How to format your references using the The Condor citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Condor. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yellen, G. (2002). The voltage-gated potassium channels and their relatives. Nature 419:35–42.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johnson, L. D. S., and S. C. Jameson (2009). Immunology. A chronic need for IL-21. Science (New York, N.Y.) 324:1525–1526.
A journal article with 3 authors
Froemke, R. C., M. M. Merzenich, and C. E. Schreiner (2007). A synaptic memory trace for cortical receptive field plasticity. Nature 450:425–429.
A journal article with 13 or more authors
Wehrli, M., S. T. Dougan, K. Caldwell, L. O’Keefe, S. Schwartz, D. Vaizel-Ohayon, E. Schejter, A. Tomlinson, and S. DiNardo (2000). arrow encodes an LDL-receptor-related protein essential for Wingless signalling. Nature 407:527–530.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Clarke, A., A. Thompson, E. Jenkinson, N. Rumsey, and R. Newell (2013). CBT for Appearance Anxiety. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford.
An edited book
Furnell, S., S. K. Katsikas, and A. Lioy (Editors) (2008). Trust, Privacy and Security in Digital Business: 5th International Conference, TrustBus 2008 Turin, Italy, September 4-5, 2008 Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Zuidema, C., and G. de Roo (2015). Making Sense of Decentralization: Coping with the Complexities of the Urban Environment. In Risk Governance: The Articulation of Hazard, Politics and Ecology (U. Fra.Paleo, Editor). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 59–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Condor.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Amazing Video Of A Mantis Shrimp Spearing A Fish In Slow Motion. IFLScience. [Online.] Available at


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012). Supply Chain Security: CBP Needs to Conduct Regular Assessments of Its Cargo Targeting System. U.S. Government Printing Office GAO-13-9.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peacock, C. (2012). Design science research toward designing/prototyping a repeatable model for testing location management (LM) algorithms for wireless networking.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, B. Y. L. (2008). Body of Evidence. New York Times:M2216.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yellen 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Yellen 2002, Johnson and Jameson 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Johnson and Jameson 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Wehrli et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Condor
ISSN (print)0010-5422
ISSN (online)1938-5129
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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