How to format your references using the Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education (BAMBED). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E. Tosatti Physics. Fullerides in a squeeze. (2009) Science. 323, 1570–1571.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. D. Strahl, C. D. Allis The language of covalent histone modifications. (2000) Nature. 403, 41–45.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. C. Nemecek, M. Wüthrich, B. S. Klein Global control of dimorphism and virulence in fungi. (2006) Science. 312, 583–588.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
A. Liutkus, D. Martina, S. Popoff, G. Chardon, O. Katz, G. Lerosey, et al. Imaging with nature: compressive imaging using a multiply scattering medium. (2014) Sci. Rep. 4, 5552.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Jarry, J. N. Beneat (2016) Microwave Amplifier and Active Circuit Design Using the Real Frequency Technique. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
K. Dunworth, G. Zhang, Eds. (2014) Critical Perspectives on Language Education: Australia and the Asia Pacific. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Pieraccini in F. Chen (Ed.) (2010) Speech Technology: Theory and Applications, Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 61–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education.

Blog post
A. Carpineti Mars Has A Type Of Dune We’ve Never Seen On Earth 2016 IFLScience Accessed on 30 October 2018. Available at:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Truck Safety: Need to Better Ensure Correction of Serious Inspection Violations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Momenteller (2017) Optimization of Germination and Early Growth Conditions for Axenic Stanleya pinnata, a Potential Phytoremediation Candidate for Selenium, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Kelly, A. Rappeport Goldman Sachs Veteran Withdraws From Nomination to Treasury. (2017) New York Times. B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
AbbreviationBiochem. Mol. Biol. Educ.
ISSN (print)1470-8175
ISSN (online)1539-3429
Molecular Biology

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