How to format your references using the The Condor citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Condor. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sutherland, W. J. (2003). Parallel extinction risk and global distribution of languages and species. Nature 423:276–279.
A journal article with 2 authors
Takken, F. L. W., and W. I. L. Tameling (2009). To nibble at plant resistance proteins. Science (New York, N.Y.) 324:744–746.
A journal article with 3 authors
Palenzuela, C., L. Lehner, and S. L. Liebling (2010). Dual jets from binary black holes. Science (New York, N.Y.) 329:927–930.
A journal article with 13 or more authors
Gottar, M., V. Gobert, T. Michel, M. Belvin, G. Duyk, J. A. Hoffmann, D. Ferrandon, and J. Royet (2002). The Drosophila immune response against Gram-negative bacteria is mediated by a peptidoglycan recognition protein. Nature 416:640–644.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Atherton, J., F. Gil, and Center for Chemical Process Safety (2008). Incidents That Define Process Safety. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Petersen, T. J., S. E. Sprich, and S. Wilhelm (Editors) (2016). The Massachusetts General Hospital Handbook of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. 1st ed. 2016. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Yu, C.-L., R. Jove, and J. Turkson (2016). Historical Development of STAT3 Inhibitors and Early Results in Clinical Trials. In STAT Inhibitors in Cancer (A. C. Ward, Editor). Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 69–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Condor.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2015). The Utterly Horrifying Ways That Doctors Used To Test For Pregnancy. IFLScience. [Online.] Available at


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008). District of Columbia Public Schools: While Early Reform Efforts Tackle Critical Management Issues, a District-Wide Strategic Education Plan Would Help Guide Long-Term Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office GAO-08-549T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Igbojekwe, S. C. (2014). Development of Environmental Friendly Cement for Oil and Gas Well Application.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017). Left on Purpose. New York Times:C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sutherland 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Sutherland 2003, Takken and Tameling 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Takken and Tameling 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Gottar et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Condor
ISSN (print)0010-5422
ISSN (online)1938-5129
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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