How to format your references using the Journal of Congenital Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Congenital Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Soloveichik GL. Electrochemistry: Metal-free energy storage. Nature. 2014;505:163–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wynia MK, Gostin L. Medicine. The bioterrorist threat and access to health care. Science. 2002;296:1613.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Tarlinton RE, Meers J, Young PR. Retroviral invasion of the koala genome. Nature. 2006;442:79–81.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Manke IA, Lowery DM, Nguyen A, Yaffe MB. BRCT repeats as phosphopeptide-binding modules involved in protein targeting. Science. 2003;302:636–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Ibe OC. Fundamentals of Stochastic Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Wu X. Structure-Preserving Algorithms for Oscillatory Differential Equations II. 1st ed. 2015. Liu K, Shi W, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kressner D, Macedo F. Low-Rank Tensor Methods for Communicating Markov Processes. In: Norman G, Sanders W, editors. Quantitative Evaluation of Systems: 11th International Conference, QEST 2014, Florence, Italy, September 8-10, 2014 Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 25–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Congenital Cardiology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Scientists Grow Hair Using Stem Cells [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/scientists-grow-hair-using-stem-cells/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Contemplated Legislation To Provide Telecommunications for the Deaf. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978 Aug. Report No.: LCD-78-118.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Lee Y-J. Copying and summarizing: Possible tools to develop English reading and writing for university students of different proficiency levels in Korea [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Grynbaum MM, Victor D. Fox News Retracts Theory On Killing of D.N.C. Aide. New York Times. 2017 May 23;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Congenital Cardiology
ISSN (online)2056-7251
Scope

Other styles