How to format your references using the Neophilologus citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neophilologus. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sutherland, W. J. (2005). The best solution. Nature, 435(7042), 569.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zarur, A. J., & Ying, J. Y. (2000). Reverse microemulsion synthesis of nanostructured complex oxides for catalytic combustion. Nature, 403(6765), 65–67.
A journal article with 3 authors
Clevers, H., Loh, K. M., & Nusse, R. (2014). Stem cell signaling. An integral program for tissue renewal and regeneration: Wnt signaling and stem cell control. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6205), 1248012.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gange, A. C., Gange, E. G., Sparks, T. H., & Boddy, L. (2007). Rapid and recent changes in fungal fruiting patterns. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5821), 71.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Diamond, D. (2015). Trading as a Business. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mayorga, R. V., & Perlovsky, L. I. (Eds.). (2008). Toward Artificial Sapience: Principles and Methods for Wise Systems. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ching, W.-K., Huang, X., Ng, M. K., & Siu, T.-K. (2013). A Hidden Markov Model for Customer Classification. In X. Huang, M. K. Ng, & T.-K. Siu (Eds.), Markov Chains: Models, Algorithms and Applications (pp. 97–106). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neophilologus.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, February 7). Bizarre-Looking Hairy Slug Fossil May Be The Ancestor To Snails, Clams, And Octopuses. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). [Review of DOD Programs Funded With R&D Appropriations] (No. B-220682). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rouhani, M. (2013). Overdose prevention and naloxone distribution: A grant project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M. M., & Saulny, S. (2010, May 22). A Tragedy in Detroit, With a Reality TV Crew in Tow. New York Times, p. A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sutherland 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Sutherland 2005; Zarur and Ying 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zarur and Ying 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Gange et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeophilologus
ISSN (print)0028-2677
ISSN (online)1572-8668
ScopeLiterature and Literary Theory
Linguistics and Language

Other styles