How to format your references using the Journal of Congenital Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Congenital Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Ainsworth C. Agriculture: A new breed of edits. Nature. 2015;528:S15-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Drake JJ, Testa P. The “solar model problem” solved by the abundance of neon in nearby stars. Nature. 2005;436:525–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Pollack SE, Dries D, Hulet RG. Universality in three- and four-body bound states of ultracold atoms. Science. 2009;326:1683–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Liss KD, Hock R, Gomm M, Waibel B, Magerl A, Krisch M, et al. Storage of X-ray photons in a crystal resonator. Nature. 2000;404:371–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Omura G, Benton BC. Mastering AutoCAD and AutoCAD LT. Indianapolis, Indiana: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1. Blevins-Knabe B, Austin AMB, editors. Early Childhood Mathematics Skill Development in the Home Environment. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Bettinger P, Kim Y-H. Spatial Optimisation – Computational Methods. In: Gadow K von, Pukkala T, editors. Designing Green Landscapes. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008. p. 111–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Congenital Cardiology.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Here Are Some Common Sex Myths That Everyone Really Needs To Stop Believing [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: FTA Needs to Better Define and Assess Impact of Certain Policies on New Starts Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Jun. Report No.: GAO-04-748.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Sanchez M. For imagination and love – The permanence of the Mexican father who fathers at a distance [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Shea CD. The Détente That Wasn’t: Putin’s Call to Elton John. New York Times. 2015 Sep 16;A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Congenital Cardiology
ISSN (online)2056-7251

Other styles