How to format your references using the Environmental Monitoring and Assessment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Feibelman, P. J. (2002). Partial dissociation of water on Ru(0001). Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5552), 99–102.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aragão, L. E. O. C., & Shimabukuro, Y. E. (2010). The incidence of fire in Amazonian forests with implications for REDD. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5983), 1275–1278.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bradley, R. S., Hughes, M. K., & Diaz, H. F. (2003). Climate change. Climate in Medieval time. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5644), 404–405.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Song, X., Peng, C., Zhou, G., Jiang, H., & Wang, W. (2014). Chinese Grain for Green Program led to highly increased soil organic carbon levels: a meta-analysis. Scientific reports, 4, 4460.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mansour, M., Wilhite, R., & Rowe, J. (2017). Guide to Ruminant Anatomy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rousseau, C. (2008). Mathematics and Technology. (Y. Saint-Aubin, Ed.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, X., & Reeves, D. (2015). Active Timing Based Traceback. In D. Reeves (Ed.), Traceback and Anonymity (pp. 23–47). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Monitoring and Assessment.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 8). The Search of Life Beneath the Ice: Why we’re Going Back to Europa. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). NASA: Sound Management and Oversight Key to Addressing Crew Exploration Vehicle Project Risks (No. GAO-06-1127T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Woo, C. (2008). Cross-Cultural Encounter and the Novel: Nation, Identity, and Genre in Nineteenth-Century British Literature (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2017, June 30). M.T.A.’s $1 Million Prizes Are at End of the Tunnel. New York Times, p. A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Feibelman 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Aragão and Shimabukuro 2010; Feibelman 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aragão and Shimabukuro 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Song et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Monitoring and Assessment
AbbreviationEnviron. Monit. Assess.
ISSN (print)0167-6369
ISSN (online)1573-2959
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
General Medicine

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