How to format your references using the Asian Journal of Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buffett, B.A., 2010. Geophysics. The enigmatic inner core. Science 328, 982–983.
A journal article with 2 authors
Horne-Badovinac, S., Munro, E., 2011. Developmental biology. Tubular transformations. Science 333, 294–295.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schroder, K., Zhou, R., Tschopp, J., 2010. The NLRP3 inflammasome: a sensor for metabolic danger? Science 327, 296–300.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Antonini, C., Lee, J.B., Maitra, T., Irvine, S., Derome, D., Tiwari, M.K., Carmeliet, J., Poulikakos, D., 2014. Unraveling wetting transition through surface textures with X-rays: liquid meniscus penetration phenomena. Sci. Rep. 4, 4055.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allen, M.W., 2016. Michael Allen’s Guide to e-Learning. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Larhed, M., Olofssonq, K. (Eds.), 2006. Microwave Methods in Organic Synthesis, Topics in Current Chemistry. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Fang, L., Wang, Y., 2016. A Study of the Methods for the Division of the Boundary Between Urban and Rural Areas Based on Multiple Conditions: A Case Study of Xi’an, in: Bian, F., Xie, Y. (Eds.), Geo-Informatics in Resource Management and Sustainable Ecosystem: Third International Conference, GRMSE 2015, Wuhan, China, October 16-18, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 48–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of Psychiatry.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. “Earth As Art” Series Reveals The Beauty Of Our Planet [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. GAO Work Related to ESEA of 1965 (No. HEHS-94-156R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, S.G., 2010. Devotion to land: The Virgin Mary and the Mudejar in the post-conquest program of Alfonso X of Castile, 1252–1284 (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2006. His Hipness, John G. Roberts. New York Times WK7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buffett, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Buffett, 2010; Horne-Badovinac and Munro, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Horne-Badovinac and Munro, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Antonini et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of Psychiatry
AbbreviationAsian J. Psychiatr.
ISSN (print)1876-2018
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Psychiatry and Mental health
General Psychology

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