How to format your references using the The Condor citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Condor. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Padma, T. V. (2005). Strength in numbers. Nature 436:492–493.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yang, H.-I., and F.-G. Zeng (2013). Reduced acoustic and electric integration in concurrent-vowel recognition. Scientific reports 3:1419.
A journal article with 3 authors
Olveczky, B. P., S. A. Baccus, and M. Meister (2003). Segregation of object and background motion in the retina. Nature 423:401–408.
A journal article with 13 or more authors
Merckx, T., C. Souffreau, A. Kaiser, L. F. Baardsen, T. Backeljau, D. Bonte, K. I. Brans, M. Cours, M. Dahirel, N. Debortoli, K. De Wolf, et al. (2018). Body-size shifts in aquatic and terrestrial urban communities. Nature 558:113–116.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goldstein, L. S. B., and M. Schneider (2010). Stem Cells for Dummies®. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Noble, J., and R. Johnson (Editors) (2009). Transactions on Pattern Languages of Programming I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Mei, Y.-F., B. Harrach, and G. Wadell (2011). Mastadenovirus. In The Springer Index of Viruses (C. Tidona and G. Darai, Editors). Springer, New York, NY, pp. 33–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Condor.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2015). Watch Live As An Enormous Asteroid Whizzes Past Earth This Halloween. IFLScience. [Online.] Available at


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992). Transportation Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office OCG-93-14TR.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gramajo, G. G. (2014). Guidance control of small UAV with energy and maneuverability limitations for a search and coverage mission.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M. M. (2017). A Fox News Host Criticizes Trump, and Some Viewers Bristle. New York Times:A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Padma 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Padma 2005, Yang and Zeng 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yang and Zeng 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Merckx et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Condor
ISSN (print)0010-5422
ISSN (online)1938-5129
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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