How to format your references using the Geochemical Perspectives Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geochemical Perspectives Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gabuzda, D. (2014) Astrophysics: The MAD world of black holes. Nature 510, 42–43.
A journal article with 2 authors
Makova, K.D., Li, W.-H. (2002) Strong male-driven evolution of DNA sequences in humans and apes. Nature 416, 624–626.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gravina, B., Mellars, P., Ramsey, C.B. (2005) Radiocarbon dating of interstratified Neanderthal and early modern human occupations at the Chatelperronian type-site. Nature 438, 51–56.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Gao, Y. et al. (2000) Interplay of p53 and DNA-repair protein XRCC4 in tumorigenesis, genomic stability and development. Nature 404, 897–900.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nguyen, T. (2012) Investing in the High Yield Municipal Market. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bychkov, V., Golubkov, G., Nikitin, A. (eds) (2010) The Atmosphere and Ionosphere: Dynamics, Processes and Monitoring. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Ko, P.Y., Adamson, B. (2012) Chinese Language Pedagogy and Human Dignity: The Special Rank Teacher in the Aftermath of the Cultural Revolution. In: Leung, C.B., Ruan, J. (eds) Perspectives on Teaching and Learning Chinese Literacy in China. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 61–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geochemical Perspectives Letters.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013) Gene Therapy Provides Significant Antiviral Results Against HIV. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Summary Analysis of Federal Commercial Aviation Taxes and Fees. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alvandipour, M. (2017) Thermographic Image Analysis with Gabor Filters. Doctoral dissertation, Edwardsville, IL, Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
James Barron With Eric Lipton G. S. Bourdain, Crow, K., Fabricant, F. (2001) BOLDFACE NAMES. New York Times, 24 April, page B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gabuzda, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Gabuzda, 2014; Makova and Li, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Makova and Li, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Gao et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeochemical Perspectives Letters
ISSN (print)2410-339X
ISSN (online)2410-3403

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