How to format your references using the Environmental Monitoring and Assessment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boss, A. P. (2000). Star formation. Three’s a crowd. Nature, 405(6785), 405, 407.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hannonen, M., & Sundström, L. (2003). Sociobiology: Worker nepotism among polygynous ants. Nature, 421(6926), 910.
A journal article with 3 authors
Riolo, R. L., Cohen, M. D., & Axelrod, R. (2001). Evolution of cooperation without reciprocity. Nature, 414(6862), 441–443.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Matoba, S., Kang, J.-G., Patino, W. D., Wragg, A., Boehm, M., Gavrilova, O., et al. (2006). p53 regulates mitochondrial respiration. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5780), 1650–1653.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kubicek, C. P. (2012). Fungi and Lignocellulosic Biomass. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Cohen, R. D. (Ed.). (2011). Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Diagnosis and Therapeutics (2nd ed.). Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Shibuya, S., & Kawaguchi, T. (2007). Advanced Laboratory Stress-Strain and Strength Testing of Geomaterials in Geotechnical Engineering Practice. In H. I. Ling, L. Callisto, D. Leshchinsky, & J. Koseki (Eds.), Soil Stress-Strain Behavior: Measurement, Modeling and Analysis: A Collection of Papers of the Geotechnical Symposium in Rome, March 16–17, 2006 (pp. 191–199). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Monitoring and Assessment.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, December 5). Star Clusters Are Responsible For Dusting Up Galaxies. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Federal Retirement Processing: Applying Information Technology Acquisition Best Practices Could Help OPM Overcome a Long History of Unsuccessful Modernization Efforts (No. GAO-15-277T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Huang, J. (2013). Multispectral Imaging of Skin Oxygenation (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M. D., & Haberman, M. (2017, August 15). Trump Again Says Two Sides at Fault in Rally Violence. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Boss 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Boss 2000; Hannonen and Sundström 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hannonen and Sundström 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Matoba et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Monitoring and Assessment
AbbreviationEnviron. Monit. Assess.
ISSN (print)0167-6369
ISSN (online)1573-2959
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
General Medicine

Other styles