How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Nephrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Nephrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mueller, K. Inflammation. Inflammation’s yin-yang. Introduction. Science 339, 155 (2013).
A journal article with 2 authors
Sharp, W. D. & Clague, D. A. 50-Ma initiation of Hawaiian-Emperor bend records major change in Pacific plate motion. Science 313, 1281–1284 (2006).
A journal article with 3 authors
Grenier, M. B., McDonald, D. B. & Buskirk, S. W. Rapid population growth of a critically endangered carnivore. Science 317, 779 (2007).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Zinner, D., Alberts, S. C., Nunn, C. L. & Altmann, J. Evolutionary biology: significance of primate sexual swellings. Nature 420, 142–3; discussion 143 (2002).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shimizu, H. Shimizu’s Dermatology. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2017).
An edited book
Advances in Computational Intelligence: 13th International Work-Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, IWANN 2015, Palma de Mallorca, Spain, June 10-12, 2015. Proceedings, Part I. 9094, (Springer International Publishing, 2015).
A chapter in an edited book
Zamorani, M. P. & Valle, M. Bone and Joint. in Ultrasound of the Musculoskeletal System (ed. Martinoli, C.) 137–185 (Springer, 2007).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Nephrology.

Blog post
Taub, B. Teenager Uses Star Map To Discover Lost Mayan City In Central America. IFLScience (2016). Available at: (Accessed: 30th October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: DHS and TSA Have Researched, Developed, and Begun Deploying Passenger Checkpoint Screening Technologies, but Continue to Face Challenges. (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2009).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Woodworth, J. W. Secure Semantic Search over Encrypted Big Data in the Cloud. (University of Louisiana, 2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George, R. P. The Evangelist. New York Times BR14 (2014).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Nephrology
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Nephrol.
ISSN (print)1759-5061
ISSN (online)1759-507X

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