How to format your references using the Environmental Monitoring and Assessment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leggett, T. (2004). Physics. Superfluidity in a crystal? Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5692), 1921–1922.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vazquez, J. A., & Reid, M. R. (2004). Probing the accumulation history of the voluminous Toba magma. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5686), 991–994.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harris, H. H., Pickering, I. J., & George, G. N. (2003). The chemical form of mercury in fish. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5637), 1203.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Spotila, J. R., Reina, R. D., Steyermark, A. C., Plotkin, P. T., & Paladino, F. V. (2000). Pacific leatherback turtles face extinction. Nature, 405(6786), 529–530.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Iyengar, S. S., Parameshwaran, N., Phoha, V. V., Balakrishnan, N., & Okoye, C. D. (2010). Fundamentals of Sensor Network Programming. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Petsche, H.-J., Keßler, G., Kannenberg, L., & Liskowacka, J. (Eds.). (2009). Hermann Graßmann Roots and Traces: Autographs and Unknown Documents. Basel: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Aspray, W., Royer, G., & Ocepek, M. G. (2013). Trust Online: From E-Commerce to Recipe Sharing. In G. Royer & M. G. Ocepek (Eds.), Food in the Internet Age (pp. 61–80). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Monitoring and Assessment.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, September 26). Why A Zika Vaccine Is A Long Way Off. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Research and Development and the Economy (No. 094660). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sato, O. (2010). The use of statistical metrics as a decision making tool in brief experimental analysis (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M. (2017, September 18). Upheaval At Bach Festival. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Leggett 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Leggett 2004; Vazquez and Reid 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vazquez and Reid 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Spotila et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Monitoring and Assessment
AbbreviationEnviron. Monit. Assess.
ISSN (print)0167-6369
ISSN (online)1573-2959
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
General Medicine

Other styles