How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Nephrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Nephrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cuntz, M. Carbon cycle: a dent in carbon’s gold standard. Nature 477, 547–548 (2011).
A journal article with 2 authors
Chi, A. S. & Bernstein, B. E. Developmental biology. Pluripotent chromatin state. Science 323, 220–221 (2009).
A journal article with 3 authors
Barwick, B., Flannigan, D. J. & Zewail, A. H. Photon-induced near-field electron microscopy. Nature 462, 902–906 (2009).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Tuzzolino, A. J. et al. Dust measurements in the coma of comet 81P/Wild 2 by the Dust Flux Monitor Instrument. Science 304, 1776–1780 (2004).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schwartz, D. The Future of Finance. (John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd., 2010).
An edited book
Ohya, M. Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Information and Computation and Its Applications to Nano- and Bio-systems. (Springer Netherlands, 2011).
A chapter in an edited book
Ferri, E., Noguera, M. & Urbano, D. The Effect of Cultural Factors on Social Entrepreneurship: The Impact of the Economic Downturn in Spain. in Entrepreneurship, Regional Development and Culture: An Institutional Perspective (eds. Peris-Ortiz, M. & Merigó-Lindahl, J. M.) 75–87 (Springer International Publishing, 2015).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Nephrology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 85,000 Endangered Antelopes Die Mysteriously In Just One Day. IFLScience (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Energy Research and Development Administration’s Contingency Plan for Constructing Additional Enrichment Capacity at Portsmouth, Ohio. (1975).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Austin, C. A. Intravenous Exposure of Pregnant Mice to Silver Nanoparticles: Silver Tissue Distribution and Effects in Maternal and Extra-Embryonic Tissues and Embryos. (George Washington University, 2013).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. A Ball Field That Feels Like Home. New York Times C31 (2010).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Nephrology
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Nephrol.
ISSN (print)1759-5061
ISSN (online)1759-507X

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