How to format your references using the Geochemical Perspectives Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geochemical Perspectives Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wigzell, H. (2007) Science & Politics: when ministers are well primed. Nature 449, 663.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jernvall, J., Fortelius, M. (2002) Common mammals drive the evolutionary increase of hypsodonty in the Neogene. Nature 417, 538–540.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, L., Dudin, Y.O., Kuzmich, A. (2013) Entanglement between light and an optical atomic excitation. Nature 498, 466–469.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Sarin, K.Y., Cheung, P., Gilison, D., Lee, E., Tennen, R.I., Wang, E., Artandi, M.K., Oro, A.E., Artandi, S.E. (2005) Conditional telomerase induction causes proliferation of hair follicle stem cells. Nature 436, 1048–1052.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moir, I., Seabridge, A.G. (2006) Military Avionics Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Kezunovic, M. (2016) Design, Modeling and Evaluation of Protective Relays for Power Systems. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Martin, A., Monroe, K.R. (2009) Identity, Moral Choice, and the Moral Imagination: Is There a Neuroscientific Foundation for Altruism? In: Cross, T., Ambrose, D. (eds) Morality, Ethics, and Gifted Minds. Springer US, Boston, MA, 73–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geochemical Perspectives Letters.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015) Hot Weather And CO2 Made The Tropics A No-Go Zone For Early Plant-Eating Dinosaurs. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Biotechnology: Backlog of Patent Applications. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, C. (2014) Supportive services for immigrants: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. (1993) PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD. New York Times, 28 November, page 1318.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wigzell, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Jernvall and Fortelius, 2002; Wigzell, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jernvall and Fortelius, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Sarin et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeochemical Perspectives Letters
ISSN (print)2410-339X
ISSN (online)2410-3403

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