How to format your references using the Asian Journal of Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fletcher, J.D., 2009. Education and training technology in the military. Science 323, 72–75.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ehrenfreund, P., Foing, B.H., 2010. Astronomy. Fullerenes and cosmic carbon. Science 329, 1159–1160.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fiorillo, C.D., Tobler, P.N., Schultz, W., 2003. Discrete coding of reward probability and uncertainty by dopamine neurons. Science 299, 1898–1902.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ferraro, F.R., Beccari, G., Dalessandro, E., Lanzoni, B., Sills, A., Rood, R.T., Pecci, F.F., Karakas, A.I., Miocchi, P., Bovinelli, S., 2009. Two distinct sequences of blue straggler stars in the globular cluster M 30. Nature 462, 1028–1031.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cooney, N., 2015. How to Be Great at Doing Good. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Rozvany, G.I.N., Lewiński, T. (Eds.), 2014. Topology Optimization in Structural and Continuum Mechanics, 1st ed, CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences. Springer, Vienna.
A chapter in an edited book
Petri, C.A., 2008. On the Physical Basics of Information Flow, in: Hee, K.M. van, Valk, R. (Eds.), Applications and Theory of Petri Nets: 29th International Conference, PETRI NETS 2008, Xi’an, China, June 23-27, 2008. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 12–12.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of Psychiatry.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Finland Set To Ban All Coal Use By 2030 [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. School-Linked Human Services: A Comprehensive Strategy for Aiding Students at Risk of School Failure (No. HRD-94-21). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bebianno Simoes, M., 2012. Work and social activism in the life stories of Latina domestic workers (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2008. Pragmatic Appeal to Voters To Approve School Budgets. New York Times LI1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fletcher, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Ehrenfreund and Foing, 2010; Fletcher, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ehrenfreund and Foing, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Ferraro et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of Psychiatry
AbbreviationAsian J. Psychiatr.
ISSN (print)1876-2018
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Psychiatry and Mental health
General Psychology

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