How to format your references using the Nephron Experimental Nephrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nephron Experimental Nephrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Horton JC. Boundary disputes. Nature. 2000 Aug;406(6796):565.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hsieh HH, Jewitt D. A population of comets in the main asteroid belt. Science. 2006 Apr;312(5773):561–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rowe T, McBride EF, Sereno PC. Dinosaur with a heart of stone. Science. 2001 Feb;291(5505):783.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pomeranz Krummel DA, Oubridge C, Leung AKW, Li J, Nagai K. Crystal structure of human spliceosomal U1 snRNP at 5.5 A resolution. Nature. 2009 Mar;458(7237):475–80.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pick JB. Geo-Business GIS in the Digital Organization. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Sanayei A, Zelinka I, Rössler OE, editors. ISCS 2013: Interdisciplinary Symposium on Complex Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Dragan YP. Chemically-Induced Hepatocarcinogenesis. In: Carr BI, editor. Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Diagnosis and Treatment. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016; pp 65–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nephron Experimental Nephrology.

Blog post
Davis J. Report Reveals 20% Of All Plants At Risk Of Extinction [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 May


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Procedures for Evaluating Research and Development Contracts in the Department of Transportation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mullen CR. Factors Influencing Canadian Power Engineers’ Decision to Pursue Advanced Certification. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman J. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times. 2016 Sep;MM38.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNephron Experimental Nephrology
ISSN (online)1660-2129
General Medicine

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