How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Clinical Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Clinical Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cave, R. J. Chemistry. Inducing chirality with circularly polarized light. Science 323, 1435–1436 (2009).
A journal article with 2 authors
Hinck, S. & Schiermeier, Q. Will industry play a bigger role in Europe’s aims to promote mobility among postdocs? Nature 421, 296–297 (2003).
A journal article with 3 authors
Ekström, G., Nettles, M. & Tsai, V. C. Seasonality and increasing frequency of Greenland glacial earthquakes. Science 311, 1756–1758 (2006).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Joshi, N., Shirsath, N., Singh, A., Joshi, K. S. & Banerjee, R. Endogenous lung surfactant inspired pH responsive nanovesicle aerosols: pulmonary compatible and site-specific drug delivery in lung metastases. Sci. Rep. 4, 7085 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pohanish, R. P. & Greene, S. A. Wiley Guide to Chemical Incompatibilities. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005).
An edited book
Handbook of Gender Research in Psychology: Volume 2: Gender Research in Social and Applied Psychology. (Springer, 2010).
A chapter in an edited book
Saharan, V. & Pal, A. Current and Future Prospects of Chitosan-Based Nanomaterials in Plant Protection and Growth. in Chitosan Based Nanomaterials in Plant Growth and Protection (ed. Pal, A.) 43–48 (Springer India, 2016).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Clinical Oncology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. How Vaccines Change The Way We Think About Disease. IFLScience (2015). Available at: (Accessed: 30th October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Selection and Use of Contractor for Development of a Management Information System for the Atomic Energy Commission. (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1973).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rountree, B. L. Theory and practice of dynamic voltage /frequency scaling in the high performance computing environment. (University of Arizona, 2010).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, R. ‘Have One Hard Cry. Then Stanch the Grief.’ New York Times 79 (1994).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Clinical Oncology
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Clin. Oncol.
ISSN (print)1759-4774
ISSN (online)1759-4782

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