How to format your references using the Neohelicon citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neohelicon. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Simpson, R. W. (2000). SEISMOLOGY: Watching the Hayward Fault. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5482), 1147–1148.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwartz, J. H., & Tattersall, I. (2015). ANTHROPOLOGY. Defining the genus Homo. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6251), 931–932.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maurer, S. M., Hugenholtz, P. B., & Onsrud, H. J. (2001). Intellectual property. Europe’s database experiment. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5543), 789–790.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sundkvist, D., Krasnoselskikh, V., Shukla, P. K., Vaivads, A., André, M., Buchert, S., & Rème, H. (2005). In situ multi-satellite detection of coherent vortices as a manifestation of Alfvénic turbulence. Nature, 436(7052), 825–828.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rankin, J. (2008). Effects of Antenatal Exercise on Psychological Well-Being, Pregnancy and Birth Outcome. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Whurr Publishers Ltd.
An edited book
Iskra-Golec, I., Barnes-Farrell, J., & Bohle, P. (Eds.). (2016). Social and Family Issues in Shift Work and Non Standard Working Hours. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Greenstone, B. (2009). Brian Greenstone’s Jedi Master List for Game Optimization. In J. Bondo, A. Fothergill, B. Greenstone, O. Hennessy, M. Kasprzak, M. Lee, et al. (Eds.), iPhone Games Projects (pp. 99–127). Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neohelicon.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, January 18). Why Do So Many People Sneeze When They Look At The Sun? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Improvements Needed in DOT’s Hazardous Materials Rail Safety Program (No. T-RCED-90-13). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gandarilla, A. H. (2009). Family preservation: A content analysis of literature (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, S. (2017, April 14). Is This How a Woman Could Win? New York Times, p. SR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Simpson 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Schwartz and Tattersall 2015; Simpson 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schwartz and Tattersall 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Sundkvist et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeohelicon
ISSN (print)0324-4652
ISSN (online)1588-2810
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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