How to format your references using the Cognitive Neuropsychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cognitive Neuropsychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, C. (2005). Genomics: genotyping gets up to speed. Nature, 435(7044), 992.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pasare, C., & Medzhitov, R. (2005). Control of B-cell responses by Toll-like receptors. Nature, 438(7066), 364–368.
A journal article with 3 authors
Patterson, D., Schnell, M., & Doyle, J. M. (2013). Enantiomer-specific detection of chiral molecules via microwave spectroscopy. Nature, 497(7450), 475–477.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, Y.-L., Wang, H., Jing, L., Mu, L.-Z., & Fan, H. (2014). Fitting magnetic field gradient with Heisenberg-scaling accuracy. Scientific Reports, 4, 7390.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heller, D. (2011). Hairspray. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Cokkinos, D. V., Pantos, C., Heusch, G., & Taegtmeyer, H. (Eds.). (2006). Myocardial Ischemia: From mechanisms to therapeutic potentials (Vol. 21). Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Håkanson, L., & Bryhn, A. C. (2008). Operational Bioindicators for Coastal Management. In A. C. Bryhn (Ed.), Tools and Criteria for Sustainable Coastal Ecosystem Management: Examples from the Baltic Sea and Other Aquatic Systems (pp. 125–158). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cognitive Neuropsychiatry.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, September 17). Amazing Video Shows Our Solar System To Scale Across Seven Miles Of Desert. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Examination of Disbursing Officer’s Account, U.S. Army Aviation Center and School, Ft. Rucker, Alabama (No. 102186). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McLean, M. R. (2010). Analyzing the relationship of geographic mobility and institutional prestige to career advancement of women in academic medicine pursuing midcareer-, senior-, or executive-level administrative positions: Implications for career advancement strategies [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, G. (2014, August 19). The Intelligent-Life Lottery. New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Pasare & Medzhitov, 2005; Smith, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pasare & Medzhitov, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Patterson et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCognitive Neuropsychiatry
AbbreviationCogn. Neuropsychiatry
ISSN (print)1354-6805
ISSN (online)1464-0619
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Cognitive Neuroscience

Other styles