How to format your references using the Integrative Omics and Molecular Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Integrative Omics and Molecular Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Rodrigues ASL. Ecology. Are global conservation efforts successful? Science. 2006;313:1051–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Ma F, Wills BJ. Discovery of hidden blazars. Science. 2001;292:2050–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Rosu S, Libuda DE, Villeneuve AM. Robust crossover assurance and regulated interhomolog access maintain meiotic crossover number. Science. 2011;334:1286–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Beaumont HJE, Gallie J, Kost C, Ferguson GC, Rainey PB. Experimental evolution of bet hedging. Nature. 2009;462:90–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Maré J-C. Aerospace Actuators 1. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Rotkin SV, Subramoney S, editors. Applied Physics of Carbon Nanotubes: Fundamentals of Theory, Optics and Transport Devices. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hammond NE, Saxena MK, Myburgh JA. Fluid Resuscitation. In: O’Donnell JM, Nácul FE, editors. Surgical Intensive Care Medicine. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 47–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Integrative Omics and Molecular Biology.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Study Reveals Why The Brain Can’t Forget Amputated Limbs, Even Decades Later. IFLScience. 2016. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Users Differ in Views of Collision Avoidance System and Cite Problems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Echols KI. Authentic Leadership, Research Integrity, and Institutions of Higher Learning: Why Focusing on Departmental Leadership is Critical for Preserving the Sanctity of Science. Doctoral dissertation. Mississippi State University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Ruiz RR. Sharapova Suspension Is Cut by Nine Months. New York Times. 2016;:B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIntegrative Omics and Molecular Biology
ISSN (print)2047-9174

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