How to format your references using the The Condor citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Condor. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Svoboda, P. (2010). Journal club. A molecular biologist explores how new genomic tools can be applied to wild animals. Nature 465:529.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roelofs, J., and P. J. Van Haastert (2001). Genes lost during evolution. Nature 411:1013–1014.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wolfe, N. D., C. P. Dunavan, and J. Diamond (2007). Origins of major human infectious diseases. Nature 447:279–283.
A journal article with 13 or more authors
Otsu, T., T. Ando, Y. Takiguchi, Y. Ohtake, H. Toyoda, and H. Itoh (2014). Direct evidence for three-dimensional off-axis trapping with single Laguerre-Gaussian beam. Scientific reports 4:4579.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Garton, A. F. (2008). Exploring Cognitive Development: The Child as Problem Solver. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Badescu, V., and K. Zacny (Editors) (2015). Inner Solar System: Prospective Energy and Material Resources. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Chervenak, A., and S. Bharathi (2008). Peer-to-Peer Approaches to Grid Resource Discovery. In Making Grids Work: Proceedings of the CoreGRID Workshop on Programming Models Grid and P2P System Architecture Grid Systems, Tools and Environments 12-13 June 2007, Heraklion, Crete, Greece (P. Fragopoulou and V. Getov, Editors). Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 59–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Condor.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014). The Pentagon Has A Zombie Apocalypse Emergency Plan. IFLScience. [Online.] Available at


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1972). Selected Contracts, Purchase Orders, and Grants Awarded to Indian Tribes and Organizations During Fiscal Year 1971. U.S. Government Printing Office B-114868.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Panteleyeva, N. B. (2010). Statistical methods of latent structure discovery in child-directed speech.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2003). Glittering Prizes. New York Times:141.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Svoboda 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Roelofs and Van Haastert 2001, Svoboda 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roelofs and Van Haastert 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Otsu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Condor
ISSN (print)0010-5422
ISSN (online)1938-5129
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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