How to format your references using the Journal of Congenital Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Congenital Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Carbillon L. Comment on “Maternal oxytocin triggers a transient inhibitory switch in GABA signaling in the fetal brain during delivery.” Science. 2007;317:197; author reply 197.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Hinton GE, Salakhutdinov RR. Reducing the dimensionality of data with neural networks. Science. 2006;313:504–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Suzuki T, Asami M, Perry ACF. Asymmetric parental genome engineering by Cas9 during mouse meiotic exit. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7621.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Cristol DA, Brasso RL, Condon AM, Fovargue RE, Friedman SL, Hallinger KK, et al. The movement of aquatic mercury through terrestrial food webs. Science. 2008;320:335.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Anderson JB, Johannesson R. Understanding Information Transmission. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Sebban S, Gautier J, Ros D, Zeitoun P, editors. X-Ray Lasers 2012: Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers, 11–15 June 2012, Paris, France. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Evans MA, Saint-Aubin J. An Eye for Print: Child and Adult Attention to Print During Shared Book Reading. In: Aram D, Korat O, editors. Literacy Development and Enhancement Across Orthographies and Cultures. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010. p. 43–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Congenital Cardiology.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Human Stem Cells Help Grow Long Axons in Rat Spines [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/human-stem-cells-help-grow-long-axons-rat-spines/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Better Use of Information Technology Can Reduce the Burden of Federal Paperwork. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1983 Apr. Report No.: GGD-83-39.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Kafi W. The effects of patient demographic variables on cesarean section-related surgical site infection rates [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Trump v. the Court. New York Times. 2017 Feb 4;SR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Congenital Cardiology
ISSN (online)2056-7251
Scope

Other styles