How to format your references using the Geochemical Perspectives Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geochemical Perspectives Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schaechter, M. (2012) Retrospective. Lynn Margulis (1938-2011). Science (New York, N.Y.) 335, 302.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gandin, V., Topisirovic, I. (2013) Cell biology. Trans-HSF1 express. Science (New York, N.Y.) 341, 242–243.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hibbett, D.S., Gilbert, L.B., Donoghue, M.J. (2000) Evolutionary instability of ectomycorrhizal symbioses in basidiomycetes. Nature 407, 506–508.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Corma, A., Nemeth, L.T., Renz, M., Valencia, S. (2001) Sn-zeolite beta as a heterogeneous chemoselective catalyst for Baeyer-Villiger oxidations. Nature 412, 423–425.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
zur Hausen, H. (2006) Infections Causing Human Cancer. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Maneth, S. (ed.) (2015) Data Science: 30th British International Conference on Databases, BICOD 2015, Edinburgh, UK, July 6-8, 2015, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Herranz, J., Nin, J., Torra, V. (2010) Distributed Privacy-Preserving Methods for Statistical Disclosure Control. In: Garcia-Alfaro, J., Navarro-Arribas, G., Cuppens-Boulahia, N., Roudier, Y. (eds) Data Privacy Management and Autonomous Spontaneous Security: 4th International Workshop, DPM 2009 and Second International Workshop, SETOP 2009, St. Malo, France, September 24-25, 2009, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 33–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geochemical Perspectives Letters.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015) The MESSENGER Spacecraft Has Crashed Into Mercury. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Technology Transfer: Copyright Law Constrains Commercialization of Some Federal Software. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rivers, M. (2012) Bridging the knowledge gap between the Baby Boomers and the multigenerations. Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN, Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Corkery, M. (2017) Walmart Sticks With Arkansas Headquarters as Amazon Plays the Field. New York Times, 15 September, page B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schaechter, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Gandin and Topisirovic, 2013; Schaechter, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gandin and Topisirovic, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Corma et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeochemical Perspectives Letters
ISSN (print)2410-339X
ISSN (online)2410-3403

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