How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Clinical Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Clinical Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Schwamb, M. E. Solar System: Stranded in no-man’s-land. Nature 507, 435–436 (2014).
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Nemoto, S. & Finkel, T. Redox regulation of forkhead proteins through a p66shc-dependent signaling pathway. Science 295, 2450–2452 (2002).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Arora, P. K., Srivastava, A. & Singh, V. P. Degradation of 4-chloro-3-nitrophenol via a novel intermediate, 4-chlororesorcinol by Pseudomonas sp. JHN. Sci. Rep. 4, 4475 (2014).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
1.
Faham, S. et al. The crystal structure of a sodium galactose transporter reveals mechanistic insights into Na+/sugar symport. Science 321, 810–814 (2008).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
“MAX” Maxfield, C. & Brown, A. The Definitive Guide to How Computers Do Math. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005).
An edited book
1.
Bones, Genetics, and Behavior of Rhesus Macaques: Macaca Mulatta of Cayo Santiago and Beyond. (Springer, 2012).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Andrade-Cetto, J. & Sanfeliu, A. Unscented Transformation of Vehicle States. in Environment Learning for Indoor Mobile Robots: A Stochastic State Estimation Approach to Simultaneous Localization and Map Building (ed. Sanfeliu, A.) 97–106 (Springer, 2006).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Clinical Oncology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew, E. New Species of Hammerhead Shark Confirmed. IFLScience https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/new-species-hammerhead-shark-confirmed/ (2013).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Contract Award Practices: Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority Generally Observes Competitive Principles. (1993).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Zatolokin, A. Stylistic approaches for oboists in the operatic works of J. Hasse. (California State University, Long Beach, 2015).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow, K. Untouched, But Touched. New York Times 141 (2001).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Clinical Oncology
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Clin. Oncol.
ISSN (print)1759-4774
ISSN (online)1759-4782
ScopeOncology

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