How to format your references using the Asian Journal of Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Orhon, D., 2014. Istanbul canal needs environmental study. Nature 513, 461.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schofield, R.M.S., Nesson, M.H., 2003. Comment on “High abrasion resistance with sparse mineralization: copper biomineral in worm jaws.” Science 301, 1049; author reply 1049.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu, Y., Ramu, Y., Lu, Z., 2008. Removal of phospho-head groups of membrane lipids immobilizes voltage sensors of K+ channels. Nature 451, 826–829.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rems, L., Ušaj, M., Kandušer, M., Reberšek, M., Miklavčič, D., Pucihar, G., 2013. Cell electrofusion using nanosecond electric pulses. Sci. Rep. 3, 3382.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Edwards, D.W., 2014. Risk Management in Trading. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Chughtai, B., Te, A.E., Kaplan, S.A. (Eds.), 2015. Treatment of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: Modern Alternative to Transurethral Resection of the Prostate. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Geweniger, V., Bohlander, A., 2014. Pilates as Preventative Exercise: Foundations, in: Bohlander, A. (Ed.), Pilates − A Teachers’ Manual: Exercises with Mats and Equipment for Prevention and Rehabilitation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 17–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of Psychiatry.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Museum Plaster Model was Actually the Fossil of a New Ichthyosaur Species [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Commercial Motor Carriers: DOT Is Shifting to Performance-Based Standards to Assess Whether Carriers Operate Safely (No. RCED-98-8). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shah, N., 2017. High Performance Cryptography for Electronic Product Code for Internet of Things Applications (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Peters, M.E., Barend, S., 2017. Why Private Cash Improves Public Works. New York Times A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Orhon, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Orhon, 2014; Schofield and Nesson, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schofield and Nesson, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Rems et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of Psychiatry
AbbreviationAsian J. Psychiatr.
ISSN (print)1876-2018
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Psychiatry and Mental health
General Psychology

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