How to format your references using the Geochemical Perspectives Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geochemical Perspectives Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, M. (2011) Genomics: Genomes in three dimensions. Nature 470, 289–294.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pullum, G.K., Scholz, B.C. (2001) More than words. Nature 413, 367.
A journal article with 3 authors
Laine, E.-M., Breuer, H.-P., Piilo, J. (2014) Nonlocal memory effects allow perfect teleportation with mixed states. Scientific reports 4, 4620.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Chen, W.J., Zheng, Y., Xiong, W.M., Feng, X., Wang, B., Wang, Y. (2014) Effect of mechanical loads on stability of nanodomains in ferroelectric ultrathin films: towards flexible erasing of the non-volatile memories. Scientific reports 4, 5339.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gordon, J. (2009) Training Camp. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ornbo, J. (2008) Experience-Based Communication. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Esteves Verssimo, P., Baldoni, R., Bortnikov, V., Chockler, G., Dekel, E., Laventman, G., Lodi, G., Montanari, L. (2012) CoMiFin Architecture and Semantic Rooms. In: Baldoni, R., Chockler, G. (eds) Collaborative Financial Infrastructure Protection: Tools, Abstractions, and Middleware. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 85–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geochemical Perspectives Letters.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016) Sharks Are Killing Sea Otters In California But Not Eating Them, And No One Knows Why. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Space Project Testing: Uniform Policies and Added Controls Would Strengthen Testing Activities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mednick Takami, L. (2017) Chief Diversity Officers in U.S. Higher Education: Impacting the Campus Climate for Diversity. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J.R. (2016) Finding Beauty Amid the Grit. New York Times, 7 October, page C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Baker, 2011; Pullum and Scholz, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pullum and Scholz, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeochemical Perspectives Letters
ISSN (print)2410-339X
ISSN (online)2410-3403

Other styles