How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O. Smithies, “Science brick by brick,” Nature, vol. 467, no. 7317, p. S6, Oct. 2010.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. O. Lease and T. A. Ehlers, “Incision into the eastern Andean Plateau during Pliocene cooling,” Science, vol. 341, no. 6147, pp. 774–776, Aug. 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. H. Reina, C. E. Susa, and F. F. Fanchini, “Extracting information from qubit-environment correlations,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 7443, Dec. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
F. Wang et al., “The POT1-TPP1 telomere complex is a telomerase processivity factor,” Nature, vol. 445, no. 7127, pp. 506–510, Feb. 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Douglas and E. A. Noy, Building Surveys and Reports. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.
An edited book
M. Bilodeau, F. Meyer, and M. Schmitt, Eds., Space, Structure and Randomness: Contributions in Honor of Georges Matheron in the Field of Geostatistics, Random Sets and Mathematical Morphology, vol. 183. New York, NY: Springer, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
B. Nobakht, M. M. Bonsangue, F. S. de Boer, and S. de Gouw, “Monitoring Method Call Sequences Using Annotations,” in Formal Aspects of Component Software: 7th International Workshop, FACS 2010, Guimarães, Portugal, October 14-16, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, L. S. Barbosa and M. Lumpe, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012, pp. 53–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Solar Fuels: How Planes And Cars Could Be Powered By The Sun,” IFLScience, Jun. 24, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Comments on Loan Guarantee Provisions of H.R. 13350, the 1977 Authorization Bill for the Energy Research and Development Administration,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, B-178726, Jan. 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Adijanto, “Metabolic acid transport in human retinal pigment epithelium,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Mueller and W. K. Rashbaum, “Before Times Sq. Crash, A String of Legal Issues And a Fall Into Paranoia,” New York Times, p. A21, May 19, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management
ISSN (print)1932-4537
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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