How to format your references using the Neohelicon citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neohelicon. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nieto, M. A. (2013). Epithelial plasticity: a common theme in embryonic and cancer cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6159), 1234850.
A journal article with 2 authors
Irion, U., & St Johnston, D. (2007). bicoid RNA localization requires specific binding of an endosomal sorting complex. Nature, 445(7127), 554–558.
A journal article with 3 authors
Simmons, S. L., Bazylinski, D. A., & Edwards, K. J. (2006). South-seeking magnetotactic bacteria in the Northern Hemisphere. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5759), 371–374.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Allen, M. R., Frame, D. J., Huntingford, C., Jones, C. D., Lowe, J. A., Meinshausen, M., & Meinshausen, N. (2009). Warming caused by cumulative carbon emissions towards the trillionth tonne. Nature, 458(7242), 1163–1166.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reid, R., Fraser-King, G., & Schwaderer, W. D. (2006). Data Lifecycles. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Poveda, R. L. (2016). Carbon Nanofiber Reinforced Polymer Composites. (N. Gupta, Ed.) (1st ed. 2016.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Wijesundara, M. B. J., & Azevedo, R. G. (2011). Packaging. In R. Azevedo (Ed.), Silicon Carbide Microsystems for Harsh Environments (pp. 167–188). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neohelicon.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2017, April 6). Depicting Film Baddies With Skin Conditions Is Damaging To Real Sufferers, Say Dermatologists. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). District of Columbia: Extent to Which Schools Receive Available Federal Education Grants (No. T-HEHS-98-239). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hertzman, R. (2013). Yemen’s migrant networks as critical factor in political opposition to the Imamate (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, July 22). From India, Bridal Baubles. New York Times, p. E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nieto 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Irion and St Johnston 2007; Nieto 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Irion and St Johnston 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Allen et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeohelicon
ISSN (print)0324-4652
ISSN (online)1588-2810
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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