How to format your references using the Nephron Experimental Nephrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nephron Experimental Nephrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Gee H. Origin and evolution of vertebrates. Nature. 2015 Apr;520(7548):449.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Sheridan GK, Dev KK. Targeting S1P receptors in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in mice improves early deficits in locomotor activity and increases ultrasonic vocalisations. Sci Rep. 2014 May;4:5051.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Cho Y, Lee JB, Hong J. Controlled release of an anti-cancer drug from DNA structured nano-films. Sci Rep. 2014 Feb;4:4078.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Wolfrum C, Asilmaz E, Luca E, Friedman JM, Stoffel M. Foxa2 regulates lipid metabolism and ketogenesis in the liver during fasting and in diabetes. Nature. 2004 Dec;432(7020):1027–32.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Santamarina JC, Fratta D. Discrete Signals and Inverse Problems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1
Mouza C, Lavigne N, editors. Emerging Technologies for the Classroom: A Learning Sciences Perspective. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Skubov D, Khodzhaev KS. Periodic solutions in problems of excitation of mechanical oscillations. In: Khodzhaev KS, editor. Non-Linear Electromechanics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008; pp 175–204.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nephron Experimental Nephrology.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Citizens Are Helping Document The Serengeti’s Enigmatic Wildlife [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Jun [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/citizens-are-helping-document-serengetis-enigmatic-wildlife/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Core Competencies for Financial System Analysts in the Federal Government (Exposure Draft). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Porter SM. Orthographic influence on the perception and production of Spanish loans in English. 2010

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Schulman M, White A. At Camp John Waters, a Band of ‘Filthy Freaks.’ New York Times. 2017 Oct;ST1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNephron Experimental Nephrology
ISSN (online)1660-2129
ScopeGenetics
Physiology
General Medicine
Nephrology

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