How to format your references using the Drug Resistance Updates citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drug Resistance Updates. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Keil, F.C., 2011. Psychology. Science starts early. Science 331, 1022–1023.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cheung, A.C.M., Cramer, P., 2011. Structural basis of RNA polymerase II backtracking, arrest and reactivation. Nature 471, 249–253.
A journal article with 3 authors
Appelbaum, I., Huang, B., Monsma, D.J., 2007. Electronic measurement and control of spin transport in silicon. Nature 447, 295–298.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wallraff, A., Lukashenko, A., Lisenfeld, J., Kemp, A., Fistul, M.V., Koval, Y., Ustinov, A.V., 2003. Quantum dynamics of a single vortex. Nature 425, 155–158.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Walter, R.J., 1998. Local Emergency Planning Committee Guidebook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Liñán Reyes, M., Flores Arias, J.M., González de la Rosa, J.J., Langer, J., Bellido Outeiriño, F.J., Moreno-Munñoz, A. (Eds.), 2012. IT Revolutions: Third International ICST Conference, Córdoba, Spain, March 23-25, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Moghrabi, I.A.R., Al-Mohammed, A.R., 2016. Social Media or Social Business Networks?, in: Dwivedi, Y.K., Mäntymäki, M., Ravishankar, M.N., Janssen, M., Clement, M., Slade, E.L., Rana, N.P., Al-Sharhan, S., Simintiras, A.C. (Eds.), Social Media: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly: 15th IFIP WG 6.11 Conference on e-Business, e-Services, and e-Society, I3E 2016, Swansea, UK, September 13–15, 2016, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 42–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drug Resistance Updates.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Water Vapour Discovered In The Atmosphere Of Neptune-Sized Exoplanet [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Information Technology: Census Bureau Needs to Implement Key Management Practices (No. GAO-12-915). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sink, R.C., 2010. Exploring a high school community relations and parent involvement program (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Keil, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Cheung and Cramer, 2011; Keil, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cheung and Cramer, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Wallraff et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleDrug Resistance Updates
AbbreviationDrug Resist. Updat.
ISSN (print)1368-7646
ScopeCancer Research
Infectious Diseases
Pharmacology (medical)

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