How to format your references using the Neophilologus citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neophilologus. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gaston, K. J. (2010). Ecology. Valuing common species. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5962), 154–155.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tamaru, H., & Selker, E. U. (2001). A histone H3 methyltransferase controls DNA methylation in Neurospora crassa. Nature, 414(6861), 277–283.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vogel, E. K., McCollough, A. W., & Machizawa, M. G. (2005). Neural measures reveal individual differences in controlling access to working memory. Nature, 438(7067), 500–503.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kim, H. J., Lee, S.-M., Oh, Y.-S., Yang, Y.-H., Lim, Y. S., Yoon, D. H., et al. (2014). Unoxidized graphene/alumina nanocomposite: fracture- and wear-resistance effects of graphene on alumina matrix. Scientific reports, 4, 5176.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maji, P., & Pal, S. K. (2012). Rough-Fuzzy Pattern Recognition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kurosaki, T., & Wienands, J. (Eds.). (2016). B Cell Receptor Signaling (1st ed. 2016., Vol. 393). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Beheshti, S.-M.-R., Benatallah, B., Sakr, S., Grigori, D., Motahari-Nezhad, H. R., Barukh, M. C., et al. (2016). Business Process Data Analysis. In B. Benatallah, S. Sakr, D. Grigori, H. R. Motahari-Nezhad, M. C. Barukh, A. Gater, & S. H. Ryu (Eds.), Process Analytics: Concepts and Techniques for Querying and Analyzing Process Data (pp. 107–134). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neophilologus.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 17). This Font Simulates What It’s Like To Have Dyslexia. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Elementary and Secondary Education: Flexibility Initiatives Do Not Address Districts’ Key Concerns About Federal Requirements (No. T-HEHS-00-51). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haile, M. D. (2012). A mental health community outreach and education program for Eritrean immigrants: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2008, November 8). Georgian Church Envoys Meet With Russian Official. New York Times, p. A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gaston 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Gaston 2010; Tamaru and Selker 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tamaru and Selker 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeophilologus
ISSN (print)0028-2677
ISSN (online)1572-8668
ScopeLiterature and Literary Theory
Linguistics and Language

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