How to format your references using the Cognitive Neuropsychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cognitive Neuropsychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Xie, X. S. (2013). Biochemistry. Enzyme kinetics, past and present. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6165), 1457–1459.
A journal article with 2 authors
Morata, G., & Ballesteros-Arias, L. (2014). Developmental Biology. Death to the losers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6214), 1181–1182.
A journal article with 3 authors
Roy, M., Jordan, T. H., & Pederson, J. (2009). Colorado Plateau magmatism and uplift by warming of heterogeneous lithosphere. Nature, 459(7249), 978–982.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
O’Neal, K. R., Brinzari, T. V., Wright, J. B., Ma, C., Giri, S., Schlueter, J. A., … Musfeldt, J. L. (2014). Pressure-induced magnetic crossover driven by hydrogen bonding in CuF₂(H₂O)₂(3-chloropyridine). Scientific Reports, 4, 6054.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heines, M. H. (2014). First to File. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Vicente-Serrano, S. M., & Trigo, R. M. (Eds.). (2011). Hydrological, Socioeconomic and Ecological Impacts of the North Atlantic Oscillation in the Mediterranean Region (Vol. 46). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Cremaschi, M., & Zerboni, A. (2011). Human Communities in a Drying Landscape: Holocene Climate Change and Cultural Response in the Central Sahara. In I. P. Martini & W. Chesworth (Eds.), Landscapes and Societies: Selected Cases (pp. 67–89). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cognitive Neuropsychiatry.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, June 16). Genes Can Have Up To 80% Influence On Students’ Academic Performance. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Aviation Security: Federal Action Needed to Strengthen Domestic Air Cargo Security (No. GAO-06-76). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lopez, C. (2015). A community-based outreach program for Latinos in Los Angeles County supporting mental health awareness and treatment: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2016, October 25). Deftly Conjuring the High Magic of Art. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Xie, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Xie, 2013, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Morata & Ballesteros-Arias, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Roy, Jordan, & Pederson, 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (O’Neal et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCognitive Neuropsychiatry
AbbreviationCogn. Neuropsychiatry
ISSN (print)1354-6805
ISSN (online)1464-0619
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Cognitive Neuroscience

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