How to format your references using the Integrative Omics and Molecular Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Integrative Omics and Molecular Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Diamond J. Population history: Human melting pots in Southeast Asia. Nature. 2014;512:262–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Cowman AF, Tonkin CJ. Microbiology. A tail of division. Science. 2011;331:409–10.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Wheeler Q, Assis L, Rieppel O. Phylogenetics: Heed the father of cladistics. Nature. 2013;496:295–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zhang C, Wei X, Marhic ME, Wong KKY. Ultrafast and versatile spectroscopy by temporal Fourier transform. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5351.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Saadoun AP. Esthetic Soft Tissue Management of Teeth and Implants. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Diener E, editor. Assessing Well-Being: The Collected Works of Ed Diener. 1st edition. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Harding S. Interrogating the Modernity vs. Tradition Contrast: Whose Science and Technology for Whose Social Progress? In: Grasswick HE, editor. Feminist Epistemology and Philosophy of Science: Power in Knowledge. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. p. 85–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Integrative Omics and Molecular Biology.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Five Of The Most Explosive Non-Nuclear Chemicals Ever Made. IFLScience. 2017. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Process by Which Mergers of Local Telephone Companies Are Reviewed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Fine JG. Magical Transformation or Illusion of Grandeur: The Development of Downtown West Palm Beach, 1985-2015. Doctoral dissertation. Florida Atlantic University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Feeney K. Home-Style Colombian. New York Times. 2008;:14NJ9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIntegrative Omics and Molecular Biology
ISSN (print)2047-9174

Other styles