How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Nephrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Nephrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Crabtree, G. Perspective: The energy-storage revolution. Nature 526, S92 (2015).
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Stephens, R. & Richey, M. A business view on U.S. education. Science 340, 313–314 (2013).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Weston, C. R., Lambright, D. G. & Davis, R. J. Signal transduction. MAP kinase signaling specificity. Science 296, 2345–2347 (2002).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
1.
Zheng, H. et al. The prolyl isomerase Pin1 is a regulator of p53 in genotoxic response. Nature 419, 849–853 (2002).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bittner, M. Temporality: Universals and Variation. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014).
An edited book
1.
Archaeology and Heritage of the Human Movement into Space. (Springer International Publishing, 2015).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Crea, F. et al. Alkali Metal Ion Complexes with Phosphates, Nucleotides, Amino Acids, and Related Ligands of Biological Relevance. Their Properties in Solution. in The Alkali Metal Ions: Their Role for Life (eds. Sigel, A., Sigel, H. & Sigel, R. K. O.) 133–166 (Springer International Publishing, 2016).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Nephrology.

Blog post
1.
Davis, J. Trees ‘Sleep’ At Night Too. IFLScience (2016). Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/trees-found-sleep-night-first-time/. (Accessed: 30th October 2018)

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Executive Office of the President: Analysis of Mandated Report on Key Information Technology Areas. (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2002).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Tahira, A. Synthesis of Bivalent Organothiophosphate Inhibitors and Their Inhibition of Butyrylcholinesterase: Studies towards a Potential Treatment of Cognitive Loss Associated with Alzheimer’s Disease. (California State University, Long Beach, 2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Billard, M. Just Call Them Edwardian. New York Times E5 (2010).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Nephrology
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Nephrol.
ISSN (print)1759-5061
ISSN (online)1759-507X
ScopeNephrology

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