How to format your references using the Neohelicon citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neohelicon. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
von Boehmer, H. (2006). Immunology. Thoracic thymus, exclusive no longer. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5771), 206–207.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson, D. M., & Archer, D. (2002). Glacial--interglacial stability of ocean pH inferred from foraminifer dissolution rates. Nature, 416(6876), 70–73.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sezen, U. U., Chazdon, R. L., & Holsinger, K. E. (2005). Genetic consequences of tropical second-growth forest regeneration. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5711), 891.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ferraroli, S., Georges, J.-Y., Gaspar, P., & Le Maho, Y. (2004). Endangered species: where leatherback turtles meet fisheries. Nature, 429(6991), 521–522.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perlmutter, D. D., & Rothstein, R. L. (2010). The Challenge of Climate Change. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Laugier, C., & Chatila, R. (Eds.). (2007). Autonomous Navigation in Dynamic Environments (Vol. 35). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bruno, D., Greco, F., & Lonetti, P. (2010). Dynamic Crack Propagation in Composite Structures. In A. Öchsner, L. F. M. da Silva, & H. Altenbach (Eds.), Materials with Complex Behaviour: Modelling, Simulation, Testing, and Applications (pp. 57–81). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neohelicon.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, August 5). New Brightly Colored Lizard Named After David Attenborough. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1979). Immigration and Naturalization Service Proposed Procurement of Automated Data Processing Equipment To Streamline and Update Office Procedures (No. 109955). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aggarwal, E. (2012). South Asian women’s attitudes toward help-seeking behaviors (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ember, S. (2016, August 12). After 11 Years, The Huffington Post Will No Longer Be Run by Huffington. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (von Boehmer 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Anderson and Archer 2002; von Boehmer 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anderson and Archer 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Ferraroli et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeohelicon
ISSN (print)0324-4652
ISSN (online)1588-2810
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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