How to format your references using the Drug Resistance Updates citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drug Resistance Updates. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Strohman, R., 2002. Maneuvering in the complex path from genotype to phenotype. Science 296, 701–703.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gordon, L.M., Joester, D., 2011. Nanoscale chemical tomography of buried organic-inorganic interfaces in the chiton tooth. Nature 469, 194–197.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nishimura, E.K., Granter, S.R., Fisher, D.E., 2005. Mechanisms of hair graying: incomplete melanocyte stem cell maintenance in the niche. Science 307, 720–724.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Smith, R.J., Veríssimo, D., Leader-Williams, N., Cowling, R.M., Knight, A.T., 2009. Let the locals lead. Nature 462, 280–281.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Egan, W.F., 2011. Advanced Frequency Synthesis by Phase Lock. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Combi, C., 2010. Temporal Information Systems in Medicine. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Glas, E., 2009. On the Role of Thought-Experiments in Mathematical Discovery, in: Meheus, J., Nickles, T. (Eds.), Models of Discovery and Creativity. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 57–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drug Resistance Updates.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Is This Really What A Big Mac Does To Your Body In An Hour? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Commuter Rail: Many Factors Influence Liability and Indemnity Provisions, and Options Exist to Facilitate Negotiations (No. GAO-09-282). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crossman, D.C., 2008. The impact of safety culture on worker motivation and the economic bottom line (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rojas, R., Mueller, B., 2015. Conflicting Accounts Emerge on What Set Off Deadly Violence at Upstate Church. New York Times A26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Strohman, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Gordon and Joester, 2011; Strohman, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gordon and Joester, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Smith et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleDrug Resistance Updates
AbbreviationDrug Resist. Updat.
ISSN (print)1368-7646
ScopeCancer Research
Infectious Diseases
Pharmacology (medical)

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