How to format your references using the Neophilologus citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neophilologus. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mank, J. E. (2009). Evolution. Sexual selection and Darwin’s mystery of mysteries. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5960), 1639–1640.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jenet, F. A., & Ransom, S. M. (2004). The geometry of the double-pulsar system J0737-3039 from systematic intensity variations. Nature, 428(6986), 919–921.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ackermann, M., Stearns, S. C., & Jenal, U. (2003). Senescence in a bacterium with asymmetric division. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5627), 1920.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Li, L., Liang, J., Chou, S.-Y., Zhu, X., Niu, X., ZhibinYu, & Pei, Q. (2014). A solution processed flexible nanocomposite electrode with efficient light extraction for organic light emitting diodes. Scientific reports, 4, 4307.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mattu, A., Grossman, S. A., & Rosen, P. L. (2016). Geriatric Emergencies. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Weist, M. D., Lever, N. A., Bradshaw, C. P., & Owens, J. S. (Eds.). (2014). Handbook of School Mental Health: Research, Training, Practice, and Policy (2nd ed. 2014.). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Verstraete, J. (2011). Higher Reasoning with Level-2 Fuzzy Regions. In H. Christiansen, G. D. Tré, A. Yazici, S. Zadrozny, T. Andreasen, & H. L. Larsen (Eds.), Flexible Query Answering Systems: 9th International Conference, FQAS 2011, Ghent, Belgium, October 26-28, 2011 Proceedings (pp. 49–59). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neophilologus.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, July 17). The Uncomfortable Truth About The Tiger Trade Ban. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). NASA: Assessments of Selected Large-Scale Projects (No. GAO-09-306SP). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McLeod, D. J. (2010). From fear to freedom: Overcoming obstacles and living truthfully in a role (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M. D., & Nixon, R. (2017, September 22). Ban on Travel Will Be Replaced With New Schedule of Targeted Restrictions. New York Times, p. A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mank 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Jenet and Ransom 2004; Mank 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jenet and Ransom 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeophilologus
ISSN (print)0028-2677
ISSN (online)1572-8668
ScopeLiterature and Literary Theory
Linguistics and Language

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