How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Clinical Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Clinical Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bredas, J.-L. Applied physics. When electrons leave holes in organic solar cells. Science 343, 492–493 (2014).
A journal article with 2 authors
Shi, F. & Lemmon, M. A. Biochemistry. KSR plays CRAF-ty. Science 332, 1043–1044 (2011).
A journal article with 3 authors
Singh, P. K., Hopwood, J. & Sonkusale, S. Metamaterials for remote generation of spatially controllable two dimensional array of microplasma. Sci. Rep. 4, 5964 (2014).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Daffis, S. et al. 2’-O methylation of the viral mRNA cap evades host restriction by IFIT family members. Nature 468, 452–456 (2010).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Krimpmann, A. Principles of Group Accounting under IFRS. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015).
An edited book
Trust, Privacy, and Security in Digital Business: 11th International Conference, TrustBus 2014, Munich, Germany, September 2-3, 2014. Proceedings. vol. 8647 (Springer International Publishing, 2014).
A chapter in an edited book
Kuboň, V. & Lopatková, M. Word-Order Analysis Based Upon Treebank Data. in Advances in Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing: 14th Mexican International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, MICAI 2015, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico, October 25-31, 2015, Proceedings, Part I (eds. Sidorov, G. & Galicia-Haro, S. N.) 47–58 (Springer International Publishing, 2015).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Clinical Oncology.

Blog post
Andrews, R. The Arctic Is Experiencing Its Earliest Ever Snowmelt. IFLScience (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Airport Financing: Funding Sources for Airport Development. (1998).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia, M. J. Teacher knowledge of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and effective classroom interventions. (California State University, Long Beach, 2009).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. Dodgers Crush Cubs, Winning Pennant for the First Time Since 1988. New York Times B9 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Clinical Oncology
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Clin. Oncol.
ISSN (print)1759-4774
ISSN (online)1759-4782

Other styles