How to format your references using the Drug Resistance Updates citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drug Resistance Updates. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mattson, M.P., 2004. Pathways towards and away from Alzheimer’s disease. Nature 430, 631–639.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kosten, S., Lacerot, G., 2009. Life in science. It takes a village. Science 324, 1265.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, K., Mittler, J.E., Samudrala, R., 2006. Comment on “Evidence for positive epistasis in HIV-1.” Science 312, 848; author reply 848.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gao, R., Cui, Y., Liu, X., Wang, L., 2014. Multifunctional interface modification of energy relay dye in quasi-solid dye-sensitized solar cells. Sci. Rep. 4, 5570.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pohl, J., 2011. Building Science. Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Potiron, K., 2013. From Fault Classification to Fault Tolerance for Multi-Agent Systems, SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Turnquist, J.E., Cerroni, A.M., Faccia, K.J., Boyd, S.K., Hallgrimsson, B., 2012. Fragile Spines on Cayo Santiago: Bone Mineral Density, Trabecular Morphology, and the Potential for Exploring the Genetics of Osteoporosis in Rhesus Monkeys, in: Wang, Q. (Ed.), Bones, Genetics, and Behavior of Rhesus Macaques: Macaca Mulatta of Cayo Santiago and Beyond. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 85–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drug Resistance Updates.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Spectacular Stellar Winds Seen In Highest Resolution Yet [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Global Positioning System: Significant Challenges in Sustaining and Upgrading Widely Used Capabilities (No. GAO-09-325). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Richardson, S., 2014. Individual sense of efficacy, collective teacher efficacy and student achievement in high achieving and low achieving urban public schools (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G., 2010. Makeover for Wonder Woman at 69. New York Times C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mattson, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Kosten and Lacerot, 2009; Mattson, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kosten and Lacerot, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Gao et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleDrug Resistance Updates
AbbreviationDrug Resist. Updat.
ISSN (print)1368-7646
ScopeCancer Research
Infectious Diseases
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles