How to format your references using the Environmental Monitoring and Assessment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bernath, P. F. (2002). Laser chemistry. Water vapor gets excited. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5583), 943–945.
A journal article with 2 authors
Riser, S. C., & Johnson, K. S. (2008). Net production of oxygen in the subtropical ocean. Nature, 451(7176), 323–325.
A journal article with 3 authors
de Forges, B. R., Koslow, J. A., & Poore, G. C. (2000). Diversity and endemism of the benthic seamount fauna in the southwest Pacific. Nature, 405(6789), 944–947.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Caballero, A., Despagnet-Ayoub, E., Díaz-Requejo, M. M., Díaz-Rodríguez, A., González-Núñez, M. E., Mello, R., et al. (2011). Silver-catalyzed C-C bond formation between methane and ethyl diazoacetate in supercritical CO₂. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6031), 835–838.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
CCPS. (2006). Guidelines for Mechanical Integrity Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Stange, C. (Ed.). (2016). Carotenoids in Nature: Biosynthesis, Regulation and Function (Vol. 79). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Cohen, Y. H., & Reich, Y. (2016). Literature Review Conclusions and Definition of Research Target. In Y. Reich (Ed.), Biomimetic Design Method for Innovation and Sustainability (pp. 45–49). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Monitoring and Assessment.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, April 2). Liver Disorder in Adult Mice Repaired Via Gene Editing. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Bureau of Indian Education: Improving Interior’s Assistance Would Aid Tribal Groups Developing Academic Accountability Systems (No. GAO-08-1125T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pearson, D. (2014). A High-Level Fuzzy Logic Guidance System for an Unmanned Surface Vehicle (USV) Tasked to Perform an Autonomous Launch and Recovery (ALR) of an Unmanned Underwater Vehicle (UUV) (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, July 15). A Retail Internship. New York Times, p. E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bernath 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Bernath 2002; Riser and Johnson 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Riser and Johnson 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Caballero et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Monitoring and Assessment
AbbreviationEnviron. Monit. Assess.
ISSN (print)0167-6369
ISSN (online)1573-2959
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
General Medicine

Other styles