How to format your references using the Drug Resistance Updates citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drug Resistance Updates. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lipton, S.A., 2004. Turning down, but not off. Nature 428, 473.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rowan, L., Coontz, R., 2002. Great balls of fire. Star formation: a Web supplement. Science 295, 63.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mueller, K., Hough, S.E., Bilham, R., 2004. Analysing the 1811-1812 New Madrid earthquakes with recent instrumentally recorded aftershocks. Nature 429, 284–288.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pei, S., Zhang, H., Su, J., Cui, Z., 2014. Ductile gap between the Wenchuan and Lushan earthquakes revealed from the two-dimensional Pg seismic tomography. Sci. Rep. 4, 6489.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaszeta, D., 2012. CBRN and Hazmat Incidents at Major Public Events. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Howard, B., 2012. Intersections of Hirzebruch–Zagier Divisors and CM Cycles, Lecture Notes in Mathematics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bettini, L., 2013. Rapidly Implementing EMF Applications with EMF Components, in: Cordeiro, J., Hammoudi, S., Sinderen, M. van (Eds.), Software and Data Technologies: 7th International Conference, ICSOFT 2012, Rome, Italy, July 24-27, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 52–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drug Resistance Updates.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. Australia Is Planning On Using Brown Coal To Produce Hydrogen For Japanese Vehicles [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Commercial Space Launches: FAA’s Risk Assessment Process Is Not Yet Updated (No. GAO-14-328T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
He, W., 2017. A Comprehensive Analysis of Fracture Initiation and Propagation in Sandstones based on Micro-Level Observation and Digital Imaging Correlation (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., 2014. Organizer Says It Will Reinstate Appearance Fees for Top Racers. New York Times B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lipton, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Lipton, 2004; Rowan and Coontz, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rowan and Coontz, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Pei et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleDrug Resistance Updates
AbbreviationDrug Resist. Updat.
ISSN (print)1368-7646
ScopeCancer Research
Infectious Diseases
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles