How to format your references using the Nephron Experimental Nephrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nephron Experimental Nephrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Bürger G: Comment on “The spatial extent of 20th-century warmth in the context of the past 1200 years.” Science 2007;316:1844; author reply 1844.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Adam C, Vidal V: Mantle flow drives the subsidence of oceanic plates. Science 2010;328:83–85.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Mora C, Danovaro R, Loreau M: Alternative hypotheses to explain why biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationships are concave-up in some natural ecosystems but concave-down in manipulative experiments. Sci Rep 2014;4:5427.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Chiti F, Stefani M, Taddei N, Ramponi G, Dobson CM: Rationalization of the effects of mutations on peptide and protein aggregation rates. Nature 2003;424:805–808.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Diamond N: Between Skins. Oxford, John Wiley & Sons, 2013.
An edited book
1
Brown S, Grävingholt J (eds): The Securitization of Foreign Aid. London, Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Han J-M, Yi B-J: An Orbital Velocity-Based Obstacle Avoidance Algorithm for Surgical Robots; in Lee S, Cho H, Yoon K-J, Lee J (eds): Intelligent Autonomous Systems 12: Volume 2 Proceedings of the 12th International Conference IAS-12, held June 26-29, 2012, Jeju Island, Korea. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2013, pp 37–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nephron Experimental Nephrology.

Blog post
1
Hamilton K: What Would It Look Like If The Moon Were A Disco Ball? IFLScience 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/what-if-moon-was-disco-ball/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office: Making Evaluations Relevant to Congressional Needs. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Brown JR: Trajectories of parents’ experiences in discovering, reporting, and living with the aftermath of middle school bullying 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Vecsey G: College Athletes Move Concussions Into the Courtroom. New York Times 2011;B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNephron Experimental Nephrology
ISSN (online)1660-2129
ScopeGenetics
Physiology
General Medicine
Nephrology

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