How to format your references using the Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education (BAMBED). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B. Warrington Physics. Two atomic clocks ticking as one. (2012) Science. 336, 421–422.
A journal article with 2 authors
K. Srinivasan, O. Painter Linear and nonlinear optical spectroscopy of a strongly coupled microdisk-quantum dot system. (2007) Nature. 450, 862–865.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. Huber, P. Veinante, R. Stoop Vasopressin and oxytocin excite distinct neuronal populations in the central amygdala. (2005) Science. 308, 245–248.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
F. J. Schmied, C. Teichert, L. Kappel, U. Hirn, W. Bauer, R. Schennach What holds paper together: nanometre scale exploration of bonding between paper fibres. (2013) Sci. Rep. 3, 2432.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. L. Cannon (2016) CISA®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana.
An edited book
J. J. Connor (2016) Fundamentals of Structural Engineering. 2nd ed. 2016 Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
J. F. Martínez-Lage, M. A. Pérez-Espejo, A. T. Turgut in C. Di Rocco, M. Turgut, G. Jallo, J.F. Martínez-Lage (Eds.) (2015) Complications of CSF Shunting in Hydrocephalus: Prevention, Identification, and Management, Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 81–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education.

Blog post
A. Carpineti Mercury Is Tectonically Active Just Like Earth – And Nowhere Else 2016 IFLScience Accessed on 30 October 2018. Available at:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1975) Review of Certain Problems in the Cosmetology Accrediting Commission. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
V. Krishna (2008) Exploring organizational commitment from an organizational perspective: Organizational learning as a determinant of affective commitment in Indian software firms, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Stellin Full Picture of Airlines’ Punctuality Is Elusive. (2014) New York Times. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
AbbreviationBiochem. Mol. Biol. Educ.
ISSN (print)1470-8175
ISSN (online)1539-3429
Molecular Biology

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