How to format your references using the Cognitive Neuropsychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cognitive Neuropsychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clarke, T. (2002). Sustainable development: now we’re talking. Nature, 420(6917), 733–734.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stark, J. M., & Hart, S. C. (2003). Nitrogen storage: UV-B radiation and soil microbial communities. Nature, 423(6936), 137–138; discussion 138.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nishimura, E. K., Granter, S. R., & Fisher, D. E. (2005). Mechanisms of hair graying: incomplete melanocyte stem cell maintenance in the niche. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5710), 720–724.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Swain, M. R., Deroo, P., Griffith, C. A., Tinetti, G., Thatte, A., Vasisht, G., Chen, P., Bouwman, J., Crossfield, I. J., Angerhausen, D., Afonso, C., & Henning, T. (2010). A ground-based near-infrared emission spectrum of the exoplanet HD 189733b. Nature, 463(7281), 637–639.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Modarres, M., Amiri, M., & Jackson, C. (2017). Probabilistic Physics of Failure Approach to Reliability. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nicolopoulou-Stamati, P., Hens, L., & Howard, C. V. (Eds.). (2005). Environmental Health Impacts of Transport and Mobility (Vol. 21). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
de Vries, M. J., & Meijers, A. W. M. (2013). Beliefs, Acceptances and Technological Knowledge. In M. J. de Vries, S. O. Hansson, & A. W. M. Meijers (Eds.), Norms in Technology (pp. 55–65). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cognitive Neuropsychiatry.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, May 26). Is The Human Mind Linked To Quantum Mechanics? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). For-Profit Schools: Experiences of Undercover Students Enrolled in Online Classes at Selected Colleges (GAO-12-150). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garatli, A. A. (2014). What are the necessary skills for leading an online business in Saudi Arabia? [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2017, June 26). Rap Lyrics Lost in Translation. New York Times, C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clarke, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Clarke, 2002; Stark & Hart, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stark & Hart, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Nishimura et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Swain et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleCognitive Neuropsychiatry
AbbreviationCogn. Neuropsychiatry
ISSN (print)1354-6805
ISSN (online)1464-0619
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Cognitive Neuroscience

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