How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Nephrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Nephrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baldwin, R. L. Making a network of hydrophobic clusters. Science 295, 1657–1658 (2002).
A journal article with 2 authors
Hor, H. & Tafti, M. Physiology. How much sleep do we need? Science 325, 825–826 (2009).
A journal article with 3 authors
Catling, D. C., Zahnle, K. J. & McKay, C. Biogenic methane, hydrogen escape, and the irreversible oxidation of early Earth. Science 293, 839–843 (2001).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Kashiwaya, K., Ochiai, S., Sakai, H. & Kawai, T. Orbit-related long-term climate cycles revealed in a 12-Myr continental record from Lake Baikal. Nature 410, 71–74 (2001).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stewart, R. Plautus and Roman Slavery. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2012).
An edited book
Biomedical Imaging and Computational Modeling in Biomechanics. vol. 4 (Springer Netherlands, 2013).
A chapter in an edited book
Combescure, M. Semiclassical Results for Ideal Fermion Systems. A Review. in Methods of Spectral Analysis in Mathematical Physics: Conference on Operator Theory, Analysis and Mathematical Physics (OTAMP) 2006, Lund, Sweden (eds. Janas, J., Kurasov, P., Naboko, S., Laptev, A. & Stolz, G.) 69–87 (Birkhäuser, 2009).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Nephrology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. Solar Impulse Plane Completes Record-Breaking Flight Around The World Powered Only By The Sun. IFLScience (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Department of Transportation: Flexible Funding Within Federal Highway Programs. (1997).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oppenheimer, C. Use of bibliotherapy as an adjunctive therapy with bereaved children: A grant proposal. (California State University, Long Beach, 2010).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. A Museum Rights Its Course as Its Flagship Returns. New York Times C23 (2016).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Nephrology
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Nephrol.
ISSN (print)1759-5061
ISSN (online)1759-507X

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