How to format your references using the Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education (BAMBED). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K. M. Murphy Comment on ‘Activation of β-catenin in dendritic cells regulates immunity versus tolerance in the intestine’. (2011) Science. 333, 405; author reply 405.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Kalia, K. J. Swartz Exploring structure-function relationships between TRP and Kv channels. (2013) Sci. Rep. 3, 1523.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. A. Ruefli-Brasse, D. M. French, V. M. Dixit Regulation of NF-kappaB-dependent lymphocyte activation and development by paracaspase. (2003) Science. 302, 1581–1584.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
D. Nurminsky, D. D. Aguiar, C. D. Bustamante, D. L. Hartl Chromosomal effects of rapid gene evolution in Drosophila melanogaster. (2001) Science. 291, 128–130.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H.-G. Elias (2009) Macromolecules. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
K. Okamura, A. Matsuda, Eds. (2011) New Perspectives in Global Public Archaeology. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
H.-P. Blume, L. Beyer, U. Pfisterer, P. Felix-Henningsen in S.-W. Breckle, A. Yair, M. Veste (Eds.) (2008) Arid Dune Ecosystems: The Nizzana Sands in the Negev Desert, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 65–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education.

Blog post
D. Andrew Speed Networking: How To Win Euro 2016 2016 IFLScience Accessed on 30 October 2018. Available at:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Air Traffic Control: Observations on FAA’s Modernization Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. Beck (2011) Comparing high school physics standards: What is included and what is not, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Kishkovsky Yevgeny Kolobov, 57; Founded an Opera Theater. (2003) New York Times. A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
AbbreviationBiochem. Mol. Biol. Educ.
ISSN (print)1470-8175
ISSN (online)1539-3429
Molecular Biology

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