How to format your references using the Environmental Monitoring and Assessment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Henderson, G. M. (2005). Ocean science. Coral clues to rapid sea-level change. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5720), 361–362.
A journal article with 2 authors
Singla, V., & Reiter, J. F. (2006). The primary cilium as the cell’s antenna: signaling at a sensory organelle. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5787), 629–633.
A journal article with 3 authors
Planutis, K., Planutiene, M., & Holcombe, R. F. (2014). A novel signaling pathway regulates colon cancer angiogenesis through Norrin. Scientific reports, 4, 5630.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Onodera, R., Motoyama, K., Okamatsu, A., Higashi, T., & Arima, H. (2013). Potential use of folate-appended methyl-β-cyclodextrin as an anticancer agent. Scientific reports, 3, 1104.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reason, B., Løvlie, L., & Brand Flu, M. (2015). Service Design for Business. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Roose, J., & Dietz, H. (Eds.). (2016). Social Theory and Social Movements: Mutual Inspirations. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden.
A chapter in an edited book
Bottin, F., & Longo, M. (2011). The History of Philosophy from Eclecticism to Pietism. In G. Santinello & G. Piaia (Eds.), Models of the History of Philosophy: Volume II: From Cartesian Age to Brucker (pp. 301–385). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Monitoring and Assessment.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, March 14). Oldest Evidence Of Parental Care Discovered. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Electronic Government: Potential Exists for Enhancing Collaboration on Four Initiatives (No. GAO-04-6). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blasdel, E. S. (2010). A phenomenological study of barriers for women in federal law enforcement (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2017, July 23). Close Encounters of the Human Kind. New York Times, p. C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Henderson 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Henderson 2005; Singla and Reiter 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Singla and Reiter 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Onodera et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Monitoring and Assessment
AbbreviationEnviron. Monit. Assess.
ISSN (print)0167-6369
ISSN (online)1573-2959
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
General Medicine

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