How to format your references using the Journal of Congenital Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Congenital Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Glaser G. Policy: Base sustainable development goals on science. Nature. 2012;491:35.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Tomasello M, Kaminski J. Behavior. Like infant, like dog. Science. 2009;325:1213–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Dobson DP, Meredith PG, Boon SA. Simulation of subduction zone seismicity by dehydration of serpentine. Science. 2002;298:1407–10.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wang J-J, Lv A-F, Wang Y-Q, Cui B, Yan H-J, Hu J-S, et al. Integrated prototype nanodevices via SnO₂ nanoparticles decorated SnSe nanosheets. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2613.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Saliba AJ, Corona JC, Johnson KE. Option Spread Strategies. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Billett S, editor. Learning Through Practice: Models, Traditions, Orientations and Approaches. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kaleem A, Ahmad S. Bankers’ Perception towards Bai Salam Method for Agriculture Financing in Pakistan. In: Harrison T, Ibrahim E, editors. Islamic Finance: Principles, Performance and Prospects. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 66–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Congenital Cardiology.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Most Eucalypts Are Ill-Suited To A Warming World, But Unusual Discovery Could Hold Solution [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Independent Estimate of Total Annual Costs Associated With Government Owned and Used ADP Equipment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973 Apr. Report No.: B-115369.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Bravo D. Parents’ perspectives of undocumented students’ transition from high school [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Burghardt LF. Neighbors Protest Flea Market’s Move to Belmont Park. New York Times. 2007 Jan 7;LI11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Congenital Cardiology
ISSN (online)2056-7251

Other styles