How to format your references using the Neohelicon citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neohelicon. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sridhar, D. (2012). Health policy: Regulate alcohol for global health. Nature, 482(7385), 302.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cincotta, R. P., & Crane, B. B. (2001). Public health. The Mexico City policy and U.S. family planning assistance. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5542), 525–526.
A journal article with 3 authors
West, S. A., Pen, I., & Griffin, A. S. (2002). Cooperation and competition between relatives. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5565), 72–75.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Matsumura, R., Okamoto, A., Node, K., & Akashi, M. (2014). Compensation for intracellular environment in expression levels of mammalian circadian clock genes. Scientific reports, 4, 4032.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anaya-Lara, O., Campos-Gaona, D., Moreno-Goytia, E., & Adam, G. (2014). Offshore Wind Energy Generation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kamat, R. K. (2009). Unleash the System On Chip using FPGAs and Handel C. (S. A. Shinde & V. G. Shelake, Eds.). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Seeram, E., & Sil, J. (2013). Computed Tomography: Physical Principles, Instrumentation, and Quality Control. In D. W. Jones, P. Hogg, & E. Seeram (Eds.), Practical SPECT/CT in Nuclear Medicine (pp. 77–107). London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neohelicon.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, February 6). More Hints From CERN On Why The Universe Is Made Of Matter. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Army Networks: Select Programs Are Utilizing Competition to Varying Degrees (No. GAO-14-460). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Newfang, D. A. (2017). A Historical Assessment of Asbestos Exposure, Abatement Methods and Containment Efficacy During Asbestos Containing Material Removal Activities at a Large Federal Facility (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2009, May 3). A Tea ‘Room,’ on 2 Floors. New York Times, p. NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sridhar 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Cincotta and Crane 2001; Sridhar 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cincotta and Crane 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Matsumura et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeohelicon
ISSN (print)0324-4652
ISSN (online)1588-2810
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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