How to format your references using the The Condor citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Condor. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meyer-Lindenberg, A. (2008). Psychology. Trust me on this. Science (New York, N.Y.) 321:778–780.
A journal article with 2 authors
Palfrey, J., and J. Zittrain (2011). Information science. Better data for a better Internet. Science (New York, N.Y.) 334:1210–1211.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sword, G. A., P. D. Lorch, and D. T. Gwynne (2005). Insect behaviour: migratory bands give crickets protection. Nature 433:703.
A journal article with 13 or more authors
Koziol, K., J. Vilatela, A. Moisala, M. Motta, P. Cunniff, M. Sennett, and A. Windle (2007). High-performance carbon nanotube fiber. Science (New York, N.Y.) 318:1892–1895.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fraser, J., and B. J. Simkins (2009). Enterprise Risk Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ascoli, G. A., M. Hawrylycz, H. Ali, D. Khazanchi, and Y. Shi (Editors) (2016). Brain Informatics and Health: International Conference, BIH 2016, Omaha, NE, USA, October 13-16, 2016 Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Angelini, P., G. Da Lozzo, G. Di Battista, and F. Frati (2013). Strip Planarity Testing. In Graph Drawing: 21st International Symposium, GD 2013, Bordeaux, France, September 23-25, 2013, Revised Selected Papers (S. Wismath and A. Wolff, Editors). Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 37–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Condor.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017). Planets Might Be Forming Thanks To Dust Traps. IFLScience. [Online.] Available at


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1974). Activities of the National Institute of Education, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. U.S. Government Printing Office B-164031(1).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bryan, D. (2015). Facilitators or impediments to college readiness.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ryerson, J. (2016). The Truth Is Out There. New York Times:BR31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Meyer-Lindenberg 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Meyer-Lindenberg 2008, Palfrey and Zittrain 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Palfrey and Zittrain 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Koziol et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Condor
ISSN (print)0010-5422
ISSN (online)1938-5129
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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