How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Chun, “Immunology. The sources of a lipid conundrum,” Science, vol. 316, no. 5822, pp. 208–210, Apr. 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. A. King and S. M. Thomas, “Big lessons for a healthy future,” Nature, vol. 449, no. 7164, pp. 791–792, Oct. 2007.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Losonczy, J. K. Makara, and J. C. Magee, “Compartmentalized dendritic plasticity and input feature storage in neurons,” Nature, vol. 452, no. 7186, pp. 436–441, Mar. 2008.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Han, H. Zhou, B. Horazdovsky, K. Zhang, R.-M. Xu, and Z. Zhang, “Rtt109 acetylates histone H3 lysine 56 and functions in DNA replication,” Science, vol. 315, no. 5812, pp. 653–655, Feb. 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Tobias and D. Hochhauser, Cancer and its Management. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
H. Engelhardt, H.-P. Kohler, and A. Fürnkranz-Prskawetz, Eds., Causal Analysis in Population Studies: Concepts, Methods, Applications, 1st ed., vol. 23. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Petrilli and A. Ponzio, “Language as Primary Modeling and Natural Languages: A Biosemiotic Perspective,” in Biosemiotic Perspectives on Language and Linguistics, E. Velmezova, K. Kull, and S. J. Cowley, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 47–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Tropical Worms: They Infect A Third Of The Planet, So Why Aren’t We Doing More?,” IFLScience, Aug. 17, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Administration of Payroll Matters for Civilian Employees, Marine Corps Development and Education Command,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 092125, Dec. 1970.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. K. Schroeder, “Tau-Directed Immunotherapy for Alzheimer’s Disease,” Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Corkery and B. Protess, “Citigroup Pays $97.4 Million To End Inquiry On Oversight,” New York Times, p. B1, May 22, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management
ISSN (print)1932-4537
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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