Uden, L., Corchado Rodríguez, E.S., De Paz Santana, J.F., De la Prieta, F. (Eds.), 2012. Workshop on Learning Technology for Education in Cloud (LTEC’12), Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Miron, A.-D., Gensel, J., Villanova-Oliver, M., 2008. Semantic Analysis for the Geospatial Web – Application to OWL-DL Ontologies, in: Bertolotto, M., Ray, C., Li, X. (Eds.), Web and Wireless Geographical Information Systems: 8th International Symposium, W2GIS 2008, Shanghai, China, December 11-12, 2008. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 37–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drug Resistance Updates.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Vampire Spiders Hunt Blood-Filled, Malaria-Spreading Mosquitoes [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Mass Transit: FTA Needs to Better Define and Assess Impact of Certain Policies on New Starts Program (No. GAO-04-748). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Long, R.E., 2011. Performance Assessment of Predicted Heat Strain in High Heat Stress Exposures (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 2007. County Gears Up for Its First Empire Games. New York Times WE12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schneider, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Schneider, 2000; Weiss and Marsan, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weiss and Marsan, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Matsumura et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleDrug Resistance Updates
AbbreviationDrug Resist. Updat.
ISSN (print)1368-7646
ScopeCancer Research
Infectious Diseases
Pharmacology (medical)

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