How to format your references using the Asian Journal of Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bosch, X., 2001. Vatican approves use of animal transplants “to benefit humans.” Nature 413, 445.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boughn, S., Crittenden, R., 2004. A correlation between the cosmic microwave background and large-scale structure in the Universe. Nature 427, 45–47.
A journal article with 3 authors
Denholm, I., Devine, G.J., Williamson, M.S., 2002. Evolutionary genetics. Insecticide resistance on the move. Science 297, 2222–2223.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Su, S.-L., Shao, X.-Q., Wang, H.-F., Zhang, S., 2014. Preparation of three-dimensional entanglement for distant atoms in coupled cavities via atomic spontaneous emission and cavity decay. Sci. Rep. 4, 7566.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Diab, W.W., Frazier, H.M., 2011. Ethernet in the First Mile. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lukszo, Z., Deconinck, G., Weijnen, M.P.C. (Eds.), 2010. Securing Electricity Supply in the Cyber Age: Exploring the Risks of Information and Communication Technology in Tomorrow’s Electricity Infrastructure, Topics in Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Frank, R., Münster, J., Schulze, J., Liston, A., Klimpel, S., 2014. Macroparasites of Microchiroptera: Bat Ectoparasites of Central and South America, in: Klimpel, S., Mehlhorn, H. (Eds.), Bats (Chiroptera) as Vectors of Diseases and Parasites: Facts and Myths, Parasitology Research Monographs. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 87–130.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of Psychiatry.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Albert Einstein’s Badass Leather Jacket Just Sold For A Huge Amount [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2010. Highway Trust Fund: Nearly All States Received More Funding Than They Contributed in Highway Taxes Since 2005 (No. GAO-10-780). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mazza, C.A., 2011. The Influence of Meteorological Parameters on Rainfall and Severe Weather in Pinellas County, FL (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2015. Valentin Rasputin, ‘Village Prose’ Leader, Dies at 77. New York Times A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bosch, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Bosch, 2001; Boughn and Crittenden, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boughn and Crittenden, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Su et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of Psychiatry
AbbreviationAsian J. Psychiatr.
ISSN (print)1876-2018
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Psychiatry and Mental health
General Psychology

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