How to format your references using the Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Macilwain C (2000) Green light for plans to sell off US helium reserve. Nature 405:496
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Nordborg M, Weigel D (2008) Next-generation genetics in plants. Nature 456:720–723
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Nahm H-H, Park CH, Kim Y-S (2014) Bistability of hydrogen in ZnO: origin of doping limit and persistent photoconductivity. Sci Rep 4:4124
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Duman-Scheel M, Weng L, Xin S, Du W (2002) Hedgehog regulates cell growth and proliferation by inducing Cyclin D and Cyclin E. Nature 417:299–304

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Delgado RL-C, Araki M (2006) Spoken, Multilingual and Multimodal Dialogue Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Safavi-Naini R, Canetti R (2012) Advances in Cryptology – CRYPTO 2012: 32nd Annual Cryptology Conference, Santa Barbara, CA, USA, August 19-23, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Van Dyke Parunak H, Bisson R, Brueckner S, et al (2006) Representing Dispositions and Emotions in Simulated Combat. In: Thompson SG, Ghanea-Hercock R (eds) Defence Applications of Multi-Agent Systems: International Workshop, DAMAS 2005, Utrecht, The Netherlands, July 25, 2005, Revised and Invited Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 51–65

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S (2016) Male Fiddler Crabs Don’t Know What Female Fiddler Crabs Want. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/male-fiddler-crabs-dont-know-what-female-fiddler-crabs-want/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1973) Protest Alleging Agency Did Not Evaluate Proposals Fairly. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Pak CH (2015) A study of high-performing at-risk high school students and their perceptions on academic success and achievement. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Genzlinger N, Hale M, Lyons M, Brantley B (2017) Vacation Selections For Trump. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCellular and Molecular Life Sciences
AbbreviationCell. Mol. Life Sci.
ISSN (print)1420-682X
ISSN (online)1420-9071
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Pharmacology

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