How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. Landau, “Control use of data to protect privacy,” Science, vol. 347, no. 6221, pp. 504–506, Jan. 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. P. Stagon and H. Huang, “Airtight metallic sealing at room temperature under small mechanical pressure,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 3066, Oct. 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Veríssimo, M. A. Cochrane, and C. Souza Jr, “Ecology. National forests in the Amazon,” Science, vol. 297, no. 5586, p. 1478, Aug. 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
X. Wang, R. E. Harris, L. J. Bayston, and H. L. Ashe, “Type IV collagens regulate BMP signalling in Drosophila,” Nature, vol. 455, no. 7209, pp. 72–77, Sep. 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
W. Ruske, Verlag Chemie 1921-1971. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 1971.
An edited book
A. Szende, B. Janssen, and J. Cabases, Eds., Self-Reported Population Health: An International Perspective based on EQ-5D. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
V. Fischer, F. Ricci, and O. Yakimova, “Nilpotent Gelfand Pairs and Spherical Transforms of Schwartz Functions II: Taylor Expansions on Singular Sets,” in Lie Groups: Structure, Actions, and Representations: In Honor of Joseph A. Wolf on the Occasion of his 75th Birthday, A. Huckleberry, I. Penkov, and G. Zuckerman, Eds. New York, NY: Springer, 2013, pp. 81–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management.

Blog post
J. Davis, “New Species Of Pillbug Discovered Near L.A,” IFLScience, 19-May-2015. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Aviation Safety: FAA’s Safety Efforts Generally Strong but Face Challenges,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-06-1091T, Sep. 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. E. Mitchell, “Job satisfaction and burnout among foreign -trained nurses in Saudi Arabia: A mixed-method study,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, “PRISONERS GAIN IN SUIT ATTACKING LETHAL INJECTION,” New York Times, p. A1, 13-Jun-2006.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management
ISSN (print)1932-4537
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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