How to format your references using the Neophilologus citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neophilologus. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bohannon, J. (2011). The Science Hall of Fame. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6014), 143.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilson, R. I., & Nicoll, R. A. (2001). Endogenous cannabinoids mediate retrograde signalling at hippocampal synapses. Nature, 410(6828), 588–592.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brunkard, J. O., Runkel, A. M., & Zambryski, P. C. (2015). Evolution. Comment on “A promiscuous intermediate underlies the evolution of LEAFY DNA binding specificity.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6222), 621.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Esplugues, E., Huber, S., Gagliani, N., Hauser, A. E., Town, T., Wan, Y. Y., et al. (2011). Control of TH17 cells occurs in the small intestine. Nature, 475(7357), 514–518.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ersoy, O. K. (2007). Diffraction, Fourier Optics and Imaging. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gaol, F. L. (Ed.). (2013). Recent Progress in Data Engineering and Internet Technology: Volume 1 (Vol. 156). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rosaci, D., & Sarné, G. M. L. (2014). REBECCA: A Trust-Based Filtering to Improve Recommendations for B2C e-Commerce. In F. Zavoral, J. J. Jung, & C. Badica (Eds.), Intelligent Distributed Computing VII: Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Intelligent Distributed Computing - IDC 2013, Prague, Czech Republic, September 2013 (pp. 31–36). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neophilologus.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, July 26). Dutch Men And Latvian Women Are World’s Tallest, 100-Year-Long Study Reveals. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Next Generation Air Transportation System: Progress and Challenges in Planning and Implementing the Transformation of the National Airspace System (No. GAO-07-649T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Knight, M. (2012). Technological Advancement in Conflict Assessment: A Case Study of the Fund for Peace’s Universal Network of Local Knowledge in Liberia (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goodman, J. (2016, October 9). The Other 1 Percent. New York Times, p. BR25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bohannon 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Bohannon 2011; Wilson and Nicoll 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wilson and Nicoll 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Esplugues et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeophilologus
ISSN (print)0028-2677
ISSN (online)1572-8668
ScopeLiterature and Literary Theory
Linguistics and Language

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