How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.-C. Marine, “Journal club. A cancer geneticist looks at the link between small RNA molecules and cancer,” Nature, vol. 464, no. 7293, p. 1249, Apr. 2010.
A journal article with 2 authors
V. J. Gokhale and M. Rais-Zadeh, “Phonon-electron interactions in piezoelectric semiconductor bulk acoustic wave resonators,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 5617, Jul. 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
R. N. Melchor, R. Buchwaldt, and S. Bowring, “A Late Eocene date for Late Triassic bird tracks,” Nature, vol. 495, no. 7441, pp. E1-2, Mar. 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. Scott et al., “Tracing the stepwise oxygenation of the Proterozoic ocean,” Nature, vol. 452, no. 7186, pp. 456–459, Mar. 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. R. Petrucelli, Detecting Fraud in Organizations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
K. Crowston, I. Hammouda, B. Lundell, G. Robles, J. Gamalielsson, and J. Lindman, Eds., Open Source Systems: Integrating Communities: 12th IFIP WG 2.13 International Conference, OSS 2016, Gothenburg, Sweden, May 30 - June 2, 2016, Proceedings, vol. 472. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Günther and B. Borchert, “Online Banking with NFC-Enabled Bank Card and NFC-Enabled Smartphone,” in Information Security Theory and Practice. Security of Mobile and Cyber-Physical Systems: 7th IFIP WG 11.2 International Workshop, WISTP 2013, Heraklion, Greece, May 28-30, 2013. Proceedings, L. Cavallaro and D. Gollmann, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013, pp. 66–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management.

Blog post
R. Andrews, “California Has Raised The Smoking Age To 21,” IFLScience, Jun. 13, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Federal Agencies Could Save Time and Money With Better Computer Software Alternatives,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, AFMD-83-29, May 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
H. He, “Numerical Simulations of Unsteady Flows in a Pulse Detonation Engine by the Space-Time Conservation Element and Solution Element Method,” Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Cooper, “Met Opera Numbers Inch Up,” New York Times, p. C2, May 15, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management
ISSN (print)1932-4537
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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